Comparativos y Superlativos
What is a comparative?
• the comparative is a construction that
serves to express a comparison
between two (or more) entities or
groups in quality, quantity, or degree.
Phrases I need to know are…
• When constructing the comparative in
Spanish, use an adjective plus
comparative phrase.
Phrases I need to know are…
• When constructing the superlative in
Spanish, use an adjective plus
superlative phrase. Remember that
the superlative is the highest
classification of that group.
Comparatives
Comparative
Translation
Mejor que
better
Peor que
Worse than
Mayor que
Older than
Menor que
Younger than
Mas + adj + que
More than
Menos + adj + que
Less than
Tan + adj + como
As…as
¡Es fácil comparar en español!
•
La casa es grande.
El granero es más
grande que la casa.
El castillo es
el más grande de
todos.
What does this all mean???
•
La casa es grande.  The house is big.
El granero es más
grande que la casa. 
The farm is bigger than
the house.
El castillo es
el más grande de
todos.  The castle is
the biggest of all.
More info
•
La casa es grande.  The house is big.
The fist sentence uses an
adjective to describe the house.
More info…
•
El granero es más
grande que la casa. 
The farm is bigger than
the house.
The second sentence compares the
house to the farm.
More info
•
The third sentence gives the
classification of the castle in
comparison to all buildings.
El castillo es
el más grande de
todos.  The castle is
the biggest of all.
Superlatives
Superlative
Translation
El/la mejor
The best
El/la peor
The worst
El/la mayor
The oldest
El/la menor
The youngest
El/la Mas + adj + de
The most
El/la Menos + adj + de The least
The comparative is for when you’re talking about two people or
things:
Addison is more beautiful than Meredith.
Addison es más bonita que Meredith.
The superlative is for when you’re talking about three or more
people or things:
Addison is the most beautiful of all.
Addison es la más bonita de todas.
As you can see, if you use “most” rather than “-est” (which, like “-er,” doesn’t
exist in Spanish), the word order is identical to English:
Addison is the most beautiful of all.
Addison es la más bonita de todas.
However, you need to note that if you put a noun in the superlative
expression, it will come BEFORE “más + adjective.”
Addison is the most beautiful woman of all.
Addison es la mujer más bonita de todas.
But that should be no surprise, since, as you learned in chapter 2, adjectives
normally come after the noun they describe:
noun
adjective
Addison es una mujer bonita.
You try
• Write 3 sentences comparing your
teachers or classes.
• Write 3 sentences using the superlative to
discuss your teachers or classes.
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