Collaborative Content Development
by
Ajazur Rahman
DRTC, ISI, B’lore
[email protected]
(26th Feb 2009)
Outline of talk
• What is Collaboration & CCD?
• Areas of collaboration on the web
 Online encyclopedia
 Learning Management System
• Application of CCD in Libraries
• Issues and Challenges
•
Conclusion
What is collaboration?
• People interacting with other individuals, teams, ideas and
information to create and deliver value.
• Collaboration requires everyone working together toward a common
goal – unified content
• Great discoveries and improvements invariably involve the cooperation of many minds. (Alexander Graham Bell)
• Working jointly with others
Contd..
• Collaborative models
• Partnership
• Outsourcing
• Strategic alliance
• Skill sharing
• Team work
• Networks
• Digital consortium (Largest & complex
collaboration)
What is CCD?
• CCD is web-based collective action by a group of people for
developing a helpful content.
• Collaborative content applications are providing new means for selfexpression, individual creativity and development.
• Application of CCD implemented in the field of web-based
information only after the existence of web 2.0
Difference b/w web-based & printed
collaboration
Web-based
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Collaborative content
Editable
Availability 24x7
Group thought
Global level
Impartiality
Easy to convey
Printed
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Collaborative discussion
Not editable
Availability (certain time)
Individual thought (some extent)
Regional level
Partiality
Difficult to convey
Web 2.0 internet based services
• Social networking sites
– YouTube
– My space video
– Flickr
– Orkut
– Webshots
– Yahoophotos, etc.
• Wikis (Wikipedia, Scholarpedia, Wiktionary, Wikimapia etc.)
• Communication tools ( IM, Conferencing tools, videos etc.)
• Folksonomies
Areas of collaboration on the web
• Online encyclopedia
• Learning Management System
• Collaborative Portals
• Community Information System
• Content Management System
•
Project management
Wikipedia
• Wikipedia is a collaborative content initiative that aims to create
freely available information resources.
• Anyone can create, modify, enhance, delete and discuss existing
or new content, but only a small number of administrators have
higher level management rights for the content and the power to
solve disputes and lock pages.
• Supported by Wikimedia Foundation which is free multilingual
encyclopedia project.
• Launched in January 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.
Contd..
• June 2008 survey shows that Wikipedia had 253 different
language version, of which 236 are active.
• The English Wikipedia is the largest online encyclopedia with
over 2,397,000 articles.
• Alexa.com suggests in August 2008 that Wikipedia reached
9.2% of the global internet audience.
• Wikipedias have 9.5 million registered users.
Coverage
Users participation
•
•
•
•
•
US
Japan
Germany
India
UK
(26%)
(11%)
(8%)
(5%)
(4%)
Language coverage
• English version (52%)
• Spanish version (19%)
• French version
(5%)
Wikipedia article development
Scholarpedia
• Scholarpedia is the free peer reviewed encyclopedia written by
scholars from all around the world.
•
It is an English-language online wiki-based encyclopedia.
• Only registered users can edit an article, and those edits are subject
to approval by the curator of the article, who is typically the author.
• The project was created in February 2006 by Eugene M. Izhikevich, a
researcher at the Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, California.
Wiktionary
• Wiktionary is a sister project of wikimedia foundation.
• Wiktionary is a collaborative project to produce a free-content
multilingual dictionary.
• Wiktionary includes a thesaurus, a rhyme guide, phrase books,
etymologies, pronunciations, sample quotations, synonyms,
acronyms, antonyms and translations etc.
• Covers 68 languages, biasness free
• Entries may include text, images, sounds etc
• Regional terms coverage
Learning Management System
• A Learning Management System (LMS) is a set of software tools
designed to manage user learning interventions.
• An LMS is usually a database driven, dynamic website that provides
students and teachers an environment where testing and reporting can
be made.
• An LMS include course catalogs, registration, tracking etc.
• It distribute courses over the Internet and offering features for online
collaboration.
ThinkQuest
• ThinkQuest is an international website building competition sponsored
by the Oracle Education Foundation. Founded by Allan H. Weis in 1996.
• It is a collaboratively learning platform where teachers and students
create learning projects and participate in a website competition.
