Overview of newly formed Dept. of EECS
Kevin Tomsovic
CTI Professor and EECS Department Head
[email protected]; 865-974-3461
Electrical Engineering
and Computer Science
• July 2007, Electrical and Computer Engineering merged with
Computer Science to form new department with
– 38 faculty
– 299 BS students (78 graduates in 2007)
– 125 MS students (62 graduates in 2007)
– 118 Ph.D. students (16 graduates in 2007)
– Research expenditures of $10+ million per year.
– Close collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory
– History of entrepreneurship – CTI, Garmin, Spinlab,
Perceptrics, Concorde Microsystems, EPRI, Electrotek, CSI,
SMNP, Dongarra’s work led to Matlab and Mathworks, etc.
• Offer three degrees (BS, MS, Ph.D.) in Computer Science,
Computer Engineering and Electrical Engineering
New Min H. Kao
EECS Building
• UT EE alumnus Min H. Kao (CEO of Garmin:
GPS manufacturer) donated $12.5 million to UT which
has been matched by $25 million from the state of
Tennessee to build a new ECE building
(Total: $37.5 million).
• Building begun, expected completion in Fall 2010.
• Dr. Kao has also donated $5 million to UT for funding
scholarships, fellowships, and professorships in EECS.
Trends in Engineering/Science
Some recent reports
The Engineer of 2020: Visions of Engineering in the New Century
– The pace of technological innovation will continue to be rapid
(most likely accelerating).
– The world in which technology will be deployed will be intensely
globally interconnected.
– The population of individuals who are involved with or affected by
technology (e.g., designers, manufacturers, distributors, users) will
be increasingly diverse and multidisciplinary.
– Social, cultural, political, and economic forces will continue to
shape and affect the success of technological innovation.
– The presence of technology in our everyday lives will be seamless,
transparent, and more significant than ever.
Trends in Engineering/Science
Some recent reports
Rising above the Gathering Storm (National Academies Report)
• Increasing competition from abroad
• Technical and scientific leadership eroding
• Examples
• The United States is today a net importer of high-technology products.
• In 2003, only three American companies ranked among the top 10 recipients of
patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
• In Germany, 36% of undergraduates receive their degrees in science and
engineering. In China, the figure is 59%, and in Japan 66%. In the United States,
the corresponding figure is 32%.
 Two key challenges identified:
• creating high-quality jobs for Americans and
• responding to the nation’s need for clean, affordable, and reliable energy.
Science & Engineering Degrees
Asia = China, India, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan.
Natural science = math, physics, chemistry, astronomy, biological, and earth, atmospheric, ocean, agricultural sciences and computer sciences.
Source: Science & Engineering Indicators, 2002
Engineering/Technology Workforce Trends
[AAES/EWC, 2004]
Electrical Engineering Trends
Bachelor Degrees
Research Funding
Comments on these National Trends
• Enrollments in technical fields are showing an unhealthy trend
– Need to broaden what constitutes engineering in general, but particularly within
– Need to do more to attract students to our fields, particularly, among underrepresented
– Need to somehow address image problems (EECS is much more than just computers and
• Serious distortions appearing in national R&D enterprise
– Shift of Federal R&D toward biomedical sciences and away from physical sciences and
engineering (see next slide)
– Federal R&D has declined from 70% of national R&D in the 1970s to around 25% today
 Also easy to be too pessimistic so we want to be careful not to overreact
– NAE Engineer 2020 report emphasizes importance of retaining teaching of traditional
analytical skills
– Most predictions of job opportunities look very positive – for example, recent CNN
report indicates 5 of the top 10 most in demand jobs over the next 20 years will be in CS
and EE related areas
What do EECS graduates do?1
Vary by technical, experience and business components
Design and Development
Testing and Evaluation
Application / Manufacturing
Maintenance / Service
Other Functions – Sales, marketing, etc.
Also by industry
Energy and Power
Services and related professions
Education and research
Transportation and automotive
1. From Sloan Career Center
215 Kelvin
Computer Science
By discipline:
• Architecture, Parallel Computing and Systems
Those focusing on the specialty area of architecture develop hardware designs, programming. Languages,
and their compilers for next-generation computers and computing components. The specialty area of
parallel computing area focuses on projects of varying size and investigates the software aspects of
computation on computers composed of multiple processors.
• Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
Research in this area includes developing efficient and scalable algorithms for biomolecular simulation
and applying data mining, statistical machine learning, natural language processing, and information
retrieval to analyze and mine all kinds of biological data, including DNA sequences, protein
sequences and structures, microarray data, and biology literature, for the purpose of facilitating
biology discovery.
