The Present
Progressive
Tense
Page 308
Realidades 1
Present Progressive
We use the present tense
to talk about an action that
always or often takes place
or that are happening now.
Present Tense
Ellos comen ensaladas.
They eat salads.
They are eating salads.
Present Progressive
To stress that an action is
happening right now, you
use the present
progressive tense.
The Importance of Estar
Because this is something
that is happening NOW, in
this instant, and could
change at any moment,
we use ESTAR.
Estar
Estoy
Estamos
Estás
Estáis
Está
Están
YOU MUST INCLUDE
ESTAR IN ORDER TO
FORM THE PRESENT
PROGRESSIVE!
Present Progressive
están comiendo
Present
tense form
of “estar”
Present
participle
Now we need to create the
present participle.
1. Take the verb.
2. Drop the ending (-ar, -er, -ir)
3. Add the appropriate ending to the
stem.
- ar = ando
- er/-ir = iendo
Present Participle
comiendo
Stem of
comer
-er present
participle
ending
Practice forming the
present particple
comer
hacer
tocar
escribir
jugar
estudiar
comiendo
haciendo
tocando
escribiendo
jugando
estudiando
Practice writing
sentences.
1. I am washing the dishes.
Estoy lavando los platos.
2. They are listening to music.
Ellos están escuchando música.
Practice writing
sentences.
3. We are vacuuming the basement.
Estamos pasando la aspiradora en el
sótano.
4. She is playing the piano.
Ella está tocando el piano.
Practice writing
sentences.
5. What are you doing?
¿Qué estás haciendo?
6. You (formal/plural) are playing
soccer.
Están jugando al fútbol.
Irregular forms of the
present participle.
The present participle of –ir stem
changing verbs will also have a
stem change.
You already know –ir stem
changers like dormir which
changes o to ue and pedir
which changes e to i.
Present particples &
irregular stem-changers
In the present participle the following stem
changes occur for –ir stem changers.
e changes to i
o changes to u
Irregular –ir stem
changers
Dormir – o to ue (in the present tense)
ej. Marta duerme ocho horas.
Dormir – o to u ( present participle)
ej. Marta está durmiendo en su cama.
Irregular –ir stem
changers
pedir – (e to i) in the present tense
Elena pide las papas fritas.
Pedir (e to i) present participle
Elena está pidiendo las papas fritas.
More irregulars
In the following –er verbs, the i of iendo
changes to y.
creer = creyendo
leer = leyendo
traer = trayendo
Examples:
Decir = diciendo
Pedir = pidiendo
repetir = repitiendo
seguir = siguiendo
servir = sirviendo
vestir = vistiendo
dormir = durmiendo
Complete the sentences.
1. está comiendo
2. están jugando
3. estamos corriendo
4. está vistiendo
5. está durmiendo
6. estamos siguiendo
7. estoy leyendo
8. estás pidiendo
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