Caught in the act: The Present
Progressive
The present progressive is used
when the action is happening
RIGHT NOW.
Present Progressive is the
equivalent of the English –ING.
It will be used with a helping verb:
AM ARE IS
Present Progressive is different
than present tense:
Present Tense:
happening in general
Present Progressive:
happening right now
(at this moment)
Estudio inglés.
I am studying English.
(It’s in my schedule
this year.)
Estoy estudiando
inglés.
I am studying English.
(Studying right now
for a test tomorrow.)
En la foto, los perros están jugando con el dinosaurio
The dogs are playing with the dinosaur (right now).
La chica está sacando fotos.
The girl is taking pictures (right now).
El hombre está
leyendo las
instrucciones.
The man is reading
the instructions (right
now).
Did you notice that in both the
English and Spanish examples
there were TWO verbs?
Don’t forget – the progressive
tense uses a helping verb
(am/are/is) plus a present
participle.
TO FORM THE PRESENT
PROGRESSIVE, CONJUGATE ESTAR IN
THE PRESENT TENSE AND ADD A
PRESENT PARTICIPLE:
ESTAR
Estoy Estamos
Estás Estáis
Está
Están
PRESENT PARTICIPLE
-ANDO
(for –AR verbs)
+ -IENDO
(for –ER/-IR verbs)
Give the present progressive forms of the
following verbs:
BAILAR
ESCUCHAR
CORRER
APRENDER
DECIDIR
BAILANDO
ESCUCHANDO
CORRIENDO
APRENDIENDO
DECIDIENDO
DANCING
LISTENING
RUNNING
LEARNING
DECIDING
There are some problematic
present participles that you
worked with in level 2.
They fall into two categories.
Stem-changing -IR verbs continue to
stem-change in the participle form:
(and this applies to ONLY –IR stem-changers)
O > UE stem-changers change O > U
E > IE and E > I stem-changers change E > I
• Venir (ie, i)
• Divertir (ie, i)
• Morir (ue, u)
• Vestir (ie, i)
• Dormir (ue, u)
• viniendo
• divirtiendo
• muriendo
• visitendo
• durmiendo
-ER and –IR verbs whose stem ends in a vowel
will also have a spelling change.
The vowel from the end of the stem and the “IE”
from the ending –IENDO form a tripthong, which
are problematic in Spanish.
Therefore, the “I” that sits between the
vowels changes to “Y”.
• Traer
• Leer
• Creer
• Traiendo
Trayendo
• Leiendo
Leyendo
• Creiendo
Creyendo
Other verbs that have this spelling change include: oír,
destruir, and caer.
Describe what people are doing:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Yo estoy descansado…
Nosotros estamos escribiendo…
Felipe está leyendo…
Raquel y Tomás están sacando…
El Sr. Velázquez está repitiendo…
Tú estás mirando…
Mi madre está pidiendo…
So… what do you remember?
1. When you do use the present progressive?
When you want to say what is happening right now.
2. How do you form the present progressive?
Conjugate ESTAR in present tense and add a present
participle.
3. What is the participle ending for –AR verbs? For
–ER/-IR verbs?
-ANDO and -IENDO
4. What type of infinitive has a stem-changing
participle?
A stem-changing –IR verb
5. Give an example of a participle that ends in –YENDO.
LEYENDO, CREYENDO, OYENDO, TRAYENDO,
DESTRUYENDO and CAYENDO
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Caught in the act: The Present Progressive