The imperfect subjunctive (or the past subjunctive, el imperfecto de subjuntivo): A.Forms of the imperfect subjunctive. •Take the third person plural form of the preterit (e.g., hablaron), •then drop the -on from the end, which gives you the stem (hablar-) for the imperfect subjunctive. •The endings are the same for all verbs: -a, -as, a, -amos, -ais, -an. hablar hablara habláramos hablaras hablarais hablara hablaran comer comiera comiéramos comieras comierais comiera comieran vivir viviera viviéramos vivieras vivierais viviera vivieran A.ALL verbs form the imperfect subjunctive this way, even the most irregular (but you must know and start with the third person plural of the preterit): Infin. Meaning Preterit Imperfect subjunctive decir to say dijeron dijera, dijeras, dijera, dijéramos, dijerais, dijeran estar to be estuvieron estuviera, estuvieras, estuviera, estuviéramos, etc. hacer to make, do hicieron hiciera, hicieras, hiciera, hiciéramos, hicierais, etc. ir to go fueron fuera, fueras, fuera, fuéramos, fuerais, fueran ser to be fueron fuera, fueras, fuera, fuéramos, fuerais, fueran tener to have tuvieron tuviera, tuvieras, tuviera, tuviéramos, tuvierais, etc. Uses of the imperfect subjunctive. The imperfect subjunctive is used in the same type of situations in which the present subjunctive is used, except that the governing verb is typically in a past tense (e.g., the preterit, imperfect, past perfect, conditional, conditional perfect, or one of the past subjunctives): 1. Noun clauses. Remember that the subjunctive is used after verbs of influence, emotion, doubt, and denial. Contrast the use of the present tense governing verb plus present subjunctive situation and that of a past tense governing verb and the imperfect subjunctive. Quiero I want him to do it. Me alegro de que él lo haga. (present Dudo subj.) I'm glad he's doing it. Niego I deny he's doing it. Es impor tante It's important for him to do it. I doubt he's doing it. Quería I wanted him to do it. Me alegraba de I was glad he did it. Dudaba Negué Era importante que lo hiciera. I doubted he'd do it. (imperf. subj.) I denied he did it (was doing it). It was important for him to do it. 2. Adverbial clauses (time, purpose, etc.). Remember that the subjunctive is used when the action in the adverbial clause is viewed as anticipated or hypothetical. Again, contrast the present time and past time situations: cuando when they come. vengan. We'll do it (present) Lo haremos después que after they come. mientras while they come. cuando Lo haríamos (or: Íbamos a hacerlo) despues que mientras when they came. vinieran We were going to (imperfe do it ct) after they came. while they were coming. so they will come. para que Lo hacemos sin que vengan. (present) We do it con tal que provided they come. para que Lo hicimos sin que con tal que without them coming. so they'd come. vinieran. (impefect) We did it without them coming. provided they'd come. 3. Adjectival clauses. Remember that the subjunctive is used when there is a negated or indefinite antecedent. Again, contrast the present time and past time situations: No hay nada aquí que me guste. There's nothing here I like. No había nada aquí que me gustara. There was nothing there I liked. Buscamos una criada que hable español. We're looking for a maid who speaks Spanish. Buscábamos una criada que hablara español. We were looking for a maid who spoke Spanish.