Los adjetivos
Español II
What is an adjective?
Describes a noun
Examples: tall, short, smart, attractive
Spanish adjectives
In Spanish, adjectives must agree in…
– Gender: Are we describing a masculine
or feminine thing?
– Number: Are we describing one thing or
many things?
How to make adjectives agree
Step 1: Figure out if you are describing
a masculine or feminine noun
– Masculine: typically will end in –o
– Feminine: typically will end in -a
How to make adjectives agree
Step 2: Figure out if you are describing
one noun or many nouns
– One noun: do nothing
– Many nouns: add -s for a vowel,
add -es for consonants
Examples
If the adjective normally ends in an –o
Masculine, singular:
ends in –o
Masculine, plural:
ends in –os
Feminine, singular:
ends in –a
Feminine, plural:
ends in -as
Example: Bonito
Masculine, singular: bonito
Masculine, plural: bonitos
Feminine, singular: bonita
Feminine, plural: bonitas
Examples
If the adjective normally ends in a vowel
other than –o
– Both masculine and feminine use the same
adjective
– To make the adjective plural, add an “s”
Examples
If the adjective normally ends in a –r
Masculine, singular:
use the adjective
Masculine, plural:
ends in –res
Feminine, singular:
ends in –ra
Feminine, plural:
ends in -ras
Example: conversador
Masculine, singular:
conversador
Masculine, plural:
conversadores
Feminine, singular:
conversadora
Feminine, plural:
conversadoras
How to form a sentence
First, you need a subject.
Examples:
yo
tú
él
ella
Ud.
a name
nosotros / nosotras
vosotros / vosotras
ellos
ellas
Uds.
multiple names
How to form a sentence
Then, you need a verb.
The two verbs we use with adjectives
are:
ser
tener
Ser
Means to be
We use it with almost all adjectives.
yo
soy
nosotros/as
___ y yo
tú y yo
somos
tú
eres
vosotros/as
sois
ellos
ellas
Uds.
(multiple
names)
son
él
es
ella
Ud.
(a name)
Tener
Means to have
We use it with eye and hair color.
yo
tengo
nosotros/as
___ y yo
tú y yo
tenemos
tú
tienes
vosotros/as
tenéis
ellos
ellas
Uds.
(multiple
names)
tienen
él
tiene
ella
Ud.
(a name)
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ends in - Churchill High School