Present Progressive:
narrates an action in progress uses the
present tense of estar and the present
participle of the main verb
The present participle of regular –ar,-er,
and –ir verbs is formed as follows:
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bailar: bail + ando= bailando
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comer: com + iendo= comiendo
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aplaudir: aplaud + iendo=
aplaudiendo
Stem-changing –ir verbs change their
stem vowel in the present participle
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Decir ----------------- diciendo
Dormir --------------- durmiendo
Mentir ---------------- mintiendo
Morir ------------------ muriendo
Pedir ------------------ pidiendo
Sentir ----------------- sintiendo
Sugerir -------------- sugiriendo
Irregular present participles
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Ir -------------- yendo (rarely used)
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Poder ----------- pudiendo (rarely used)
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Reír ------------- riendo
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Sonreír ------------ sonriendo
When a stem of an –er or –ir verb ends in
a vowel, the –i of the present participle is
changed to a -y

Construir -------------- construyendo
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Leer -------------------- leyendo
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Oír --------------------- oyendo
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Traer ------------------ trayendo
Other verbs that use the present
participle: express various shades of
progression
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Seguir: to keep doing something- Emilio sigue trabajando.: Emilio
keeps working.
Ir: indicates a gradual or repeated process (more and more)- Cada
día, voy amando a mi novia. I am loving my girlfriend more and
more each day.
Venir: indicates a gradual action that accumulates or increases over
time- Lo vengo estudiando desde la semana pasada. I have been
studying it since last week.
Andar: conveys the idea of going around doing something or of always
doing something.- Ramon anda diciendo mentiras: Ramon is going
around telling lies.
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Present Progressive: