Life in Ancient Rome
9.1
Roman Culture
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The Romans admired the Greeks and copied
some of their ideas, though they often
changed what they borrowed.
Roman statues and art portrayed people with
flaws, in contrast the Greeks portrayed ideal
people.
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Romans incorporated Greek ideas into
architecture, such as columns and porches.
They also used their own ideas, such as
arches, domes and vaults.
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Two famous buildings still stand today: the
Colosseum, which is an arena; and the
Pantheon, which is a temple built in honor of
Rome’s gods.
Colosseum
Pantheon
Writers and Latin
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Virgil wrote the Aeneid
Horace wrote satires and odes.
Ovid and Catullus were inspired by Greek
writing and myths.
Livy, one of Rome’s most famous historian,
wrote the History of Rome.
Many modern European languages spoken
today are based on Latin: French, Spanish,
Italian, Portuguese and Romanian
Science and Medicine
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The Greek doctor Galen brought Greek ideas
to Rome.
Ptolemy was a famous scientist who studied
and mapped the stars.
Engineers created an advanced road system
and aqueducts that provided water.
Daily Life in Rome
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Rome was one of the largest cities in the ancient
world.
The Forum was in the center of Rome and served
as a market place and square.
Wealthy Romans lived in large homes. Poorer
people lived in apartments made of stone and wood.
The government provided free grain and sporting
shows, such as chariot races and gladiator contests.
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Roman families were large, including young
and married children, other relatives and
servants.
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Paterfamilias
Wealthy children received an education
through hired tutors. Some boys went to
school
A boy became a man between ages 14 to 16.
Girls became adults when they married.
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Slaves were common in the Roman Empire.
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Suffered many hardships and were treated poorly
Some slaves revolted
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Spartacus was a gladiator who led a slave revolt
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Romans worshiped many gods
and goddesses.
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As the Empire grew, the Romans
conquered people of other
religions.
They were allowed to worship
freely as long as they did not
threaten the Roman government
Emperor worship was also
practiced in Rome.
Hadrian
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Life in Ancient Rome