NOUNS & ARTICLES
SUSTANTIVOS Y
ARTÍCULOS
In Spanish all nouns belong to 2 gender
categories:
Feminine
Masculine
(feminina)
(masculino) or ________________
_________________
-Masculine nouns USUALLY
O
end in -___
el helado
- Feminine nouns USUALLY
A
end in -___.
la fruta
SINGULAR nouns name 1 of something.
• ____________
– the girl
– the student
– the apple
PLURAL
• _____________
nouns name more than 1 of
something.
– the girls
– the students
– the apples
VOWEL (a,e,i,o,u)
If a noun ends in a _________
“S” to make it plural.
ADD _____
• chico  chicos
If a singular noun ends in a
CONSONANT
“ES” to
_______________ (r,l,n..)  ADD _____
make it plural.
• trabajador  trabajadores
Al practicar
chico 
chica
fruta 
helado 
persona 
mu jer 
hombre
chicos
________________
chicas
________________
frutas
________________
helados
________________
personas
________________
mujeres
________________
hombres
________________
Definite Articles
“the” in
• When we want to say _______
Spanish, we use Definite Articles.
CHANGE
• Definite Articles ______________
according to the ___________
gender of
the noun and according to
singular or
whether the noun is __________
__________
plural
Definite Articles: the
MASCULINE
SINGULAR
PLURAL
EL
LOS
FEMININE
LA
LAS
Al practicar
las galletas
la galleta
________________
los refrescos
el refresco  ________________
los estudiantes
el estudiante ________________
las estudiantes
la estudiante ________________
las pizzas
la pizza
________________
Indefinite Articles
“a” “an”
• When we want to say ____,
____,
“some” in Spanish, we use
or________
Indefinite Articles.
• Indefinite Articles also
CHANGE according to the
______________
___________
gender of the noun and
according to whether the noun is
__________
plural or __________
singular
Indefinite Articles: a/some
MASCULINE
SINGULAR
PLURAL
UN
UNOS
FEMININE
UNA
UNAS
Al practicar
un amigo
una amiga 
un deporte 
un sombrero 
una pizza
una fiesta 
unos amigos
________________
unas amigas
________________
unos deportes
________________
unos sombreros
________________
unas pizzas
________________
________________
unas fiestas
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NOUNS & DEFINITE ARTICLES