Making plurals
Plural Articles
Definite articles = the
el
la
los
las
Indefinite articles = a, an
un
una
unos
unas
some
Plural Nouns
If a noun ends in a vowel add “s”
 If a noun ends in a consonant add “es”
 If it ends in a Z change the “z” to a “c”
and add “es”

El alumno
los alumnos
La alumna
las alumnas
Un profesor
Un lápiz
Unos profesores
Unos lápices
Plural adjectives
Adjectives have to match the noun in
number and gender.
 Remember that adjectives that end in an
“o” have four forms.

Cómico
Cómica

cómicos
cómicas
Not all adjectives end in “o”. Use the
same rules as making nouns plural
All of these adjectives are
BOTH masculine and Feminine.
They only have two forms:
Singular and plural.
Deportista
Popular
Felíz
Deportistas (athletic)
populares
Felices
Plural Subject Pronouns
Singular forms
Talking about
myself
Talking to you, a friend
Talking about a guy
Talking about a girl
Talking to you,
a person I
should respect
Yo
Plural forms
Nosotros, nosotras
Tú
Uds.
Él
Ella
Ud.
Ellos
Ellas
Uds.
(“Vosotros, vosotras”
in Spain)
Talking about
myself as part of
a group
Talking to a group
of friends
Talking about a group of guys or a mixed group
Talking about a group of girls only
Talking to all of you as a group
Plural Forms of “ser”
I am
You are (familiar)
He is
She is
You are (formal)
Singular forms
Plural forms
Soy
Somos
Eres
Uds. Son
Él es
Ella es
Ud. es
Ellos son
Ellas son
Uds. son
We are
(“Vosotros sois”
in Spain)
They are (males or mixed)
They are (females)
All of you are
Putting it all together
El muchacho es inteligente y serio.
 Los muchachos son inteligentes y serios.

Pilar es popular.
 Pilar y Lupe son populares

Tú eres honesto.
 Uds. son honestos
 Tú y yo somos honestos

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Making plurals - Mendy Colbert