Capítulo 3A
El imperativo formal
Polite (Formal) Commands
To form the polite or formal singular
command simply follow 2 steps:
1. Take the 1st person singular form of
the present tense.
And then….
2. Then drop the “o” and replace it with
the opposite vowel.
-ar verbs take the vowel –e
-er verbs take the vowel –a
-ir verbs take the vowel –a
Ejemplos: -ar,-er,-ir
• (Mirar - Miro) Mire Ud. = Look.
• (Aprender - Aprendo) Aprenda Ud. espanol. =
Learn Spanish.
• (Escribir - Escribo) Escriba Ud. en ingles. =
Write in English.
> The “Ud.” may be expressed or omitted.
Stem-Changers, therefore, will still
occur.
• Cierre Ud. la puerta. Close the door.
• Vuelva Ud. a las once. Return at 11:00.
• Sirva Ud. el pato. Serve the duck.
Hmmmm……what happened
here?
• Toque Ud. la guitarra.
• Juegue Ud. el partido.
• Lance Ud. el balón.
>Toce Ud and Juege Ud would be incorrect
because you need to maintain the pronunciation
of the “c” and “g”
>Lanze Ud would be incorrect because “z” is never
used before an “e”
Since the root of the polite command is the
1st person singular of the present tense (step
#1), notice these polite commands.
1st person present
• traigo
• vengo
• salgo
• tengo
• digo
• hago
• oigo
• conozco
• traduzco
• veo
> They are all –er or –ir verbs so they will
take the opposite vowel: -a.
Command
traiga Ud.
venga Ud.
salga Ud.
tenga Ud.
diga Ud.
haga. Ud.
oiga. Ud.
conozca Ud.
traduzca Ud.
vea Ud.
Just add “No” to make the command negative.
Just add –n on to the verb to make the command
plural. Add “Uds” if you wish.
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Hable Ud.
Coma Ud.
Duerma Ud.
Pague Ud.
Comience Ud.
Haga Ud.
Oiga Ud.
Ponga Ud.
Tenga Ud.
Hablen Uds.
No hable(n) Ud.(s)
Coman Uds.
No coman Uds.
Duerman Uds.
No duerman Uds.
Paguen Uds.
No paguen Uds.
Comiencen Uds. No comiencen Uds.
Hagan Uds.
No hagan Uds.
Oigan Uds.
No oigan Uds.
Pongan Uds.
No pongan Uds.
Tengan Uds.
No tengan Uds.
Ok then….What about reflexive
pronouns?
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Siéntese Ud. / Siéntense Uds. Sit down. (seat yourself)
Diviértase Ud. / Diviértanse Uds. Have fun
Acuéstese Ud. / Acuéstense Uds. Go to bed.
Mírese Ud. / Mírense Uds. Look at yourself.
Póngase Ud. los zapatos / Pónganse Uds. los zapatos. Put on
your shoes
>Since you are commanding an adult, you will be using the “se”
reflexive pronoun.
>Attach the reflexive pronoun on to the end of the command.
>Place a written accent on the 3rd to the last syllable to maintain
stress there. (where it would have been if the pronoun were not
there)
>The use of “Ud.” and “Uds.” is optional.
And Indirect Object Pronouns?
• Véndame Ud. el libro. / Véndanme Uds. Sell the book to me.
• Léale Ud. los apuntes. / Léanle Uds. Read the notes to him.
• Escríbanos Ud. una carta. / Escríbanos Uds. Write a letter to
us.
• Tráigales Ud. un fotografía a ellos. / Tráiganles Uds. Bring a
photo to them.
> All pronouns, no matter what type, must be attached on to
affirmative commands
> Again, the accent!
> Don’t forget you may clarify a third person indirect object
pronoun with a noun phrase as in the last example.
And of course, Direct Object
Pronouns.
• Cómprelos Ud./ Cómprenlos Uds. Buy
them.
• Dígame Ud./ Díganme Uds. Tell me.
• Hágalo Ud./ Háganlo Uds. Do it.
• Mírela Ud./ Mírenla Uds. Watch her.
• Same accent….same other stuff too.
Last… but not least!!!!!
• Yes………you guessed it…….
El imperativo con pronombres
indirectos y pronombres directos.
1. Muéstremelo Ud. / Muéstrenmelo Uds. Show it to me.
2. Díganoslo Ud./ Díganoslo Uds. Tell it to us.
3. Escríbamelos Ud./ Escríbanmelos Uds. Write them to
me.
4. Mándesela Ud./ Mándenselas Uds. Send it to them.
5. Tráigaselos Ud./ Tráiganselos Uds. Bring them to her.
 The accent is on the 4th to the last syllable where the
stress would normally be without any pronouns added.
 In example 4, les changed to se.
 In example 5, le changed to se
As always…..
The Irregulars
Lo siento clase….pero Uds. saben que siempre hay
irregulares!
There are 5 Irregulars that must be
memorized. They do not fit any
pattern.
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ser
ir
dar
estar
saber
sea Ud.
vaya Ud.
dé Ud.
esté Ud.
sepa Ud.
sean Uds.
vayan Uds.
den Uds.
estén Uds.
sepan Uds.
Remember the acronym – “S I D E S”
Ahora Uds. pueden tratar…
Traduce al español.
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Go home.
Vaya Ud. a casa.
Get up.
Levántese Ud.
Open the door.
Abra la puerta.
Call me.
Llámeme.
Buy it for me.
Cómpremelo.
¡¡Estupendo clase!!
El
fin
.
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El imperativo familiar