SSC #117 Which one of these is NOT a geographic theme? A) Movement B) Place C) Region D) Location E) No right answer Civil Rights- Guarantees of freedom & equal treatment under the law. *Iran hostage crisis- An Islamic revolution overthrew Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iran’s ruler and a longtime U.S. ally. Anti American protesters swarmed the streets of Tehran. A group of militants seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran, holding 52 Americans hostage for 444 days. Occurred 1979-1980. SSC #118 What type of gov’t does Israel have today? A) Democratic Republic B) Dictatorship C) Parliamentary Democracy D) Absolute Monarchy Developing nation- a country that is poor compared to industrialized nations. Afghanistan- The literacy rate for females in this country is only 13% compared to males at 43%. Many females are not given the same opportunities at education as males. SSC #119 What percentage of world oil reserves does the U.S. and Canada have? A) 64.1% B) 8.2% C) 2.8% D) .28% Exports- Goods shipped out of a country. 327 B.C.- Alexander the Great takes Afghanistan from the Persians. But Alexander barely survives an Afghan warrior’s arrow in the neck, and his empire soon crumbles. SSC #120 What body of water lies between Saudi Arabia and Iran? A) Red Sea B) Persian Gulf C) Caspian Sea D) Mediterranean Sea Articles of Confederation- the document that established the first U.S. government; states were independent units. Burj Khalifa- Is the world’s tallest building standing at 2,722 ft. tall. This building is located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. This building opened 1/4/2010. SSC #121 Which country is NOT located on the Arabian Peninsula? A) Saudi Arabia B) Oman C) Yemen D) Syria Insurgent- Rising in revolt against a government. Africa is the second largest continent in size (about 20% of the world’s land area) as well as second largest continent in population.(about 15% of the world’s people) SSC #122 How many countries in SW Asia begin with the letter “I”? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 Cartel- a group that controls a product’s price and limits competition. Africa consists of 54 independent countries with the newest country occurring in 2011. (South Sudan) SSC #123 Who was the person who found King Tut’s burial tomb? A) Howard Carter B)Howard Smith C) Howard Johnson D) Dwight Howard Confederacy- the 11 states of the South that seceded from the U.S. in 1860-1861. Countries in Africa: Egypt, Sudan, Nigeria, South Africa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Chad, Algeria, Kenya, Ghana and lots more for you to learn in this unit. SSC #124 Tutankhamen used to be the leader of what country? A) Egypt B) Libya C) Morocco D) Cairo Union- the North during the Civil War; also a term for the U.S. Major landforms in Africa- Deserts: Sahara, Kalahari, Namib Rainforests, Mt. Kilimanjaro, Savannas, Mountains: Ahaggar, Atlas, Drakensburg, Ruwenzori, Tibesti SSC #125 What do people in Egypt call their country? A) E-town B) Gift of the Nile C) Egyptian land D) Land of Pyramids Artifact- An object, such as a tool or weapon, that was made by people in the past. Major water sources in Africa: Rivers: Congo, Limpopo, Niger, Nile, Orange, Zambezi Lakes: Albert, Chad, Nyasa, Tanganyika, Victoria SSC #126 What vocabulary word means “west” in Arab? A) Maghreb B) Sahara C) Erg D) Casbah Monotheistic- Believing in only one god *Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya- The reserve is the home to 95 species of mammals, amphibians and other reptiles and 485 species of birds. During the dry season (July to October) it also hosts a major concentration of migratory herbivores including about 250,000 zebra and 1.3 million wildebeest. You would also see these animals on a daily basis as well: gazelle, elephant, topi, buffalo, lion, black rhino, hippo, hyena, giraffe, leopard and mongoose. SSC #127 The word Sahel comes from an Arabic word that means what? A) Border B) Desert C) Drought D)Desertification Pharaoh- a ruler of ancient Egypt; a king Languages- In Africa there are well over 1,000 languages spoken due to the huge number of different ethnic groups. SSC #128 We celebrate St. Patrick’s Day in the U.S. but what country did St. Patrick’s day originate? A) Ireland** B) Germany C) Canada D) France Secular- Not having a religious or spiritual basis. Sahara Desert- Is the largest “hot’’ desert in the world and takes up about 10% of Africa’s land. A desert is classified as receiving less than 10 inches of rain a year. Sahara receives about 3 inches a year. Temperatures can get up to 136 degrees. SSC #129 On what continent are the countries Chad, Sierra Leone, and Liberia? A) North America B) Asia C) Europe D) Africa Contiguous- Connected; Alaska and Hawaii aren’t part of the contiguous U.S. Dance and Music- This is a big part of African culture and they incorporate these into ceremonies and celebrations as part of their daily lives. SSC #130 Which river carries the most water in the world? A) Nile River B) Congo River C) Amazon River D) Ohio River Oregon Trail- the major U.S. route from Missouri to the Pacific Northwest in the 19th century Victoria Falls- Is located on border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. Is one of the seven natural wonders of the world. It is the largest waterfall in the world when