Architecture and Technology: •Arch •Dome •Concrete •Bridges Pantheon: Temple for the Roman gods Colosseum: Arena for gladiator fights and mock battles Circus Maximus: Track for races, horse/chariot The Forum: main market square and meeting place Roman Bathhouses: public, every city had one Roman Roads: built to every part of the empire to move armies and help trade Aqueducts: carried water into the city, inverted siphon Greco-Roman Culture: The Romans admired the Greeks and copied them. This is greatly seen in art and literature. •Philosophy Epicurus: Epicureanism The way to gain happiness is to free the body from pain and free the mind from fear. Zeno: Stoicism Encouraged virtue, duty, endurance and courage. Pain and pleasure were unimportant •Poetry Virgil= Aeneid, similar to Homer’s epics Ovid= comic poems •History Livy= History of Rome, mythical Tacitus= more factual, showed the good and bad of Rome Art: Roman art was more realistic than Greek art •Bas-relief •Mosaics •Frescoes: Paintings on the walls Latin: Romance Languages (from Rome) such as French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and Romanian are all based on Latin. There are Latin roots in many of the words and phrases we use today. Roman Numerals: Seen on faces of clocks, movie credits, outlines, etc. I=1 V=5 X=10 L=50 C=100 D=500 M=1000 Julian Calendar: 12 months of 30-31 days Except February Leap Years Emperors changed names of months as they wished. July= Julius Caesar, August= Augustus Law: •All persons had the right to equal treatment under the law. •A person was considered innocent until proven guilty. •The burden of proof rested with the accuser rather than the accused. •A person should be punished only for actions, not thoughts. •Any law that seemed unreasonable or grossly unfair could be set aside. •On one side of the index card, draw and color a picture of something/someone you would have seen on a visit to Rome during the Empire •On the other side, write a message to a friend, parent, or favorite history teacher describing with detail at least 5 people, things, or events you saw, heard, or experienced while visiting the Roman Empire.