
Gramática
A few notes about grammar
Make sure you are
studying at least 20
minutes a night!
Adjectives
 Adjectives modify nouns
 Adjectives are description words for: people, places, things, or
ideas
 Adjectives are typically placed after the noun
 The exception to this rule is quantity- they are placed before noun
 Which adjectives do you know, besides numbers, that are
quantitative?

Adjectives must agree in quantity (singular or plural) and
gender (masculine or feminine)

(We’ve already gone over this- you should have the notes for it already. This is just
review)
Key:
Spanish Translation
Rules in context
Qualitative I have a red car
adjective
Yo tengo un carro rojo
Singular/Masculine/
Qualitative adjective
after noun
Quantitative You have many good
adjective
looking friends (all
Tú tienes muchas
amigas guapas
Plural/Feminine/Quanti
tative adjective before
noun/Qualititative
adjective after noun
We read good books
Nosotros leemos libros
buenos
Plural/Masculine/Qualit
ative adjective after
noun
They eat many good
hamburgers
Ellos comen muchas
hamburguesas buenas
Plural/Feminine/Quanti
tative adjective before
noun/Qualitative
adjective after noun
Noun
Sentence in English
Adjectives
females)
Contractions

We only have 2 contractions in
Spanish:

a + el = al

de + el = del

“a”- at/to

“de”- of/from

“el”- the

Every time you have the word “a” or
“de” in a Sentence and the word
“el” (article for singular/masculine
noun) comes immediately after, you
have to make the contraction.
 Yo llego a el colegio a las
siete
Yo llego al
colegio a las siete.
 “el colegio is the noun in
the sentence.
Contractions
 Another example:
 Yo salgo de el colegio a las dos y cuarto de la tarde
 Yo salgo del colegio a las dos y cuarto de la tarde
Unlike contractions in English, the 2 contractions
in Spanish are not voluntary. You must use them!
Cohesive Devices
 You must use cohesive devices to make your
sentences flow.
 We use them in English,
 They are equally important in Spanish
 You already have a few: “y”, “o”, “también”,
“tampoco”, “pero”
 If you look at your rubric, you will notice you are
graded on your use of cohesive devices
Cohesive Devices
Spanish
Primero
Finalmente
Entonces
Próximo
Luego
Antes/ Antes de
Después/ Después de
English
First
Finally
Then
Next
Later
Beforehand/ Before
Afterward/ After
Cohesive Devices in Context
 Mi madre tiene los ojos castaños. Yo tengo los ojos
castaños también. (My mother has hazel eyes. I
have hazel eyes also.)
 Yo estudio después del colegio.(I study after
school.) –Also, notice the use the the de + el contraction “del”
 Primero, yo hago la tarea. Entonces, me baño.
(First, I do homework. Then, I bathe.)
 No me gusta la película. No me gusta tampoco. (I do
not like the movie. I do not like it either)
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Gramática - FrauRowland