Mechanical Engineering
as a Career
Mr TRC Raja, FSIET
MSc(Engineering)(NUS),PGDSA(NUS),
BE(First Class),MSc(prod-First Class)
PGDM(UK),GDPM(SIM),Dip.T&D(UK), ChFC,
Senior Financial Consultant (NTUC Income)
President, SIET (2012/2013)
H/P: 98172337
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[Supertanker AbQaiq]
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Mechanical engineers design and
build engines,power plants... [Volkswagen W16]
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Highlights
• About the Speaker – Mr TRC Raja
• What is Mechanical Engineering?
• Fundamental Subjects of Mechanical
Engineering.
• Sub-disciplines of Mechanical
Engineering.
• Frontiers of Research in ME.
• The Work that Mechanical Engineers Do.
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Higfhlights
• Where Mechanical Engineers Work.
• Education and Other Qualifications.
• Professional Bodies in Mechanical
Engineering.
• Professional Registration
• Outlook for the Future.
• Additional Sources of Information.
• Q&A
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About the Speaker – Mr TRC Raja
• MSc(Engineering)(NUS),
PGDSA(NUS),BE(First
Class),MSc(prod-First
Class)
• PGDM(UK),GDPM(SIM),
Dip.T&D(UK)
• ChFC, D Wealth Mgt,Spe
D in Risk Mgt(RMI/NUS)
• Adv Cert WHS, WSQ
ACTA
• Senior
Financial Consultant
(NTUC Income)
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What is Mechanical Engineering?
• Mechanical engineering is a discipline
of engineering that applies the principles
of physics and materials science for analysis,
design, manufacturing, and maintenance
of mechanical systems.
• It is the branch of engineering that involves the
production and usage of heat and mechanical
power for the design, production, and operation
of machines and tools.
• It is one of the oldest and broadest engineering
disciplines.
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What is Mechanical Engineering?
• The engineering field requires an understanding of core
concepts
including mechanics, kinematics,thermodynamics, materi
als science, structural analysis, and electricity.
• Mechanical engineers use these core principles along
with tools like computer-aided engineering and product
lifecycle management to design and
analyze manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and
machinery, heating and cooling systems, transport
systems, aircraft, watercraft, robotics, medical devices,
and others.
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What is Mechanical Engineering?
• Mechanical engineering emerged as a
field during the industrial revolution in
Europe in the 18th century; however, its
development can be traced back several
thousand years around the world.
Mechanical engineering science emerged
in the 19th century as a result of
developments in the field of physics.
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What is Mechanical Engineering?
• The field has continually evolved to incorporate
advancements in technology, and mechanical
engineers today are pursuing developments in
such fields as composites, mechatronics,
andnanotechnology. Mechanical engineering
overlaps with aerospace engineering, building
services engineering, metallurgical
engineering, marine engineering, civil
engineering, electrical engineering, petroleum
engineering, manufacturing engineering,
and chemical engineering to varying amounts.
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Fundamental Subjects of
Mechanical Engineering
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Statics and dynamics
Strength of materials and solid
mechanics
Instrumentation and measurement
Electrotechnology
Electronics
Thermodynamics, heat
transfer, energy conversion,
and HVAC
Combustion, automotive
engines, fuels
Fluid mechanics and fluid
dynamics
Mechanism design
(including kinematics and dynamic
s)
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Manufacturing engineering,
technology, or processes
Hydraulics and pneumatics
Mathematics - in
particular, calculus, differential
equations, and linear algebra.
Engineering design
Product design
Mechatronics and control theory
Material Engineering and Control
engineering
Design
engineering, Drafting, computeraided design (CAD)
(including solid modeling),
and computer-aided
manufacturing (CAM)
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Sub-disciplines of Mechanical
Engineering
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1 Mechanics
2 Mechatronics and robotics
3 Structural analysis
4 Thermodynamics and thermo-science
5 Design and drafting
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Training FMS with learning robotSCORBOTER 4u, workbench CNC Mill and CNC Lathe
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A CAD model of a mechanical double seal
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Frontiers of Research in ME.
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1 Micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS)
2 Friction stir welding (FSW)
3 Composites
4 Mechatronics
5 Nanotechnology
6 Finite element analysis
7 Biomechanics
8 Computational fluid dynamics
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Composite cloth consisting of woven carbon fiber
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The Work that Mechanical
Engineers Do.
• Mechanical engineering is organized into
three general areas :
– energy,
– manufacturing, and
– engineering design mechanics.
• ASME has forty-one technical divisions,
reflecting the seven diverse disciplines,
technologies, and industries.
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The Spectrum of Mechanical
Engineering Functions
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1. Research
2. Development
3. Design
4. Testing
5. Manufacturing
6. Operation and Maintenance
7. Marketing and Sales
8. Administration and Management
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Where Mechanical Engineers Work
• Traditional industries for mechanical engineers
are the
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automobile,
industrial machinery,
utilities,
chemical,
computer,
manufacturing,
mining, and
petroleum industries.
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Where Mechanical Engineers Work
• Other industries : publishing and printing,
textiles, pharmaceuticals, paper and wood
products, rubber and glass; aerospace.
• They also work at government/statutory
boards and for consulting engineering
firms.
• In addition, mechanical engineers do
research and teach at colleges and
universities.
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Source: ST – 6 Feb 2013
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Source : ST – 9 Feb 2013
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Source: ST9 Feb 2013
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Education and Other Qualifications
• Degrees in mechanical engineering are offered
at universities worldwide.
• Mechanical engineering programs typically take
four to five years of study and result in
a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng), Bachelor of
Science (B.Sc), Bachelor of Science
Engineering (B.ScEng), Bachelor of
Technology (B.Tech), or Bachelor of Applied
Science (B.A.Sc) degree, in or with emphasis in
mechanical engineering.
