Imagina Lección 6.2
 El
imperfecto del subjuntivo of all verbs is formed
by dropping the –ron ending from the
ustedes/ellos/ellas form of the preterite and
adding the past subjunctive endings.
Note that all nosotros/as forms have a written accent.
 Queríamos
que el gobierno respetara los
derechos humanos.
We wanted the government to respect human
 Me
pareció increíble que los conservadores
perdieran las elecciones.
It seemed unbelievable to me that the
conservatives lost the election.
Verbs that have stem changes or irregularities in the
ustedes/ellos/ellas form of the preterite have those
same irregularities in all forms of the past subjunctive.
preterite form
past subjunctive forms
pidiera, pidieras, pidiera, pidiéramos,
pidierais, pidieran
sintiera, sintieras, sintiera, sintiéramos,
sintierais, sintieran
durmiera, durmieras, durmiera,
durmiéramos, durmierais, durmieran
influyera, influyeras, influyera,
influyéramos, influyerais, influyeran
supiera, supieras, supiera, supiéramos,
supierais, supieran
fuera, fueras, fuera, fuéramos, fuerais,
 In
Spain and other parts of the Spanish-speaking
world, the past subjunctive is also used with an
alternate set of endings:
 –se
 –ses
 You
will also see these forms in literary texts.
 Mariano
me pidió que fuera/fuese con él al
Mariano asked me to go with him to court.
 Nadie
creyó que estuviéramos/estuviésemos entre
los manifestantes.
No one believed that we were among the
 The
past subjunctive is required in the same
contexts as the present subjunctive, except
that the point of reference is in the past.
 When
the verb in the main clause is in the
past, the verb in the subordinate clause is in
the past subjunctive.
Ellos sugieren que vayamos
a la reunión.
They suggest that we go to the
Espero que no tengan
problemas con los políticos.
I hope they won’t have any problems
with the politicians.
Ellos sugirieron que
fuéramos a la reunión.
They suggested that we go to the
Esperaba que no tuvieran
problemas con los políticos.
I was hoping they wouldn’t have any
problems with the politicians.
Necesitamos un presidente
que apoye nuestra causa.
We need a president who will
We needed a president who would
support our cause.
support our cause.
Tú la defiendes aunque
sea culpable.
You defend her even though she’s
Necesitábamos un presidente
que apoyara nuestra causa.
Tú la defendiste aunque
fuera culpable.
You defended her even though she was
 The
expression como si (as if) is always
followed by the past subjunctive.
 Por
 ¿Por
qué siempre me andas espiando como si fuera un
Why do you always go around spying on me as if I were
a thief?
como si trajéramos malas
They will react as if we brought bad news.
saludó como si no me conociera.
She greeted me as if she didn’t know me.
 The
past subjunctive is commonly used with
querer to make polite requests, to express
wishes, or to soften statements.
Quisiera verlos hoy, por
Quisiéramos paz y justicia
para nuestro pueblo.
I’d like to see you today,
We wish for peace and
justice for our people.
When using the past subjunctive of querer or the
conditional of any verb in a main clause, use the
past subjunctive in the subordinate clause.
Quisiéramos que volvieran mañana.
We’d like you to return tomorrow.
Sería mejor que me dijeras la verdad.
It would be better for you to tell me the truth.
 Si
+ past subjunctive + conditional (would)