combining height and width together. Locals call the falls Mosioa-Tunya meaning “smoke that thunders.” SSC #131 What is the most populated country in Africa? A) Nigeria B) Sudan C) Ethiopia D) Madagascar Renaissance- a period of rebirth or revival. Uganda- Females in Uganda have to bow to males at all times when they see them, even family members. I had an exchange teacher from Uganda in my class and she said her average class size was between 100-150 students per class. SSC #132 How many stitches are on a baseball? A) 68 B) 88 C)108 D) 128 Appeal- To request to have one court’s decision reviewed by a higher court. Nelson Mandela- Born in S. Africa 1918. Mandela and others tried/plotting to overthrow the gov’t. Reason was because of apartheid. Went to trial and was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964. In prison he was recognized as S. Africa’s most significant black leader. Nelson Mandela was released in 1990. In 1994 Mandela was elected S. Africa’s first black president. Mandela died in 2013 at the age of 95. SSC #133 Which one of these is NOT a desert in Africa? A) Sahara B) Namib C) Kalahari D) Zambezi Concentration camp- a prison or place of forced labor; often a general term that includes death camps, where millions of people were killed. The country of Chad has the lowest life expectancy of any country in the world at 49 years old. SSC #134 Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake is NOT bordered by this country. A) Kenya B) Uganda C) Tanzania D) Congo Holocaust- the mass extermination of Jews and others by the Nazis from 1933-1945. South Africa Rhinos- Poachers illegally killed 1,004 rhinos in 2013, compared to 668 last year. Most occurred in Kruger National Park. One reason is people in China and Vietnam have a high demand for their horn. They believe it can cure ills such as cancer, diabetes and hangovers. SSC #135 Mt. Kilimanjaro is located on the border between Tanzania & _____. A) Kenya B) Uganda C) Zaire D) Sudan Anthropologist- A scientist who studies human origins, beliefs, and cultures. The world’s largest diamond mine is the Orapa diamond mine in Botswana. The richest diamond mine in the world is Jwaneng in Botswana also. SSC #136 What was the first country to declare its Independence? A) Ethiopia B) Ghana C) Morocco D) Liberia New World- a term in Europe around the 16th century for unexplored North and South America. Marathon- Ethiopian marathon runners are some of the best in the world and have won numerous titles. SSC #137 Kampala is the capital city of ______. A) Uganda B) Rwanda C) Sudan D) Kenya Swat- mountainous district of NW Pakistan Snakes in Africa: Puff Adder-considered to be Africa's deadliest snake because it is responsible for the most human fatalities. Has large fangs and its venom is powerful enough to kill a grown man with a single bite. Black Mamba- one of Africa's most dangerous snakes. Can strike up to 12 times, each time delivering enough neuro and cardio-toxic venom to kill a dozen men within 1 hour. SSC #138 *Beware of this animal if you are in Africa. It kills more people than any other large animal. A) Hippopotamus B)Hipopotamus C) Hippopotimus D) Hippopotamis Classified- Kept secret Hippopotamus- Male hippos actively defend their territories which run along the banks of rivers and lakes. Hippos can run at speeds over 20mph, but they can’t jump. SSC #139 What is the only continent in the world that is in all four hemispheres? A) N. America B) S. America C) Africa D) Asia Urdu- official language of Pakistan Asia is the largest continent in both size and population. It covers about 33% of the world’s land area and about 60% of the world’s people. SSC #140 What is the largest lake in Africa? A) Lake Chad B) Mediterranean Sea C) Lake Tanganyika D) Lake Victoria Taliban- a group of Islamist militants in Afghanistan and Pakistan Some countries in Asia: China, India, Japan, Thailand, Phillipines, North Korea, South Korea, Pakistan, Nepal. SSC #141 The Blue and White Nile River meet in what country? A) Sudan B) Kenya C) Egypt D) Mali Treason- the crime of betraying one’s country. Major mountain ranges in Asia: Altai, Elburz, Himalaya, Hindu Kush, Karakoram, Kunlun, Qilian, Qin Ling, Stanovoy, Tian Shan, Yablonovyy, Zagros SSC #142 What is the capital of Djibouti? A) Abidjan B) Libreville C) Victoria D) Djibouti Terrain- natural physical features of an area of land. Major rivers in Asia: Amur, Brahmaputra, Euphrates, Ganges, Huang He, Indus, Irrawaddy, Mekong, Menam, Ob, Salween, Tigris, Xi, Yangtze, Yenisey. SSC #143 How many continents begin with the letter “A”? A) 2 B) 3 C) 4 D) 5 E) 172 million (: Sanction- a measure used to punish a nation’s economy, often by blocking imports and exports. Major deserts in Asia: Gobi, Karakoram, Kyzylkum, Rub al Khali, Taklimakan, Thar SSC #144 The Taj Mahal was built by what Muslim Emperor? A) Mohandas Gandhi B) Indira Gandhi C) Jawaharlal Nehru D) Shah Jahan Asylum- protection given by a gov’t to someone who has left another country to avoid being harmed or persecuted. *Taj Mahal- Shah Jahan was a Muslim emperor who wanted to build the finest monument ever built when his wife died to house her grave. It took more than 20,000 workers and 22 years to complete. Taj Mahal holds a tomb, mosque, rest house, elaborate garden, and arched gateway. SSC #145 What is the world’s tallest