Africa
Mr. Cummings
World History
I. Facts and Figures
Area
Second-largest continent - 11,678,000 sq. miles
China, US, India, Mexico fit into it!
2 ½ times the size of the U. S.
10% of the world’s population.
Population and Language
1,001,320,000- Cairo (Egypt), Lagos
(Nigeria), Kinshasha (Congo) are largest
Over 800 languages spoken
53 separate countries- PROBLEMS??
I. Facts and Figures
Major Landforms
Sahara Desert- Northern regions
Nile River + Congo River
Mt. Kilimanjaro- North Tanzania
Climate
Africa lies between four hemispheres
Most of continent is warm
Rainfall unpredictable
Rainforests, savannas, deserts
Mediterranean Sea
Bodies
Nile River
Of
L. Chad-->
Water
L. Albert-->
L. Victoria
L. Tanganyika->
Indian Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Zambezi River
Limpopo River
Orange River
Pacific Ocean
The Sahara Desert
The Mighty Nile River:
“Longest River in the World”
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Nile River
Africa:
The
“Tropical”
Continent
Tropic of Cancer
20° N
Equator 0°
Tropic of Capricorn
20° S
I. Facts and Figures
Resources
Agriculture- almost none
Minerals- gold, silver, diamonds, oil, uranium
Religion
200,000,000 practice traditional religions
Believe in Polytheism + magic
Worship nature- REBIRTH
Women hold important power- earth goddesses
Masks created to ward off evil spirits
Made of animal hair, jewelry, wood, gold
Bronze Heads
from Benin (16c)
Benin Bronze
Leopard
II. Other Facts
Continent’s name comes from Afridi culture
Known as “Cradle of Civilization”
Humans first evolved in East Africa
“Lucy” discovered in 1974
Average life expectancy: 46 yrs.
Literacy Level: 1 out of 2 adults can’t read
70% of world’s poorest nations in Africa
As many as 1 out of 5 Africans have AIDS
III. Preview of Topics
Ghana
Mali
Zimbabwe
Congo
Songhai
Bantu
Great Zimbabwe
[1200-1450]
“Zimbabwe” = “stone enclosure”
Gold-Salt Trade
SALT
GOLD
Berbers
Ghana Empire [4c-11c]
Gold “Money”, Ghana/Ivory Coast
Salt
Mali Empire [13c-15c]
SALT
GOLD
Timbuktu-”Heavenly
Clay”
Timbuktu Rooftop,
Mosque
Marketplace near the
Niger River
Mosque in Gao
Great Mosque at
Djenne, Mali
Distant Mosque at
Djenne, Mali
Sundiata [1210-1260]
“Lion Prince”
Mansa Musa [r. 13121337]
European Map
Songhai Empire [15c-16c]
SALT
GOLD
Sunni Ali [r.1464-1492]
Askia Mohammed
[r.1493-1529]
Askia Mohammed’s
Tomb [1443-1538]
Gao, Mali
Benin Empire [15c-19c]
Bantu
Migrations:
1000 BCE
To
500 CE
Islamic
Invasions
African Trade Routes
Expansive, deep, and PROFITABLE.
Arab Dow off the coast of
Zanzibar
‘Tools’ of the sea trade!
World Health Rankings
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Islam Lecture