TEST Review!
Latin America: Ch. 9-11
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1. What is the capital city of
1. Mexico City
2. In overall land area, which country
is the largest in Latin America?
2. Brazil
3. Which country connects Central
America to South America?
3. Panama
4. ____________is the dominant
language of Brazil.
4. Portuguese
5. Why is Spanish the dominant
language of Latin America?
5. Most of it was settled by
Spanish-speaking peoples who
then became the ruling class.
6. Why are most people of Latin
America Catholic?
6. Latin America was colonized
by European countries who
brought Catholic priests to
convert native peoples
7. Coastal areas of Latin America are
densely populated: what about the
physical geography of the region
created this pattern?
7. Most of Latin America is very
mountainous – the coastal areas
were easiest to settle
8. In what mountain range did
the Inca live?
8. The Andes Mountains
9. What are the three major river
systems in South America?
9. Orinoco, Amazon & Parana
10. What are the llanos?
10. Grassy, treeless areas used
for livestock grazing and farming
in Colombia & Venezuela
11. Is the cerrado suitable for
farming? Why or why not?
11. Yes – it is a savanna
grassland with fertile soil and
suitable rainfall
12. Why are countries of Central
America and the Caribbean less
dependent on river systems than
South American countries?
12. There are no extensive river
systems in this region and the
countries there are surrounded
by water
13. Three major island groups
that make up the Caribbean:
13. Greater Antilles, Lesser
Antilles, and the Bahamas
14. Where would you be most
safe from the wind, on the
Windward or Leeward Islands?
14. Leeward Islands since they
receive less wind
15. What are the types of
resources found in Latin
15. Mineral, energy, agricultural
and timber resources
16. What Latin American
country generates the most
hydroelectric power and why?
16. Brazil – because of its
hundreds of rivers
17. Why is the region called
“Latin America”?
17. Most people in the region
speak languages that are
derived from Latin (Spanish
& Portuguese)
18. How does the global price of
oil affect the economy of Mexico?
18. When world oil prices are
high, the Mexican economy
benefits, when the prices drop,
it suffers
19. What sort of vegetation is
common in parts of Latin
America with a tropical wet
19. Rain forests
20. Define a rain forest:
20. Dense forests made up of
different species of trees
21. What makes up an
21. A community of plants and
animals living in balance
22. What countries have
22. Brazil, Colombia &
22. How much land is currently
covered by Amazon rain forest?
22. More than two million
square miles
23. What is a semiarid climate?
23. Generally dry, with some
24. Which countries have
regions of semiarid climate?
24. Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay &
25. What vegetation is found in
the Amazon River basin?
25. rain forest
26. How does elevation affect
the growing of crops and the
grazing of livestock?
26. Only certain crops and
livestock can be farmed at
various elevations, especially in
the Andes
27. When farmers cut trees,
brush, & grasses and burn the
debris this is called
27. slash-and-burn
28. Factors that cause people to
leave rural areas are
28. push
29. Factors that cause people to
move toward cities are
29. pull
30. To grow crops in the Andes
Mountains, native peoples use
what farming technique?
30. terraced farming
31. What are the most
urbanized countries in South
31. Argentina, Chile & Uruguay
32. What factors tend to push
people into the cities from
their farms?
32. Poor medical care, poor
education, low-paying jobs,
ownership of land by a few rich
33. What are two disadvantages
of tourism as an economic
33. congestion and pollution
34. What does infrastructure
34. power, communications,
transportation, water, sanitation
and education systems
35. What are the two main
purposes for plains and
grasslands in Latin America?
35. Growing crops & grazing
36. What was the affect of the
Spanish conquest of Mexico
(1519-1521) on the life native
36. It tore apart the rich fabric
of native culture: everything was
37. How might Mexico be
different if the Spanish had
never conquered it?
37. Native cultures would
dominate Mexico today
38. Which former Aztec city is
now the site of Mexico City?
38. Tenochtitlán
39. Why are Mexicans moving
to cities?
39. For job opportunities and a
better life
40. What political party came
into being in Mexico in 1929?
40. PRI/Institutional
Revolutionary Party
41. What is the most important
part of the Mexican economy
41. manufacturing
42. Define: mestizo -
42. Someone of mixed Native
American and Spanish ancestry
43. Factories in Mexico that
assemble products that are then
exported, mostly to the United
States, are called__________.
43. maquiladoras
44. Why is Central America
considered a cultural hearth?
44. It is a place where the Mayan
culture originated and it spread
to other places
45. What trade agreement
between the U.S., Canada &
Mexico had brought many jobs
to Mexico?
46. What brought about the
United Provinces of Central
46. Central America declared its
independence from Mexico in
47. Who replaced the original
inhabitants of Central America
as workers on plantations?
47. African slaves
48. Mexico is built on the ruins
of which civilization and who
brought an end to that
48. Aztec/ the Spanish under
the leadership of Hernan Cortes
50. Why is the Panama Canal
50. It connects the Atlantic &
Pacific oceans and makes
Panama a crossroads of world
51. Name two types of music that
have developed in the Caribbean
and their countries of origin:
51. calypso – Trinidad
reggae – Jamaica
52. What do we call the
economy that takes place outside
official channels?
52. informal economy
53. What great civilization arose
in the Andes Mountains of Peru?
53. Inca
54. What is one lasting cultural
legacy of the Inca?
54. Quechua, the language of
the Inca, is still spoken by
55. Spanish colonialism created
strong ___________ and weak
__________ undermined
by social divisions between
______ & poor in South
55. militaries/economies/rich
56. Which nation is South
America’s greatest economic
success story?
56. Chile
57. What natural resource is
most valuable to Venezuela &
57. oil resources
58. Who was Francisco Pizarro?
58. Spanish commander who led
the invasion and conquering
of the Inca
59. Name the two great leaders
of independence in South
59. Simón Bolívar & José de San
60. Is the literacy higher or
lower in South America than in
other parts of Latin America?
60. higher
61. Why is a high literacy rate
important in a country?
61. It shows that people are
educated and can get better jobs
62. Which Treaty gave Portugal
control of the land that became
present-day Brazil?
62. Treaty of Tordesillas
63. What are favelas?
63. Desperately poor slums in
Rio and other Brazilian cities
64. Who was Dom Pedro?
64. son of Portugal’s king who
declared Brazil’s independence
in 1822 and then ruled the
65. What causes social problems
such as drug abuse and crime in
cities such as Rio de Janeiro?
65. high poverty & the large
income gap
66. Designed by Oscar
Niemeyer, what is Brasil’s
futuristic capital city & why was
it located there?
66. Brasilia; its located in the
interior to relieve the
overcrowding in Rio de Janeiro
67. ______________ is the
cultural center of Brazil.
67. Rio de Janeiro
68. What has made Brazil an
industrial power?
68. natural resources: minerals,
gold, silver, rivers for
electricity, oil & natural gas
69. How is Brazil able to
produce so much electricity?
69. It has numerous rivers
70. What is the samba?
is capeira?
70. A Brazilian dance/ a martial
art and dance – both have
African influences
71. What are the primary
language and religion of Brazil?
71. Portuguese/ Catholicism
72. The rain forest has a wide
range of plant and animal
species, or_______________
72. biodiversity
73. Government by the few is
known as an______________
73. oligarchy
74. A harsh military government
is known as a________in Latin
74. junta
75. The process of breaking up
large landholdings and giving
portions of the land to land-poor
peasant farmers is known
75. land reform

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