Esp 2
Objective

SWBAT finalize their
skits.
19/10/11
Bellwork


What are the pronouns
for reflexive verbs?
What’s the process for
using reflexive verbs?
Show me in writing, the
steps you take to
conjugate a reflexive
verb for all the personal
pronouns.
Esp 1
Objective

SWBAT match nouns
with the correct
gender of the
adjective.
19/10/11
Bellwork




What are the two types
of articles that we have?
When do we use them?
What ways do they
come?
When you finish, write
all the articles you
remember.
MA~ PA~ TA


These are gender crazy ones: All end in a but are
MASCULINE
Ending in ma El

Ending in pa el

problema, el clima, el programa, el tema,
mapa
Ending in ta el
cometa, el planeta,
Let’s Review

Not all Spanish nouns end
in –o and –a, but they still
must be either masculine or
feminine.



Nouns that end in –ión are
usually feminine.
Nouns that end in –dad are
always feminine.
Nouns that end in –l and –r
are usually masculine.
What about…?

Nouns that end in –e can
be either masculine or
feminine:


la clase; el presidente
Some nouns can be both,
depending on the
meaning:
el presidente (a man)
 la presidente (a woman)

What’s the bottom line?

Learn every Spanish
noun with its article. It
will pay off soon,
because you will be
able to classify new
nouns as you see the
patterns develop.
How to use adjectives

Unlike English, in Spanish, adjectives usually follow
the nouns they describe.
Ex. Un chico trabajador
Unos chicos trabajadores
Una chica trabajadora
Unas chicas trabajadoras
Agreement

Look at these sentences
(alto = tall; guapo = goodlooking):
El niño es alto y guapo.
 La niña es alta y guapa.



Words that describe “niño”
also end in –o: alto, guapo
Words that describe “niña”
also end in –a: alta, guapa
What’s going on here?



Other words in the
sentence also change to
“agree” (match the form of
the noun they describe).
Here’s another one:
El profesor es bajo, anciano,
y gordo.
How would you change this
sentence to talk about a
woman professor?
Agreement


La profesora es baja,
anciana, y gorda.
What if there is more
than one male
teacher?
Agreement


Los profesores son bajos, ancianos,
y gordos.
What is happening??





Los > “the” plural
Profesores > plural
Son > “are”
Bajos, ancianos, gordos > adjectives
match the ending of the nouns, too.
This doesn’t happen in English
(except for “this/these” and
“that/those”). But it’s an important
feature in Spanish!
Let’s try one!



Put the correct ending
on each word.
La chica es bonit__ y
delgad__.
Mi auto es antigu__ y
fe__.
The envelope, please!



La chica es bonita y
delgada.
Mi auto es antiguo y
feo.
Now make these
sentences plural!
Your final answer…



Las chicas son bonitas
y delgadas.
Mis autos son antiguos
y feos.
How about this
sentence in the plural?

El estudiante es
inteligente y trabajador.
How did you do?



Los estudiantes son
inteligentes y
trabajadores.
Adjectives that end in –e
can be used with either
masculine or feminine
nouns. To make them
plural, just add –s.
Adjectives that end in –r
add –es for plural.
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Adjective agreement