República
Dominicana
Population
The Dominican Republic today has a population of approximately 9 million
people, the majority of whom are criollos, a biological mixture of Indians,
Europeans and Africans; the official census lists the population as being 73%
mixed, 16% white, and 11% black. It is an urban nation (61% of the Dominican
population lives in an urban environment) with an 80% literacy rate.
Approximately 2 million Dominicans live in the capital city of Santo Domingo de
Guzmán.
History
Geography
Famous People
Gastronomy
Traditions
Architecture
The island’s first peopling—The first people to inhabit
what would one day be the Dominican Republic were
small groups of fishermen, hunters and gatherers, a
simple Stone-Age people, who arrived via canoe
sometime between 5,000 BC and 4,000 BC, fully 5,500
to 6,500 years before the arrival of Europeans. These
earliest “Indians,” as Columbus would later call them,
are known to archaeologists and historians as the
Guanahatabey (or Ciboney) people.
Since the signing of the Treaty of Ryswick
between the kingdoms of Spain and France in
1697, the island of Hispaniola (La Isla
Española) has played host to two separate
and distinct societies that we now know as
the nations of Haiti and the Dominican
Republic.
Columbus was a royal governor of the Dominican Repulic in 1499. He
wanted to end serious abusesand taxation of settlers.
The earliest Spanish settlement was the
Isabels which had huts and plazas.
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