• ThinkQuest is a medium of development of collaboratively creative and
innovative websites.
• For creating a websites it select a Student teams, consisting of 3 to 6
students and a Coach.
Process of website creation
1. Enroll:
- Only a librarian, teacher or school administrator can
enroll as a coach through online application.
- After submission the application ThinkQuest team review
the application and verify that the school is accredited or not.
- Finally the school contact is now ready to create projects and join
the competition.
2. Assemble a team:
- All teams need a Coach (teacher), assistant coach
(additional) and 3-6 students.
- There should be 3 age groups: 19 & Under, 15 & Under, and 12 &
Under.
Contd..
- Extra points will be awarded to teams that have members from
different countries, cultures, and backgrounds.
3. Build a website:
- Coaches choose a topic, assemble a team, and build a website.
- These websites are published in the ThinkQuest Library, a public
presentation of competing websites.
4. Win prize:
- Prizes for ThinkQuest competition winners may include a trip to
ThinkQuest Live in San Francisco, laptop computers, digital
cameras, and school monetary grants.
Areas of subjects
•
ThinQuest has categorized into 12 different fields to develop a
website. These are…
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Arts & Entertainment
Books & Literature
Business & Industry
Computers & the Internet
Geography & Travel
Health & Safety
History & Government
Math
Philosophy, Religion & Mythology
Science & Technology
Social Science & Culture
Sports and recreation
Evaluation criteria of ThinkQuest websites
• Content: Website expertly explores the chosen topic, evidenced by
depth of information, supporting details and a variety of sources. All
content should be accurate and current.
• Writing & Organization: Content should be written in English using
correct grammar, punctuation and spelling. Writing should be concise
and easy to understand.
• Originality: Website should be creative and original in its approach to
presenting the topic. The majority of written content should not be
paraphrased or copied from outside sources.
• Educational Relevance: All content (written, media elements) should
be educational and informative and should be written and organized for
a student audience.
Contd..
• Global Impact:- Website should intentionally raise awareness,
presents action steps, and effectively engages others in addressing the
issue and making a difference.
• Collaboration:- Site Profile and website should include a candid
narrative on how the team worked together to create the website,
divide tasks, share responsibilities, and overcome challenges.
• Team Diversity:- Student team members come from multiple
socioeconomic backgrounds, cultural groups, or have overcome other
challenges to participate so Site Profile and website should explain how
the team is diverse.
• Website Structure, Appearance, and Function:- The site’s design
and layout make it easy to use. Every page should be visually well
organized. Colors, fonts, and overall layout should be creative, artistic
and consistent across the website.
Sakai
• Sakai is a community of academic institutions, commercial organizations
and individuals who work together to develop a common Collaboration
and Learning Environment (CLE).
• CLE is a free and open source product that is built and maintained by the
Sakai community.
• It is a powerful and flexible solution that supports teaching and learning
along with research and administrative collaboration.
• It is an active community of educational institutions working together to
solve common problems and share best practices.
CCD as library perspective
• Summary creation or abstract
• Review or critical notes
• Tagging (subject Indexing)
 Through a digital library
 Online web opac
• Glossary (using wiki tools to index a technical terms or jargons)
• Weblogs and wiki
• User rating
• Library consortium
Issues & challenges of CCD
1. Quality of content:
-- Information accuracy and reliability
-- Production quality
--
--
Legal and personal misuse
(infringements of copyrights and moral rights)
Infringing usage of content
Contd..
2. Risk of Digital Divide:
-- Internet usage divide
-- Internet skills divide
-- Advanced digital competence
3. Privacy & security
4. Internet security threats
5. Challenges for organizations (question of productivity)
Conclusion
• The key feature of collaborative content is that it is created, reviewed,
refined, enhanced and shared by interactions and contributions by a
number of people.
• Collaborative content, created with web2.0 technologies, is part of the
social computing phenomenon .
• Finally, CCD is completely based on web only after the existence of web
2.0
References
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinkQuest
• http://www.thinkquest.org/en/
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_management_software
• http://sakaiproject.org/portal
• http://www.ohloh.net/p/3551
• JRC Scientific and Technical Reports by Kirsti Ala-Mukta, (pdf)
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