Superlatives
In English, we have what we call the
positive form,
tall
gorgeous
the comparative form,
taller more gorgeous
and the superlative form. tallest most gorgeous
Spanish doesn’t have that, exactly, but if you just
think of “más” as meaning both “more” AND
“most,” both the comparative and superlative are
very similar to English.
The comparative is for when you’re talking about two people or things:
Addison is more beautiful than Meredith.
Addison es más hermosa que Meredith.
The superlative is for when you’re talking about three or more people or
things:
Addison is the most beautiful of all.
Addison es la más hermosa de todas.
As you can see, if you use “most” rather than “-est” (which,
like “-er,” doesn’t exist in Spanish), the word order is
identical to English:
Addison is the most beautiful of all.
Addison es la más hermosa de todas.
However, you need to note that if you put a noun in the
superlative expression, it will come BEFORE “más +
adjective.”
Addison is the most beautiful woman of all.
Addison es la mujer más hermosa de todas.
OK, one more thing. You don’t have a problem with
Addison es la más hermosa de todas.
But what about
Addison es la más hermosa del mundo.
Literally, that translates
Addison is the most beautiful OF the world.
We, of course, would say
Addison is the most beautiful IN the world.
But in Spanish, you have to say “de”:
Juan es el hombre más alto de la ciudad.
Juan is the tallest man in the city.
Elisa es la más bonita de la clase.
Elisa is the prettiest in the class.
Antonio y Carlos son los más gordos de Georgia.
Antonio and Carlos are the fattest in Georgia.
So there are three (little) things that make the superlative in Spanish different from
the superlative in English:
1. The fact that you always have to use “most” and not something like “-est” that
you can put on the end of the adjective:
Bill Gates es el más rico de nuestro país.
Bill Gates is the richest in our country.
2.
The fact that you have to put the noun BEFORE “más + adjective”:
Bill Gates es el hombre más rico de nuestro país.
Bill Gates is the richest man in our country.
3.
The fact that you have to say “de” in Spanish where we usually say “in” in
English:
Bill Gates es el más rico de nuestro país.
Bill Gates is the richest in our country.
Watch out for the irregulars!
Remember mejor, peor, mayor, menor?
Since they mean better, worse, older, younger,
they also mean best, worst, oldest, youngest.
Juan es el mejor estudiante de la clase.
Juan is the best student in the class.
Juan es el peor estudiante de la clase.
Juan is the worst student in the class.
Juan es el mayor estudiante de la clase.
Juan is the oldest student in the class.
Juan es el menor estudiante de la clase.
Juan is the youngest student in the class.
Emphatic Adjectives
(really, extremely)
1. Begin with an adjective:
peligroso, grande, difícil
2. If the adjective ends in a vowel, drop the
vowel and add ísimo
If the adj. ends in a consonant, just add ísimo
3. Irregulars: go – add uísimo
co – change to quísimo
z - change to císimo
Ejemplos
•
•
•
•
•
•
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El cocodrilo es peligroso. peligrosísimo
famosísima
La estrella de cine es famosa.
El parque es grande. grandísimo
Esta tarea es difícil. dificilísima
larguísimas
Las serpientes son largas.
riquísima
La paella es rica.
Mis amigos están felices.(feliz)
felicísimos
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Superlatives