Erich Maria Remarque Erich Paul Remark (1898 - 1970) German author Sources: http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/remarque.htm and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Maria_Remarque Early Life Born on 22 June 1898 in a working-class family in the German city of Osnabruck At the age of sixteen or seventeen he made his first attempts at writing: essays, poems, and the beginnings of a novel that was finished later and published in 1920 as The Dream Room At age 18, Remarque, a third-year student at a teachers' training college, was drafted into the German army. Participation in World War I November 1916: Drafted into the German Army Sent to the Western Front (Belgium) Worked in a support unit behind the lines (laying barbed wire and building bunkers and dugouts to fortify gun sites) July 1917: Wounded by shrapnel in the left leg, right arm and neck while retrieving an injured soldier during an attack Spent the rest of the war recuperating in a hospital in Germany All Quiet on the Western Front •All Quiet on the Western Front was written in a few months in 1927 •Published in 1929 •Sold 2.5 million copies in twentyfive languages in its first eighteen months in print. •The story is narrated in first person in a cool style, a contrast to patriotic rhetoric. Film In 1930 the book was turned into an Oscar-winning movie of the same name. The film's premiere was disrupted by Nazi gangs; Remarque was accused of pacifism. It was not until the 1950s the film was shown again in West Germany. The film was denounced by Goebbels as anti-German, but the Poles banned it for being pro-German. In France it was prohibited until 1962. Later Life In 1932 Remarque moved to Switzerland In 1933, the Nazis banned and burned his works In 1938 Remarque lost his German citizenship. In 1939 he emigrated to the United States, where in 1947 he became a citizen. He died on September 25, 1970 in Switzerland. Legacy • With All Quiet on the Western Front, Remarque became a spokesman of "a generation that was destroyed by war, even though it might have escaped its shells," as he said himself.