Noun – Adjective Agreement
¡Vámonos!
 Grab a new pasaporte on your way in and get started!
 Translate the following 3 sentences:

I like soccer. (el fútbol)

We don’t like to swim. (nadar)

They like cheetos. (los cheetos)
Un repaso: Gustar
 A mí
 A ti
 A él, A ella, A Usted
 Me (yo)
A nosotros, a nosotras
A ustedes
A ellos, a ellas
 Le (él, ella, Usted)
Nos (nosotros, nosotras)
Les (Ustedes)
Les (Ellos, ellas)
 Gusta
ejemplo: A mí me gusta fútbol.
 Te (tú)
 Gustan
Un repaso: mandatos
Levántense
Escriben
Escuchen
Saca una hoja de papel.
Levanten los manos
Abren los libros
Repitan
Entregen la tarea
Cierra la puerta
Guided Practice
When I say a command, silently act it out in your seats
with your table group.
Ejemplo: Cierra la puerta
Escriben…
Gender
Singular
Plural
Masculine
El chico alto
El hombre intelegente
El chico joven
Los chicos altos
Los hombres intelegentes
Los chicos jovenes
Feminine
La chica alta
La mujer intelegente
La chica joven
Las chicas altas
Las mujeres intelegentes
Las chicas jovenes
English Connection
 Adjectives are words that describe nouns. In
English, the adjective almost always comes before
the noun.
 In Spanish, the adjective usually comes after the
noun
Example
Key:
noun
adjective
the serious students
los estudiantes serios
Noun-Adjective Agreement
 In Spanish, adjectives match the gender and
number of the nouns they describe.
 Here’s how…
Noun- Adjective Agreement
 Adjectives that end in –e (for example, inteligente)
match BOTH genders.

Example:
El maestro inteligente
La maestra inteligente
Noun-Adjective Agreement
 Many adjectives that end in a consonant match both
genders.
Example
el amigo joven
la amiga joven
 Some adjectives that end in a consonant add –a to
form the feminine singular. These exceptions have to
be memorized!

Example
el chico trabajador
la chica trabajadora
Forming Plural Adjectives
 To make an adjective plural, add -s if it ends in a
vowel; add -es if it ends in a consonant

Examples
Las chicas trabajadoras
 Los chicos trabajadores

So… alta, alto, altas, and altos ALL mean tall… just depends on gender of noun
Dos preguntas…
 Two important questions to ask every time…
 Is
the noun MASCULINE or FEMININE?
 Is
the noun SINGULAR or PLURAL?
Practica…
Chico: boy
Alto, alta: tall
Chica: girl
Bajo, baja: short
Guided Practice
 Which adjective goes with each person?
un chico (a boy)
Alto (tall)
Alta
una mujer (a woman)
Pequeño (small)
Pequeña
una persona (a person)
Atlético (athletic)
Atlética
un hombre (a man)
Perezoso (lazy)
perezosa
una maestra (a teacher)
Bonito
bonita
(pretty)
WRITE YOUR OWN… noun + adjective
Guided Practice
Which adjective goes with these people?
unos señores (the men)
Artísticos (artistic)
artísticas
unos maestros (the teachers)
Organizados (organized) organizadas
Unas chicas (The girls)
Serios (serious)
serias
unos amigos (the friends)
Simpáticos (nice)
simpáticas
unas estudiantes (the students)
Estudiosos (studious)
estudiosas
Independent Practice
 Write the correct form of the underlined adjective in each
blank… remember: check GENDER and NUMBER.
 La chica seria. El chico _________________.
 Los hombres altos. Las mujeres ___________.
 Los señores perezosos. El señor _________________.
 La maestra organizada. Los maestros ___________ .
 La guitarra grande. El piano ______________.
 La comida mala. El postre (dessert) __________.
Billete de Salida
Using the word bank below, write five descriptions in
Spanish using correct noun/adjective agreement. You
will have to change some of the adjectives to agree
with the nouns! You may use your notes.
Sustantivos (nouns)
Adjetivos (adjectives)
Las chicas (the girls)
El niño (the boy)
El hombre (the man)
La mujer (the woman)
Los chicos (the boys)
Alto (tall)
Bajo (short)
Joven (young)
Simpático (nice)
Inteligente (smart)
____________ (NOUN) + ______________ (ADJECTIVE)
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Noun – Adjective Agreement