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Education and Other Qualifications
- Australia
• In Australia, mechanical engineering degrees
are awarded as Bachelor of Engineering
(Mechanical) or similar nomenclature although
there are an increasing number of
specialisations. The degree takes four years of
full-time study to achieve. To ensure quality in
engineering degrees, Engineers
Australia accredits engineering degrees
awarded by Australian universities in
accordance with the global Washington Accord.
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Education and Other Qualifications
- USA
• In the United States, most undergraduate
mechanical engineering programs
are accredited by the Accreditation Board
for Engineering and Technology (ABET) to
ensure similar course requirements and
standards among universities. The ABET
web site lists 276 accredited mechanical
engineering programs as of June 19, 2006.
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Education and Other Qualifications
- Singapore
• Universities (NUS/NTU) :
– BEng in Mechanical Engineering– 4 years
Full-Time  Professional Engineer (PE).
• Polytechnics :
– SP/NP: Diploma in Mechanical Engineering –
3 years Full-Time  Engineering
Technologist.
– SP : Advanced Diploma in Building
Automation & Services– 2 years Part-Time.
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Education and Other Qualifications
- Singapore
• ITEs :
– ITE Higher Nitec in Mechanical Engineering–
2 years Full-time  Engineering Technician;
– Technical Engineer Diploma (Automotive
Engineering; Machine Technology) – 2 years
of full-time institutional training and 1.5 years
of work experience  Technical Engineer.
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Education and Other Qualifications
• Some mechanical engineers go on to
pursue a postgraduate degree such as
a Master of Engineering, Master of
Technology, Master of Science, Master of
Engineering Management (MEng.Mgt or
MEM), a Doctor of Philosophy in
engineering (EngD, PhD) or an engineer's
degree.
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Professional Bodies in
Mechanical Engineering
• The first British professional society of
mechanical engineers was formed in
1847 : Institution of Mechanical Engineers, thirty
years after the civil engineers formed the first
such professional society Institution of Civil
Engineers.
• In the United States, the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers (ASME) was formed in
1880, becoming the third such professional
engineering society, after the American Society
of Civil Engineers (1852) and the American
Institute of Mining Engineers (1871).
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The Institution of Mechanical Engineers London
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George Stephenson [First
IMechE’s President :
1847]
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American Society of Mechanical
Engineers (ASME)
• ASME is one of the oldest standardsdeveloping organizations in the world.
• It produces approximately 600 codes and
standards, covering many technical areas, such
as boiler components, elevators, measurement
of fluid flow in closed conduits, cranes, hand
tools, fasteners, and machine tools.
• Some ASME standards have been translated
into other languages other than English, such
Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Korean,
Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish.
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American Society of Mechanical
Engineers (ASME) – Core Values
• Embrace integrity and ethical conduct
• Embrace diversity and respect the dignity and culture of
all people
• Nurture and treasure the environment and our natural
and man-made resources
• Facilitate the development, dissemination and
application of engineering knowledge
• Promote the benefits of continuing education and of
engineering education
• Respect and document engineering history while
continually embracing change
• Promote the technical and societal contribution of
engineers
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The Eiffel Tower (completed 1889) is
an iron lattice tower located on the Champ de
Mars in Paris, named after the
engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company
designed and built the tower. The tower stands
320 metres (1,050 ft) tall, about the same height
as an 81-storey building.
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Professional Registration - USA
• In the U.S., to become a licensed Professional Engineer,
an engineer must pass the comprehensive FE
(Fundamentals of Engineering) exam, work a given
number of years as an Engineering Intern
(EI) or Engineer-in-Training (EIT), and finally pass the
"Principles and Practice" or PE (Practicing Engineer or
Professional Engineer) exams.
• In the United States, the requirements and steps of this
process are set forth by the National Council of
Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES), a
composed of engineering and land surveying licensing
boards representing all U.S. states and territories.
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Professional Registration - UK
• In the UK, current graduates require
a BEng plus an appropriate masters
degree or an integrated MEng degree, a
minimum of 4 years post graduate on the
job competency development, and a peer
reviewed project report in the candidates
specialty area in order to become
chartered through the Institution of
Mechanical Engineers.
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Professional Registration Singapore
• Under the Professional Engineers Act, an applicant
applying for registration with the Board must satisfy
several requirements to be entitled to registration. The
requirements are:–
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a) Appropriate qualifications – Section 15(1);
b) Appropriate experience – Section 15(2)(a);
c) Sat and passed prescribed examinations – Section 15(2)(b)
d) Good character and reputation – Section 15(4)(a); and
e) Able to carry out the duties of a professional engineer
effectively – Section 15(4)(b).
• Website:
http://app.peb.gov.sg/Downloads/RegistrationasPE.pdf
.
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Outlook for the Future
• The demand for improved machinery, machine
tools, and complex manufacturing processes is
creating a growing demand for mechanical
engineers.
• In addition, new areas such as
nanotechnology, microelectromechanical
systems, and bioengineering are creating
opportunities for mechanical engineers.
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Outlook for the Future
• Other opportunities are expected to be in
the engineering services area
(engineering consulting firms) as
manufacturing companies contract out
design, development, and testing work to
solve engineering problems.
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Source: ST –
18 Jan 2013
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Additional Sources of Information
• UK : Institution of Mechanical Engineers.
Website: www.imeche.org
• USA : American Society of Mechanical
Engineers. Website: www.asme.org
• Singapore:
– 1. Institution of Engineers, Singapore (IES). Website:
www.ies.org.sg
– 2. Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists
(SIET). Website: www.siet.org.sg
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Questions & Answers
First drafted on 15 February 2013/Sam MK
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