Capítulo 1A
Saying what is
happening:
The Present
Progressive Tense
Review
Present Participle
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The present participle is the –ing
form of the verb.
It is formed by removing the
infinitive ending of the verb:
hablar > hablcomer > comvivir > viv-
Present Participles
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-ar verbs: hablar – hablando = speaking
-er verbs: comer – comiendo = eating
-ir verbs: vivir – viviendo = living
* There are only 2 endings: -ando and iendo
( -er and –ir verbs are alike)
Give the present
participles for the
following infinitives
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pensar
pensando
thinking
buscar
buscando
looking for
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salir
saliendo
leaving / going out
poner
poniendo
putting
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dibujar
dibujando
drawing
ver
viendo
seeing
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alquilar
alquilando
renting
escribir
escribiendo
writing
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nadar
nadando
swimming
comprender
comprendiendo
understanding
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jugar
jugando
playing
tocar
tocando
playing
Irregular Present
Participles
The following verbs have
an irregularity in the
formation of the present
participle
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dormir
durmiendo
sleeping
poder
pudiendo
being able
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preferir
prefiriendo
prefering
sentir
sintiendo
feeling/regretting
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venir
viniendo
coming
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leer
leiendo – incorrect
leyendo – correct
reading
oir
oyendo
hearing
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ir
yendo
going
Give the Irregular present
participles for each
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dormir
durmiendo
sleeping
sentir
sintiendo
feeling, regretting
Irregular present
participles
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decir
diciendo
saying, telling
leer
leyendo
reading
Irregular present
participles
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oír
oyendo
hearing
poder
pudiendo
being able
Irregular present
participles
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traer
trayendo
bringing
venir
viniendo
coming
You can identify an
irregular present participle
in the dictionary:
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Example: dormir(ue,u)
The second vowel in the parenthesis
indicates the irregularity.
* durmiendo
But you cannot use a
present participle alone in
a sentence.
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Yo jugando al béisbol
I playing baseball. - Incorrect
You need a helping verb.
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I am playing baseball
This is called the present progressive
tense.
It expresses action in progress presently or
actions going on right now.
But how are we going to express am in the
above sentence?
Present Progressive Tense =
Estar + Present Participle
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Estoy –
Estás –
are
Está –
I am
You
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He is
She is
You are
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Estamos – We
are
Estáis - You are
Están - They/You
are
+
Present Participle – alquilar – alquilando (renting)
(-ing)
leer - leyendo (reading)
decir – diciendo (saying)
Put it together:
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Estoy dibujando
I am drawing
Estás comiendo
You are eating
Está saliendo
 He, she, is leaving
or you (polite) are leaving
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Estamos oyendo
We are hearing
Estáis poniendo
You are putting
Están viviendo
They / you are living
Give the correct present
progressive tense for each
verb
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Vivir (yo)
Estoy viviendo
I am living
Comer (nosotros)
Estamos comiendo
We are eating
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Venir (ella)
Está viniendo
She is coming
Comer (tú)
Estás comiendo
You are eating
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traer (Uds)
Están trayendo
You are bringing
Estudiar (vosotros)
Estáis estudiando
You are studying
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Bailar (Juanita)
Está bailando
Juanita is dancing
Sentir (Los muchachos)
Están sintiendo
The boys are feeling
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Cantar (el profesor)
Está cantando
The teacher is singing
Vivir (Uds.)
Están viviendo
You are living
Part II – Using the present
progressive tense with
direct object pronouns
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These direct object pronouns may
be attached on to the present
participle:
lo – him, it
la – her, it
los – them
las – them
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I am renting it.
Estoy alquilándolo.
or Lo estoy alquilando
He is reading them
El está leyéndolos.
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They are writing it.
Están escribiéndolo
We are helping them.
Estamos ayudándolas.
She is watching it.
Está mirándolo.
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You are studing them.
Estás estudiándolos.
Juan is buying it.
Juan está comprándola.
You all are seeing it.
Están/Estáis viéndolo.
¿Tienen preguntas?
Buena suerte clase.
Adios.
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1A - Progresivo Presente Repaso