mountain? A) Mt. Everest B) Mt. Kilimanjaro C) Mt. McKinley D) Mt. Aconcagua Diplomacy- Negotiation between nations Ganges River at Varanasi, India: Hindus consider the Ganges River sacred. People believe they purify themselves spiritually by bathing in its waters. SSC #146 One of the world’s most beautiful buildings is the Taj Mahal. In what country is it located? A) North Korea B) Japan C) India D) China E) Turkey Capitalist- relating to an economic system that includes private ownership of businesses and the creation of goods and services for profit. Kim Jong Un- Came to power in N. Korea (2011) after the death of his father. Has not tried to improve the relations with S. Korea. Is a big fan of American basketball. SSC #147 What is the 4th largest country (size) in the world? A) United States B) Russia C) Canada D) China Dissident- one who expresss disagreement with a political system. Shi Huangdi’s Tomb- Is surrounded by an army of life sized terra cotta statues of soldiers. In the 200’s B.C., Shi Huangdi united China for the first time and began the famous Great Wall of China. SSC #148 Manila is the capital city of this island country that was once a possession of the United States. A) Philippines B) Puerto Rico C) Indonesia D) Cuba Socialist- Referring to government control of the economy and businesses. Countries with the highest average reading times: (in hrs & minutes per week) 1. India 10.42 2. Thailand 9.24 3. China 8.00 4. Phillipines 7.36 16. 5.42 SSC #149 Japan is about the size of what U.S. state? A) California B) Texas C) Alaska D) Kentucky Parliamentary Democracy- Voters elect the parliament. A prime minister- the leader of the party with the most seats in parliament-heads the gov’t. The most spoken language in the world is Chinese (all dialects) with 1.2 billion people speaking some form of this language. SSC #150 In what month does Thailand celebrate their new year? A) December B) January C) April D) June Democracy- A gov’t with leaders who are chosen through a system of popular elections. Mt. Everest- Tallest mtn. in the world at 29,035 ft. (On border of Nepal & Tibet/China) Best time to climb Mt. Everest is in early May before monsoon season. SSC #151 Calgary, Winnepeg, and Edmonton are all important cities in what country? A) Philippines B) Nepal C) Japan D) Canada Monarchy- A single person, who inherited his or her power, rules for life. Sumo wrestling- Is Japan’s national sport and is a Japanese style of wrestling. There are no weight restrictions or weight classes in sumo. Matches take place on an elevated ring called a dohyo. Only men practice the sport professionally in Japan. SSC #152 Which one is NOT a real sea? A) Red Sea B) Blue Sea C) Yellow Sea D) Sea of Japan Human rights- basic rights and freedoms to which all people are entitled, including freedom of speech and equality before the law. Australia is the 6th largest country and the smallest continent size wise. SSC #153 What is the national capital of Australia? A) Sydney B) Melbourne C) Darwin D) Canberra Bipartisan-Supported by two major political parties. Australia is divided into 6 states (New South Wales,, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia) and two territories (Australian Capital Territory, Northern Territory). SSC #154 What is the world’s largest island? A) Australia B) Iceland C) Greenland D) U.S Whig Party- a major U.S. political party from the 1830’s to the 1850’s, formed in opposition to the Democratic Party. Aborigines-They were the first people to discover, explore, and colonize the Australian continent. Scientists believe they traveled to Australia by boat from SE Asia at least 50,000 years ago. They were nomadic people who hunted, fished, made tools and weapons from stone, wood, shell, or bone. SSC #155 What is a baby kangaroo called? A) Joey B) Zoey C) Calf D) Tasmanian Devil Domestic- Of one’s own country; not foreign Great Barrier Reef- Is the world’s largest coral reef and one of Australia’s most popular tourist attractions. It is a chain of more than 2,000 individual reefs. It is protected because of its environmental importance. SSC #156 Which animal is not found in Australia? A) Bandicoot B) Emus C) Kookaburra D) Woodstock Reconciliation- the act of bringing together in friendship two people or groups divided by a conflict. Australian rules football- derived from a mixture of Rugby and Gaelic Football. It is played with 18 players on each team. AFL is the professional league with 16 teams. First introduced in 1858 in the state of Victoria. SSC #157 Which continent can be described as ice, penguins and at the bottom of the globe? A) Australia B) N.A.C) S.A. D) Antarctica Corruption- Dishonest or illegal behavior, especially by people in positions of power. Antarctica’s rugged coasts features jagged mountain peaks & glacier filled valleys. Ice and snow cover 98% of the continent. Antarctica is technically considered the world’s largest desert because it receives less than 10 inches of precipitation a year. SSC #158 What is the name of Antarctica’s largest community, that is a research base in the warmer months? A) McMurdo Station B) College Station C) McDonalds Station D) Research Station Stock exchange- a sytem or place where shares (financial investments) in various companies are bought and sold. Roald Amundsen- He was the first to reach the South Pole. He was a Norwegian explorer.