Universal Design
Promoting Academic Success
for All Learners
10/3/2015
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WHY?
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Recent mandates (NCLB &IDEA 2004)
require accountability for providing all
students with access to the general
education curriculum. This presentation
was developed to help educators
understand the principals of Universal
Design and Differentiated Instruction as
tools to meet the needs of individual
students.
Presenters: Karin Rasmussen ATECH
consultant for the Northwest Kansas
Educational Service Center, Katherine
Kersenbrock-Ostmeyer Director of
Special Education for the Northwest
Kansas Educational Service Center,
and Dan Thornton Executive Director of
the Northwest Kansas Educational
Service Center
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Topics and Issues
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Legal responsibilities
What UD is and is not
Differentiated Instruction
Brain Research
Ideas Strategies and Resources
that support unique learners
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Mandates
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No Child Left Behind and The Individuals
with Disabilities Act (2004) both require
students demonstrate adequate yearly
progress.
Additionally the IDEA requires that
students with disabilities be educated in
a least restrictive environment to the
maximum extent appropriate.
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Universal Design
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Universal Design (UD) developed out
of the field of architectural design
UD in Learning deals with the idea
that education in general should be
designed for access by all students.
UD is a frame of mind that supports
design to make education work.
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Accessibility issues
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Universal Design for Learning
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Does NOT mean lowering standards
DOES mean flexibility in providing
alternatives in methods, materials, and
delivery of instruction.
Does mean allowing options in student
responses (how students demonstrate
knowledge)
DOES mean providing individualized
alternatives
ALL WITHIN THE GENERAL
CURRICULUM.
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A clear case has been
made for new technologies
in the classroom to ensure
academic success for all
students
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There is nothing fair or
more unequal than the
equal treatment of
students who have
unequal needs.
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English Language Learners
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ELL school aged population has grown
more than 169% from 1979 to 2003 (vs.
12% general growth)
ELL is projected to make up 30% of the
school population by 2015
Over 400 various home languages are
represented in ELL populations
Spanish makes up approximately 70% of
the ELL population
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What is Differentiation?
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Teacher response to student needs
An understanding that students vary in
knowledge, experiences, and
preferences
Instruction that matches student needs
and interests
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Differentiated Instruction
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Allows educators to respond to those individual
learners’ needs by changing the pace, level, and
kind of instruction we provide.
Teachers Can Differentiate
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Key elements Include:
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Content, Process, Product
Compacting Curriculum
Tiered Assignments
Work Stations and Learning Centers
Flexible Grouping to personalize learning activities
Individualized instruction
Independent study
Learning Contracts
Choice Boards
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Brain Based Research
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In the last 20 years we have learned more about the
brain and how it works than in all previous recoded
history
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Positron-emission tomography (PET) detects brain activity
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can take pictures of
the brain 50 milliseconds apart
Functional MRI also measure brain response to different
stimuli
Magnetoencephalography a very sophisticated EEG we
can see which parts of the brain are involved in various
tasks.
Implications for Teaching
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Teachers try to change the human brain every day. The
more they know about how it learns, the more successful
they can be.
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Universal Design and the Link
to Brain Research
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Mild to Moderate brain differences affect the way we
learn. Built in flexibility in the design of curriculum,
instructional materials, and acceptable student
response is paramount to quality education
This relatively new knowledge of the way human brains
function substantiates what many excellent educators
have known for decades; that allowing for learner
differences does not give students an unfair advantage,
a “crutch”, but gives teachers the opening to “level the
playing field” of education so that all students have the
best opportunity to learn that we as a society can offer.
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You need not go it alone! !
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Resources are available
One step at a time. Educators
may feel overwhelmed with the
information presented---however
the introduction of one or two ideas
to start with can help pave the way
for future success.
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Let’s get started!!
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Now that you have an overview of UD/DI
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It’s time to begin
Karin will demonstrate a few high tech
and low tech tools you can use
A resource list of books, web sites, and
contacts is provided
And most importantly--the knowledge that
you can and should feel free to utilize
flexible approaches to education ALL
students.
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http://www.readplease.com
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Cut and paste any text
into the free windows
program
Allows for changes in
voices, color, size, speed,
For a fee, readpleaseplus
offers web, e-mail and
other language options
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http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov
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Speaks,
music/songs,
video’s,
translation,
print version,
different levels
teacher center with
activities.
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http://www.windows.ucar.edu
Windows to the Universe offers:
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3 reading levels – beginner,
intermediate, advance,
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Spanish/English translation.
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Definitions,
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Games
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Classroom activities.
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Focuses on earth and space
sciences.
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http://www.starfall.com/
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Starfall is a Learn to Read free web site
designed for pre-k to second grade.
Based on research by the National
Institute of Child Health and Human
Development about how children read.
Child’s voice speaks.
Many free printable for parents and
teachers.
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http://www.42explore.com/
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A thematic pathfinder for all ages who need a starting point
for a project.
Provides 4 web sites to explore for each topic with
information, definitions, links and other resources and
activities.
Each topic includes a basic introduction in two formats:
easier or harder as it refers to the reading vocabulary lever.
Additional websites for kids and teachers
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http://bensguide.gpo.gov/
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This site provides learning tools for
K-12 students, parents, and
teachers.
These resources will teach how our
government works.
Offers 4 reading levels plus and a
parent/teacher category.
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http://babelfish.altavista.com/
Babel Fish Translation
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Translates short pages of text
Translates entire websites
Type text into box or copy and
paste text into box
19 pairs of languages.
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http://www.sparknotes.com
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Geared toward high school and college
students.
Similar to cliff notes.
Quizzes with mult.choice answers.
Study guides with answers.
Offers original text and modern text.
Many distracters Ads.
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www.brainpopjr.com/
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Under construction so no fee
yet!
