Christopher Columbus By: Rafael Verduzco Walter Stiern Middle School Ms. Marshall 2009-2010 Standard 7.6-7.11 Voyages In about 1492, he sailed from Spain to the west to an unknown sea He went to 4 voyages in to central, southern America, and the west Indies. The first in 1492-1493. His second was from 1493-1496. The third was in 1498-1500. The last on was from 1502-1504. Birth • The year which he was born was 1451 Christopher was born in the port city of Genoa which was an important trade city. • He was the first kid out of 4 others. • Yet we don’t know much about his studies and he stop at his early tens. Learning • In about 1476 Columbus toke a job as a sailed and got attacked by privateers, so he had to abandon ship. • He later found him self in a shore near Lagos. He later meet him self with his brother named Bartolommeo. • His brother was a map maker. Christopher studied Latin and other languages. • He was taught by a Catholic friars. Interest • When Columbus was in his 20’s people started asking what was beyond Asia,. • He started to study. He thought that that China and Japan were only a couple hundred miles away. • We know that isn’t true but Columbus had made him self believe in that theory. • Yet he was going to need money Money Since Columbus needed money for his ships. He first approached the king of Portugal. At first the king became interested but later, He said “No”. He later went to Spain. Yet in about 1487 a group of people who had studied Columbus’s calculations said No because they said that the Indies were further that Columbus thought they were. Ships o Columbus got 3 ships. The first 2 are the Niña and the piñata. The 2 ships that were provided by Marian Alonso Pinzon. He was an important ship owner. o Martian even to the decks to get sailors to risk their ships. He even saw him self as Christopher’s partner. o Columbus later got the 3rd ship called the Santa Maria. He filled the ships with enough food and water, First Voyage On the 3rd of August year of 1492 is when the legendary first voyage. He got 90 crew members the left from Palos, Spain. He hade the 3 ships. On September 6, west, but his man were getting mad at Columbus so he offered a reward. On October the 12th of 1492 they landed in the Bahamas. Christopher thought he was at the east near Japan. He even claimed it for Spain. The crew later went to find Cuba. In December they found Hispaniola “The Spanish Island.” the Santa Maria was wrecked and Christopher lift in the Nina to Spain. He became the Governor of his Island. Second Voyage • In about 1493, Isabella and Ferdinand asked Columbus to take a larger amount of ships across the Atlantic. He took 17 ships with him that had horse, cattle, and sheep. • They left on September 25, 1493 from Spain. They landed south of the first voyage and there he found Leeward Islands and Porto Rico. His base on Hispaniola was destroyed by natives. • After that he left back to Spain to defend himself because some colonies Invaded a ship and had gone on to complain to Isabella, in march 10, 1496 3rd voyage • After he Cleared his name with the Queen, Isabella And Ferdinand gave him a 3rd voyage. Although Some rumors started of the conditions at Hispaniola. • On May 30, 1498, Columbus sailed from Spain and about two months later he landed on Trinidad, They later went to the Gulf of Paria and then to Venezuela. • At Venezuela Columbus found a river and soon began to doubt his work. Those rumors caught on and a new government went to arrested Columbus and was sent to Spain. 4th Voyage By the time Columbus got back to Spain he was let go, but his reputation was over. He still hoped to find a way to get to Asia. On May 5, 1502 they set sail with four ships and landed on Central America after surviving a Hurricane. They landed on Honduras at the end of July. He kept going, But his ship was destroyed by natives. Columbus later became sick with Malaria and had to go to Spain. The bad weather caused unrepaired damage. They had to stay on Jamaica for one year until help came, and made it back to Spain on 1504 Death • Columbus died on May 21, 1506. he was not the first because Vikings really were there by the 1000’s • Many of Christopher’s work and document were forgotten and gone by the time we realized what he did. Bibliography James Lincoln Collier. Great explorations Christopher Columbus, to the new world. New York: Copyright by James Lincoln Collier, 2007. Print Keith A. Pickering, “the second voyage of Columbus” 1997-2006. Columbus Navigation. Web. 30th of March, 2010. David west and Jackie gaff. Christopher Columbus, The life of a Master navigator and explorer. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group Inc, 2005. Print Jeananda Col. “Christopher Columbus: Explorer.” Enchanting learning. Wed. March 30, 2010. Kristin Petrie. Christopher Columbus. Minnesota: ABDO Consulting group Inc., 2004. Print.