The Present Progressive
LEARN HOW TO SAY WHAT IS HAPPENING
RIGHT NOW
Purpose: to say what is happening right now
 To form the present progressive, use a
CONJUGATED form of “estar” (andar, ir, seguir,
venir) with the present participle.
 Form the present participle by replacing the
“ar/er/ir” ending with:
-ando
(-ar verbs)
-iendo (er/ir verbs)
Examples
1st step: Determine your subject and conjugate estar to say
“is”
The chicken is:
El pollo está
2nd step: Determine the verb (the thing that is happening
right now)
volar (to fly)
3rd step: add present participle ending:
volar  vol  volando
Tadaaa!
The chicken is flying
 El pollo está volando.
Present progressive
Let’s practice
 Kathy will be cleaning. (limpiar)

Kathy estará limpiando.
 Jerry was studying. (estudiar)

Jerry estaba estudiando.
 Hannah is singing. (cantar)

Hannah está cantando.
More practice
 We were washing the car.

Nosotros estábamos lavando el carro.
 They will be talking.

Ellos estarán hablando.
 You are working too much (demasiado).

Tú estás trabajando demasiado.
If you have a vowel left after
dropping the –er/-ir ending
WHEN THE STEM OF AN –ER / -IR VERB ENDS IN
VOWEL:
LEER  LE
OÍR  O
TRAER  TRA
You cannot add “iendo”
INSTEAD ADD “YENDO”
LEER  LE  LEYENDO
OÍR  O  OYENDO
TRAER  TRA  TRAYENDO
“MI ABUELA ESTÁ LEYENDO”
Watch out for…
REIR  RIENDO
SONREIR  SONRIENDO
“MI ABUELA ESTÁ SONRIENDO”
Only do stem-change in “IR” verbs
 Present Tense changes
 Present Progressive
 Dormir (ue)
 OU
 Pedir (i)
 EI
 Servir (i)
 Venir (ie)
 Juan está durmiendo
 *DO change in nosotros
too!!!! *
Practice
 El gato/dormir
 El perro/comer
 Nosotros/leer
 Ellos/servir la comida
 Yo/estudiar
 Mi profesora/escribir
 Juan/leer el libro
 Mi amiga/dormir en la clase
 Mis vecinos (neighbors)/tener una fiesta
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The Present Progressive