• Database and Information Systems
Individuals working in this area would conduct fundamental and cutting-edge research in databases, data
mining, web mining, information retrieval, and natural language processing. Current areas of focus
might include data integration, exploring and integrating the "Deep Web;" schema matching;
security; mining data streams and sequential and semi-structured data; operating systems support for
storage systems; text retrieval and mining; bio-informatics; database support for high performance
computing; and top-k query processing.
215 Kelvin
Computer Science
By discipline:
• Graphics, Visualization and the Human Computer
Graphics and visualization research includes modeling and animation of natural phenomena,
computational topology, graphics hardware utilization, image based rendering, implicit surfaces,
mesh processing and simplification, procedural modeling and texturing, shape modeling, surface
parameterization, and visibility processing. Human-Computer Interface research involves user
interface tools that better support early design tasks, systems and environments that help users
maintain information awareness, tools for multimedia authoring and design, interfaces that foster
social interaction, and, more generally, human-computer interaction.
• Systems and Networking
Networking and distributed systems group research includes a broad range of topics that include mobile
systems, wireless protocols, ad-hoc networks, Quality of Service management, multimedia
networking, peer-to-peer networking, routing, network simulations, active queue management, and
sensor networks.
215 Kelvin
Computer Science
Or more specifically for UT:
• Visualization – molecular dynamics, image processing for
biomedical applications
Emission tomography
• High performance computing – Innovative Computing
(amyloid laden spleen).
Lab, new NSF super-computer
• Computer networks – new concepts, e.g., data depot
• Data mining – bioinformatics
215 Kelvin
• Education – whiteboard tools for data structures
• Reconfigurable computing – biological data processing
• Software engineering – automotive applications
Computer Engineering
By discipline:
• Coding, Cryptography, and Information Protection
Computer engineers in this area are developing novel methods for protecting digital images, music, and other information
from errors in transmission or storage, copyright infringement and other forms of tampering. Coding theory is used to
detect and correct errors caused by distortions in the transmission or storage of digital information, or to compress
• Communications and Wireless Networks
This specialty area focuses on a broad range of topics that will advance the frontiers of communications systems and
networks (with particular attention to wireless), modulation and error-control coding, and information theory.
Computer engineers working in this area may explore wireless communication opportunities to take advantage of new
frequency bands and increase the efficiency of current bands.
• Compilers and Operating Systems
Those focusing on the specialty area of compilers and operating systems design future computer operating systems,
libraries, and applications to be automatically customized for each deployment environment. They might develop new
operating system architectures, transparent program analysis techniques, post-link-time code transformation
algorithms, and novel quality assurance techniques.
• Computational Science and Engineering
In this area, computational methods are applied to formulate and solve complex mathematical problems in engineering and
in the physical and the social sciences. Computer simulation methods are developed for all kinds of systems, and
effective display techniques are employed to communicate the computational results to the user. Examples include
aircraft design, the plasma processing of nanometer features on semiconductor wafers, VLSI circuit design, radar
detection systems, ion transport through biological channels, and much more.
215 Kelvin
Computer Engineering
By discipline:
Computer Networks, Mobile Computing, and Distributed Systems
Individuals working in this area would build integrated environments for computing, communications, and information
access over heterogeneous underlying technologies. Specific projects might include shared channel wireless networks,
adaptive resource management in dynamic distributed systems including mobile systems, improving the quality of
service in mobile and ATM environments, a platform for adaptive computing and seamless memory over
heterogeneous wireless networks, and reliable and efficient communication on a fast Ethernet cluster.
Computer Systems: Architecture, Parallel Processing, and Dependability
The Computer Systems area encompasses a broad spectrum of research projects that address all aspects of reliable, testable, secure, highperformance computer systems. Specific projects might include designing a super-pipelined single-chip coprocessor for executing
multithreaded digital signal processing applications; investigating how to build highly-available and secure computer hardware,
software, network, and telecommunication systems; and developing new theory, algorithms, and tools to predict the availability of
computer hardware, software, network, and telecommunication systems.
Computer Vision and Robotics
In this area computer engineers focus on (a) visual sensing, in which images of a scene are taken as input and estimates of the threedimensional characteristics of the scene are output, (b) representation, which addresses efficient visual depiction and communication of
the environment, and (c) manipulation of the environment, in which the acquired three-dimensional information is used to perform
tasks such as navigation and assembly. Applications offer the promise of improved human modeling, image communication, and
human-computer interfaces, as well as devices such as special-purpose cameras with versatile vision sensors.
Embedded Systems
Computer engineers working in this area focus on enhancing the speed, reliability, and performance of systems, by means of computer
technology - for example, consumer products, and business and industrial machines. Most functions of the modern automobile are
controlled by embedded microprocessors. Embedded systems are currently being developed that coordinate systems such as automated
vehicles and equipment to conduct search and rescue, automated transportation systems, and human-robot coordination to repair
equipment in space.
215 Kelvin
Computer Engineering
Or more specifically for UT :
• Communication networks – remote video systems,
real-time streaming multi-media engines, sensor networks,
network routers and switches
• Robotic systems – autonomous control of vehicles
• Embedded systems - cell phones, PDAs, automotive systems
• Reconfigurable computing – designing chips that can
perform real-time tasks
• Biomedical applications – equipment for real-time
processing of biomedical signals
• Secure information systems –secure delivery of information
across the Internet and private intranets, and link/pattern
Electrical Engineering
By discipline:
• Automatic Controls
The field of automatic control spans a wide range of technologies, from aerospace to health care. The main goal of
automatic control technology is to automatically guide or regulate a system under both steady-state and transient
conditions, using feedback to adapt to unknown or changing conditions. Electrical engineers design and develop
automatic control systems to guide aircraft and spacecraft. They apply control technology to automatically adjust
processes and machinery in manufacturing such diverse products as chemicals, pharmaceuticals, automobiles, and
integrated circuits. For the healthcare industry, electrical engineers design controls for medical assistance devices
such as medication-injection machines and respirators.
• Digital Systems (Computer Engineering)
Digital systems permeate technology in all its forms; the world has gone digital, with digital control, digital
communications, and digital computation. Electrical engineers / computer engineers design, develop, and
manufacture all kinds of digital products, including both hardware and software: laptops, personal computers;
mainframes; supercomputers; workstations; virtual-reality systems; video games; modems; telephone switches;
embedded microcontrollers for aircraft, cars, appliances, and machines of all types. Digital computer-aided design
(CAD) systems are now commonplace in all branches of engineering design-machines, structures, circuits and
computer graphics are indispensable in advertising and publishing; meanwhile engineers are continually developing
improved hardware and software for such applications.
Electromagnetics deals with the transfer of energy by radiation, such as light waves, and radio waves, and the interaction of
such radiation with matter. Engineers apply electromagnetics in optical-fiber communications, radio broadcasting,
wireless communications, coaxial cable systems, radar, antennas, sensors, and microwave generators and detectors,
for example. Engineering researchers are examining the potential of electromagnetics in advanced computation and
switching systems. Electromagnetics is one of the most analytical fields of electrical engineering in that it relies
heavily on mathematics to express physical effects such as the complex relationships among electric and magnetic
intensities and flux densities and material properties in space and time.
215 Kelvin
Electrical Engineering
By discipline:
Electronics is a cornerstone of technology, supporting virtually all areas of science, engineering, and medicine with
products ranging from sensitive instruments to machine controls to diagnostic equipment. Electronics deals with the
release, transport, control, collection, and energy conversion of subatomic particles (such as electrons) having mass
and charge. The field is a fast-changing one, as new technology supplants old in rapid succession. Electronics
engineering deals with devices, equipment, and systems whose functions depend on such particles.
Electrical Power
The electrical power field is concerned with the generation, transmission, and distribution of electrical energy. Electrical
power engineers design and develop equipment and systems to provide electricity in homes, offices, stores, and
factories. The equipment includes devices to regulate the frequency and voltage of the power delivered to consumers,
to correct its power factor, and to protect the network and its customers from lightning strikes, surges, and outages.
Many power engineers design power systems for aircraft and spacecraft; others provide computer-controlled energy
management systems that conserve energy in manufacturing facilities; and still others design electrical motors for
applications ranging from appliances to processing plants.
Communication and Signal Processing
The field of communications encompasses transmission of information by electromagnetic signals through wired and
wireless links and networks. The information may be voice, images (still photographs and drawings), video, data,
software, or text messages. The closely related field of signal processing involves manipulating electromagnetic
signals so that they can be transmitted with greater accuracy, speed, reliability, and efficiency. Communications
engineers design and develop equipment and systems for a great variety of applications, including digital telephony,
cellular telephony, broadcast TV and radio, satellite communications, optical fiber communications, deep space
communications, local-area networks, and Internet and World Wide Web communications. Signal processing
engineers direct their attention to data compression, modulation systems, radar, sonar, computer-aided tomography
(CAT), ultrasound imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
215 Kelvin
Electrical Engineering
Broad areas include:
• Electronics – analog and digital, neuromorphic circuits,
microelectronics, VLSI circuits, system on a chip
• Signal/image/data processing – pattern/face
sensor networks, robotics, bioinformatics, data mining
• Communications – wireless communications, radio
frequency to microwave frequency, antennas, industrial
• Power Systems/Power Electronics – fuel cells, solar
cells, hybrid electric vehicles, electric machines,
electric utility planning, power markets
• Control Systems –motor drive control

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