Native Americans:
The First Inhabitants of Virginia
Virginia Studies 2 d, e
• The student will demonstrate knowledge of the
geography and early inhabitants of Virginia by.
• Locating three American Indian (First
American) language groups (the
Algonquian, the Siouan and the Iroquoian)
on a map of Virginia.
• Describing how American Indians (First
Americans) adapted to the climate and their
environment to secure food, clothing and
shelter.
Native Americans: The First Inhabitants of
Virginia:Table of Contents
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Christopher Columbus: Indians
Native Language Groups
Native Americans in Virginia: Map
Native Americans: Evidence & Artifacts
Virginia Climate
Eastern Woodland Indians
• Food: Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall
• Clothing
• Shelter
• Assessments: One, Two, Three
Christopher Columbus: Indians
• Christopher Columbus
called the people he
found in the lands he
discovered “Indians”
because he thought he
was in the Indies (near
China).
Native Language Groups
Three major language groups.
1. Algonquian was spoken primarily in the
Tidewater region; the Powhatans were a
member of this group.
2. Siouan was spoken primarily in the Piedmont
region.
3. Iroquoian was spoken in Southwestern Virginia
and in Southern Virginia near what is today
North Carolina; the Cherokee were a part of
this group.
Map
Native Americans In Virginia:
Map
Algonquian
(Powhatan)
Iroquoian
(Cherokee)
Siouan
Evidence & Artifacts
• Today we know that Native
Americans lived in all areas
of the state by the artifacts
they left behind.
• Artifacts such as
arrowheads, pottery, and
other tools that have been
found tell a lot about the
people who lived in
Virginia.
Virginia Climate
• The climate in Virginia is relatively mild with
distinct seasons—spring, summer, fall, and
winter—resulting in a variety of vegetation.
Eastern Woodland Indians
• Virginia’s Indians are
referred to as Eastern
Woodland Indians,
due to the forests
which cover most of
the land.
• The kinds of food they
ate, the clothing they
wore, and the shelters
they had depended
upon the seasons.
Click below for more information
Click on the back arrow to return here
Food
Clothing
Shelters
Eastern Woodland Indians: Food
• Foods changed with the seasons:
– Winter - hunted birds and animals
– Spring - fished and picked berries
– Summer - grew crops (beans, corn,
squash)
– Fall - harvested crops
Back to Eastern
Woodland Indians
Click on the season for more information
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Eastern Woodland Indians:
Clothing
• Animal skins
(deerskin) were used
for clothing.
Back to Eastern
Woodland Indians
Eastern Woodland Indians:
Shelter
• Shelter was made
from materials
around them
mainly wood and
bark.
Back to Eastern
Woodland Indians
Assessment – 1 of 3
• Why were Virginia’s Indians referred to as
the Eastern Woodlands Indians?
Answer
• What were Indians clothes made from?
Answer
Click here to go to
Assessment #2
Assessment - 2 of 3
• What type of food did the Eastern
Woodland Indians eat during the winter?
Answer
• What type of food did the Eastern
Woodland Indians eat during the summer?
Answer
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to Assessment #1
Click here to go to
Assessment #3
Assessment – 3 of 3
• What did the Eastern Woodlands Indians
depend upon to determine what foods they
ate, type of clothing they wore and shelters
they lived?
Answer
• What were the three major Indians
languages spoken in Virginia?
Answer
Click here to go back
to Assessment #2
Credits
• Virginia Studies Curriculum Framework,
Commonwealth of Virginia, Board of Education, 2001
• Virginia Studies Posters
(http://chumby.dlib.vt.edu/melissa/posters/vastudiesposter.html)
• Google Image Search (www.google.com/images)
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Native Americans: The First Inhabitants of Virginia