Esp 2 Objective SWBAT finalize their skits. 19/10/11 Bellwork What are the pronouns for reflexive verbs? What’s the process for using reflexive verbs? Show me in writing, the steps you take to conjugate a reflexive verb for all the personal pronouns. Esp 1 Objective SWBAT match nouns with the correct gender of the adjective. 19/10/11 Bellwork What are the two types of articles that we have? When do we use them? What ways do they come? When you finish, write all the articles you remember. MA~ PA~ TA These are gender crazy ones: All end in a but are MASCULINE Ending in ma El Ending in pa el problema, el clima, el programa, el tema, mapa Ending in ta el cometa, el planeta, Let’s Review Not all Spanish nouns end in –o and –a, but they still must be either masculine or feminine. Nouns that end in –ión are usually feminine. Nouns that end in –dad are always feminine. Nouns that end in –l and –r are usually masculine. What about…? Nouns that end in –e can be either masculine or feminine: la clase; el presidente Some nouns can be both, depending on the meaning: el presidente (a man) la presidente (a woman) What’s the bottom line? Learn every Spanish noun with its article. It will pay off soon, because you will be able to classify new nouns as you see the patterns develop. How to use adjectives Unlike English, in Spanish, adjectives usually follow the nouns they describe. Ex. Un chico trabajador Unos chicos trabajadores Una chica trabajadora Unas chicas trabajadoras Agreement Look at these sentences (alto = tall; guapo = goodlooking): El niño es alto y guapo. La niña es alta y guapa. Words that describe “niño” also end in –o: alto, guapo Words that describe “niña” also end in –a: alta, guapa What’s going on here? Other words in the sentence also change to “agree” (match the form of the noun they describe). Here’s another one: El profesor es bajo, anciano, y gordo. How would you change this sentence to talk about a woman professor? Agreement La profesora es baja, anciana, y gorda. What if there is more than one male teacher? Agreement Los profesores son bajos, ancianos, y gordos. What is happening?? Los > “the” plural Profesores > plural Son > “are” Bajos, ancianos, gordos > adjectives match the ending of the nouns, too. This doesn’t happen in English (except for “this/these” and “that/those”). But it’s an important feature in Spanish! Let’s try one! Put the correct ending on each word. La chica es bonit__ y delgad__. Mi auto es antigu__ y fe__. The envelope, please! La chica es bonita y delgada. Mi auto es antiguo y feo. Now make these sentences plural! Your final answer… Las chicas son bonitas y delgadas. Mis autos son antiguos y feos. How about this sentence in the plural? El estudiante es inteligente y trabajador. How did you do? Los estudiantes son inteligentes y trabajadores. Adjectives that end in –e can be used with either masculine or feminine nouns. To make them plural, just add –s. Adjectives that end in –r add –es for plural.