WHY?
The holiday, El
Cinco de Mayo,
the 5 of May,
¿POR
commemorates
the victory of the
Mexicans over
the French army
at the Battle of
Puebla.
QUÉ?
What happened with the
French?
¿Qué pasó con los franceses?
• Mexico owed France, Spain and England a
lot of money.
• France wanted to add to its empire and
used the debt issue to try and take over
Mexico without the support of Spain and
England.
• When Mexico stopped making loan
payments, France tried installing
Archduke Maximilian of Austria as ruler.
Presidente Benito Juárez
commanded
General Ignacio Zaragoza
to block the advance of the
French Army
The poorly armed
Mexican militia
of 4,500 men
were able to stop
and defeat the
well outfitted
French army of
7,000 soldiers.
The Mexicans won the battle at
Puebla, but not the war.
 The President of France, Napoleon III,
sent 30,000 troops to invade Mexico
again.
 The French took Mexico City over and
installed Maximilian as the ruler of
Mexico.
 The U.S then provided political and
military assistance to Mexico.
 The French were expelled and
Maximilian was executed
Despite the French invasion of Mexico
City,
honors the bravery and victory of
General Zaragoza’s small,
outnumbered army at the Battle of
Puebla.
• El Cinco de Mayo is a holiday
celebrated in the U.S. by MexicanAmericans, mostly in California,
Arizona, New Mexico and Texas.
• The holiday is recognized throughout
Mexico, but it’s nothing like the
celebration found in Puebla.
WORKS CITED
1) http://www.mexonline.com/cinco.htm
2) http://www.nacnet.org/assunta/spa5may.htm
3) http://www.vivacincodemayo.org/history.htm
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Cinco de Mayo