Demonstrative Pronouns
Avancemos 2 – Unidad 2 Leccion 1
Demonstrative Pronouns
What we’ve discussed so far is demonstrative ADJECTIVES.
Adjectives describe nouns:
Quiero esta manzana. – I want this apple.
Now we’ll talk about DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS.
 Pronouns take the place of nouns
 They agree in gender and number with the noun they replace.
No quiero esta manzana; quiero ésa. – I don’t want this apple; I
want that one.
Demonstrative Pronouns
 In English, demonstrative pronouns translate as “this one,
those ones, etc.”
 The only difference between a demonstrative ADJECTIVE and a
demonstrative PRONOUN in Spanish is the accent mark. If it’s a
pronoun, there’ll be an accent mark over the first “e” in the
word.
 If there is a noun after it, it’s an adjective; if there’s not, it’s a
pronoun. Remember: “No noun equals pronoun”
Demonstrative pronouns - they have accents!
Close
Singular
Plural
Not Close
Far Away
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
This
This
That
That
That
That
éste
ésta
ése
ésa
aquél
aquélla
These
These
Those
Those
Those
Those
éstos
éstas
ésos
ésas
aquéllos
aquéllas
Demonstrative Pronouns
In Spanish, the demonstrative adjective and the demonstrative
pronoun may refer to the same thing. You will however see an
accent on the demonstrative pronoun.
Compare:
Demonstrative Adjective
Demonstrative Pronoun
 ¿Cuánto cuesta este uniforme?
How much does this uniform cost?
 ¿Cuánto cuesta éste? How much
does this one cost?
 Ese uniforme cuesta diez dólares.
That uniform costs 10 dollars.
 Ése cuesta diez dólares. That one
costs 10 dollars.
 Aquel uniforme es más barato.
That uniform (over there) is
cheaper.
 Aquél es más barato. That one (over
there) is cheaper.
Demonstrative Pronouns
You would NEVER say, “Quiero ese uno” for “I want that one.”
You’d just say “Quiero ése.“
Quiero ese libro. – Quiero ése.
I want that book. – I want that one.
Quiero esos libros. – Quiero ésos.
I want those books. – I want those.
Quiero aquella silla. – Quiero aquélla.
I want that chair over there. – I want that one over there.
Quiero aquellas sillas. – Quiero aquéllas.
I want those chairs over there. – I want those over there.
Práctica – Yo quiero/yo prefiero
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
I prefer this one ( referring to el
suéter)
I want that one (referring to el
vestido)
I prefer that one over there
(referring to el sombrero)
I prefer those over there (referring to
los pantalones)
I want these ones (referring to los
zapatos)
I prefer that one (referring to el
abrigo)
I want those ones (referring to los
lentes)
1.
Yo prefiero éste.
2.
3.
4.
Yo quiero ése.
Yo prefiero aquél.
Yo prefiero aquéllos.
5.
Yo quiero éstos.
6.
Yo prefiero ése.
7.
Yo quiero ésos.
Más Práctica – Yo quiero/yo prefiero
1.
I prefer this one (referring to
la falda)
2. I want that one (referring to la
chamarra)
3. I prefer that one over there
(referring to la camisa)
4. I prefer those over there
(referring to las sandalias)
5. I want these ones (referring to
las joyas)
6. I prefer that one (referring to
la corbata)
7. I want those ones (referring to
las bolsas)
1.
Yo prefiero ésta.
2. Yo quiero ésa.
3. Yo prefiero aquélla.
4. Yo prefiero aquéllas.
5. Yo quiero éstas.
6. Yo prefiero ésa.
7. Yo quiero ésas.
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Demonstrative Pronouns