Great science, health, writing,
reading, social studies, and
math videos.
Extended activates
Two levels of quizzes.
Text is read by a young voice.
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http://arcademic.altec.org/ga
mes.htm
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ARCADEMIC SKILL BUILDERS are online with
downloadable games that offer a powerful approach to
learning basic math, language arts, vocabulary and thinking
skills.
The software, developed by Educational Information
Systems, Inc., was inspired by the then emerging arcade
games and the intense engagement they fostered between
the game and the player.
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http://www.childrenslibrary.org
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The International Children's Digital Library
Foundation is the world's largest online
multicultural repository of children's
literature.
It offers free access to exemplary works
from more than 42 countries.
The online library can be accessed for free
in 11 languages.
Picture books of all interest and reading
levels.
Pages turned by mouse click.
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http://www.lib.umn.edu/help/
calculator
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A tool for high school or collage students who have
difficulty planning/organizing tasks associated with a
research project.
Pick beginning and due date with a topic.
A tool to provide daily manageable tasks with tips on
how to complete the tasks.
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http://www.ri.net/schools/East
_Greenwich/research.html
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Created by a librarian from Rhode
Island offering step by step
guidance and resources
Basic steps to get started
Organization straggles
Online Reference tools
On live liberties
Presentations tips
Evaluations your work
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http://coe.jmu.edu/Learningtoolbo
x/
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The Learning Tool Box is designed for high school and college
students with mild disabilities, teachers and parents.
It provides tips in organization, test taking, study skills, note taking,
reading, writing, math, advance thinking.
PDF format.
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http://classroom.4tea
chers.org
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Outline Your Classroom Floor
Plan is for students or
teachers to organize a
classroom.
Right click will enlarge the plan
and furniture.
For the visual planner.
4teachrs.org has many great
educator supports
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http://casanotes.4teac
hers.org/
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Casa Notes is designed to allow teachers to quickly
make, and customize, typical notes that are sent home
to parents or given to the students.
Notes include: homework, field trip, parent-teacher
conference, medication, etc.
Notes available in English or in Spanish.
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http://www.readingaz.com/index.php
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Reading A-Z offers thousands of printable teacher materials to teach
guided reading, phonemic awareness, reading comprehension, reading
fluency, alphabet, and vocabulary. The teaching resources include
professionally developed downloadable leveled books, lesson plans,
worksheets, and reading assessments
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http://www.readingaz.com/index.php
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Reading A-Z children's books and lessons
are appropriate for all sorts of reading
programs, including K-6, ESL/ELL, special
education, and remedial reading. The
reading program's downloadable books and
lesson plans are standards based and results
oriented. There is a monthly/ yearly fee
however 30 free book samples printable.
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http://www.edhelper.com/
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Teacher materials for a fee which
covers reading, writing, Language,
foreign language, science, social
studies, math and more k-high
school.
However do a search for free
graphic organizers in PDF format:
http://www.edhelper.com/teachers/graphic_organizers.htm
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http://www.mw.com/downloads/index
.htm
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Merriam-Webster Toolbar/Look up
Button
Free down loads for web browsing
Offers definitions thesaurus,
spelling and more
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http://www.webmath.org/index.
html
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This site is composed of many math "fill-informs" into which you can type the math
problem you're working on. Linked to these
forms is a powerful set of math-solvers, that
can instantly analyze your problem, and
when possible, provide you with a step-bystep solution, instantly!
At Webmath, you don't have to wait for an
email response or use an electronic bulletin
board and hope someone will answer it. You
can get the answer to your math problem
right here, right now!
For All ages and math activities
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http://matti.usu.edu/nlvm/nav/
vlibrary.html
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The National Library of Virtual
Manipulatives is supported by the
National Science Foundation.
Free online virtual math manipulates
to make the abstract concrete
Numbers, algebra, geometry,
measurements, and data analysis
and probability.
K-12 emphasis
English or Spanish Option
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http://www.wested.org/cs/tdl/print
/docs/tdl/home.htm
Using Technology to Support
Diverse Learners
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The purpose of this Web site is to focus on how
technology already in the classroom or school can
support good instruction and research-based
strategies that work.
Differentiated Instruction – which is a teaching
theory based on the idea that instructional
approaches should give students multiple options
for taking in information, making sense of ideas,
expressing what they learn, and accommodating
differences while teaching to students strengths
and knowledge (Tomlinson 2001).
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http://www.wested.org/cs/tdl/print/
docs/tdl/home.htm
Using Technology to Support
Diverse Learners
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This Web site contains links to a slide show, handouts,
and related materials for professional developers
covering:
Digital Text
Audio
Digital Enhancement
Software
Visual
Curricular Supports
Targeted Populations
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Built in software supports
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Microsoft Office Word text speaking options:
 In
windows, with Microsoft Word 2003, go to
tools>speech>speak text.
 On
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a Mac, go to view>toolbars>speech.
Cognitive Rescaling-Use AutoSummarize in
Microsoft Word. Found under tools in the main menu
bar.
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More built in software
supports
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Text to speech in Microsoft Office Excel:
Tools>Speech>Show text to speech toolbar.
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Adobe reader in v. 6: main
menu>view>read out loud.
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Built in computer supports
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Speak text for Mac: system preferences,
speech, text to speech, speak selected text when
short cut key is pressed
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For Mac users, Universal Access is found in
preferences under the blue apple.
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Text Edit – Free on Mac’s. A simple word processor
with spell check and dictionary. Speech option to read
text.
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Accessibility Wizard found in programs
on a Windows computer to assist with
magnifiers, on-screen keyboard, narrator
and manager
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Talking Word Processor for Windows 2000
and XP. A easy to use word processing
program designed to help people who have
difficulty with reading and writing. Down
load off the web.
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