The Census in a Multicultural
Australia
Mr Peter van Vliet
Assistant Secretary, Multicultural Affairs Branch
Department of Immigration and Citizenship
Multicultural Australia
•
One in four Australians was born overseas.
•
45 per cent of all Australians were born overseas or
have at least one parent who was born overseas.
•
We speak more than 260 languages.
•
We identify with 270 ancestries.
•
Nearly 87 per cent of Australians think it is a good thing
for society to be made up of different cultures.
Multicultural Policy
Multicultural Policy
The People of Australia
•
Launched 16 February 2011
•
Available online at:
www.immi.gov.au/living-in-australia/a-diverse-australia/multicultural-policy/
•
‘Australia’s multicultural composition is at the heart of our national identity
and is intrinsic to our history and character.’
•
‘Multiculturalism is about all Australians and for all Australians.’
Multicultural Policy
The People of Australia
Enshrines four principles committing the Australian Government to:
• celebrating cultural diversity
• building an inclusive and participative society
• welcoming the economic benefits arising from multiculturalism,
and
• promoting understanding and acceptance while responding
with strength to expressions of intolerance and discrimination.
Multicultural Policy
The People of Australia
•
Rights and responsibilities:
•
enshrined in our citizenship pledge
•
‘loyalty to Australia and its people’
•
‘uphold our laws and democracy’
•
‘respect our rights and liberties’
•
entitlement to ‘celebrate, practise and maintain’ ‘cultural heritage,
traditions and language’
Multicultural Policy
The People of Australia
•
Key initiatives include:
•
Establishment of the Australian Multicultural Council (AMC)
•
National Anti-Racism Partnership and Strategy
•
Strengthening Access and Equity
•
Multicultural Arts and Festivals Grants
•
Multicultural Youth Sports Partnership Program
Understanding Australia’s communities
Why?
• To inform policies and programs developed by DIAC related to
multicultural affairs
• To inform policies and programs developed by other government
agencies relating to social inclusion, access and equity and related
fields
• To advise political leaders and diplomats, prior to public or diplomatic
engagements
Understanding Australia’s communities
2006 Ancestry question
Understanding Australia’s communities
Top ancestries in Australia
8,000,000
7,000,000
6,000,000
5,000,000
4,000,000
3,000,000
2,000,000
1,000,000
0
an
se
ne
hi
m
er
C
G
n
l ia
Ita
h
h
ti s
ot
Sc
s
Iri
h
is
gl
En
n
li a
ra
st
Au
Understanding Australia’s communities
Italian Australian community
• There were 852 486 Italian ancestry responses in the 2006
Census.
• Comparatively, only 199 120 Australians were born in Italy, which
was 9 per cent fewer than at the time of the 2001 Census.
• If we only used country of birth responses, we would perceive the
community to be decreasing in size, which it is not.
• There was an increase in Italian ancestry responses between the
2001 and 2006 Censuses of about 9 per cent.
Understanding Australia’s communities
Australia’s Greek communities (ancestry) by state of
residence
ACT NT
1% 1%
WA
4%
Tas
1%
Qld
7%
SA
10%
Vic
42%
NSW
34%
Understanding Australia’s communities
Armenian ancestry by country of birth
Other
Iraq
Australia
Armenia
Syria
Turkey
Lebanon
Iran
Egypt
Understanding Australia’s communities
Top 10 religions in Australia
6,000,000
5,000,000
4,000,000
3,000,000
2,000,000
1,000,000
0
r
Oth e
t
is
Bapt
k Or t
Islam
Gree
x
hodo
ism
n
ch
Chur
yteria
h
Budd
b
Pres
ng
Uniti
NFD
gi on,
tated
Not s
li
No re
icism
ican
Angl
ol
Cath
Understanding Australia’s communities
Top languages (other than English) in Australia
350,000
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
h
is
an
Sp
e
es
m
na
et
Vi
ri n
da
an
M
ek
re
ic
ab
Ar
se
ne
to
an
C
G
n
l ia
Ita
Individual communities
Some variables to understanding a community
• country of birth
• ancestry
• location
• citizenship
• year of arrival
• place of birth of mother and
father
• ancestry and country of birth of
spouse
• religion
• English proficiency
• language spoken at home
• income
• educational qualifications
• employment characteristics
Individual communities
Burmese community
• 2006 Census counts 12 378 people who were born in
Burma.
• Between the 2006 Census and 31 December 2010, there
were an additional 8847 permanent arrivals from Burma.
• The 2011 Census will give us a clearer picture of ethnicity,
religion and other variables for this community and other
growing communities.
Individual communities
Community Information Summaries
www.immi.gov.au/media/publications/statistics/comm-summ/
Australian societal trends
Country of birth over 10 years
Born overseas
30.0
Born in Europe
20.0
15.0
Born in East, Central
or Southern Asia
10.0
5.0
Born in United
Kingdom
Year
20
08
20
06
20
04
20
02
20
00
0.0
19
98
Percentage
25.0
Australian societal trends
Comparison of ancestry responses over 20 years
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
1986
A n c e s try
% o f p o p u la tio n
E n g lish
4 2 .3
A u stra lia n
2 1 .8
Irish
5 .8
S co ttish
4 .3
Ita lia n
4 .0
G e rm a n
3 .3
G re e k
2 .2
D u tch
1 .5
C h in e se
1 .3
M a lte se
0 .8
L e b a n e se
0 .6
In d ia n
0 .5
V ie tn a m e se
0 .4
F ilip in o
0 .2
T u rkish
0 .2
2006
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
A n c e s try
A u stra lia n
E n g lish
Irish
S co ttish
Ita lia n
G e rm a n
C h in e se
G re e k
D u tch
In d ia n
L e b a n e se
V ie tn a m e se
P o lish
N e w Z e a la n d e r
F ilip in o
% o f p o p u la tio n
3 7 .1
3 1 .6
9 .1
7 .6
4 .3
4 .1
3 .4
1 .8
1 .6
1 .2
0 .9
0 .9
0 .8
0 .8
0 .8
Questions?
If you have any further questions, please email my
team [email protected]
Thank you
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