British Take Over in India
What was the main goal of the East
India Company
• Profit
• In the 1600’s, they were commissioned by the
British Crown to open up trade routes in the East
• As time passed, the E.I.C. gradually assumed
more dominance over the Indians
How did the East India Company
exploit Indian diversity?
• Various ethnic groups, languages, and cultures
• They encouraged disunity and competition
amongst these groups
What policies did the British
implement in India?
• They preserved peace, improved roads and
cut down on crime
• Western education and legal procedures
• Ended slavery and helped even out the social
classes in society
• Banned Sati (custom where wife throws
herself on husbands funeral fire)
How did Indians feel about some of
these policies? What did they do?
• Many conservative Indians upset with their
customs and traditions being changed
• Sepoys upset that they had to serve overseas and
bite off rifle cartridges laced with animal fat (this
went against their Muslim and Hindu faiths)
• Sepoys rebelled
What were the results of the Sepoy
Rebellion?
• British defeated Sepoys, and exacted harsh
revenge for their own losses
• Led to bitterness and fear and mistrust on
both sides
• Led to direct rule from the British
government; EIC no longer in control
What was the British impact in India?
• Built roads, railways, Western Education, modern
communication systems (positives)
• Improved legal system, brought some peace, reduced
crime (positives)
• Medical improvements & new farming methods (positives)
• Clearing land for farms led to deforestation (negatives)
• Encouraged “cash crops” (not food crops) which led to
famine, or starvation (negatives)
• Loss of many Indian cultural and traditional ways
(positive OR negative – depending on perspective)
How did Indians like Ram Mohun Roy
view British culture and technology?
• As an educated Indian, he saw benefits of
Western education and culture, but wanted to
hold true to some Indian cultures as well
• Seen as the “father” of Indian Nationalism, he
still embraced Western technology and industry
How did the British view Indian culture?
• Some admired Indian philosophy and aspects
of their culture
• Most, however, dismissed Indian culture and
felt Western culture was superior
How do we see all 3 forms of imperial
rule practiced by the British in India?
• In 1600’s, the East India Company establishes
India as just a sphere of influence
– This brought a trade partnership between the two, as
the EIC had no political power, just trading rights
• Slowly, the EIC gained more control and
dominance over the politics in India, but the local
Indian rulers still were in control (Indirect rule)
• After the Sepoy Rebellion, the British gov’t took
complete control of India (Direct Rule)
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British Take Over in India