More Usages of the
Subjunctive Tense
Sp. 3 H
c.7
Subjunctive with Indefinites and Negatives
(IN’s), CQ’s, and Por X que X
This use of the subjunctive is used
when the subject of the main clause
is not definite or may not even exist.
Some texts refer to these subjects as
ghosts, but we will refer to them as
IN’s. If the subject in the main
clause may or may not exist, then
the verb in the dependent clause has
to be in the subjunctive tense.
Ie…Paco busca un libro que tenga dos
mil páginas.
Subjunctive with Indefinites and Negatives
(IN’s), CQ’s, and Por X que X
Ie…Paco busca un libro que tenga dos
mil páginas.
The verb following the que is in the
subjunctive because the subject is
INDEFINITE. You are not sure if
such a thing actually exists.
No hay nadie aquí que toque el
clarinete.
Subjunctive with Indefinites and Negatives
(IN’s), CQ’s, and Por X que X
KEY POINT:
Indefinite subject in the
primary clause + que =
subjunctive in the
dependent clause.
Here is the formula for this type of construction:
IN Subject in main clause
No hay nada
No hay nadie
Busco
Necesito
Me gustaría
Comoquiera
Cualquiera
Dondequiera
Quienquiera
Por (adj or adv)
+ que +
QUE
verb in the subjunctive
Verb in the appropriate
form of the subjunctive
Progression of Tenses
Next we have to determine WHICH subjunctive tense to
use based on the PROGRESSION OF TENSES
VERB in main clause
Present
Future
Commands
Pres. Prog., Pres.
or Future Perfect
preterite
imperfect
conditional
past progressive
conditional perfect
preterite perfect
Subjunctive Verb in second clause
Present Subjunctive
Present Perfect Subjunctive
Imperfect Subjunctive
Pluperfect Subjunctive
Subjunctive with Indefinites and Negatives
(IN’s), CQ’s, and Por X que X
KEY POINT:
A change of one little word could tip the
sentence from definite to indefinite…
…from indicative to subjunctive.
Busco la persona que habla español.
Busco una persona que hable español,
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More Usages of the Subjunctive Tense