Architecture and Technology:
•Arch
•Dome
•Concrete
•Bridges
Pantheon: Temple for the Roman gods
Colosseum: Arena for gladiator fights and mock battles
Circus Maximus: Track for races, horse/chariot
The Forum: main market square and meeting place
Roman Bathhouses: public,
every city had one
Roman Roads:
built to every
part of the
empire to move
armies and help
trade
Aqueducts: carried water into the city, inverted siphon
Greco-Roman Culture:
The Romans admired the
Greeks and copied them.
This is greatly seen in art
and literature.
•Philosophy
Epicurus: Epicureanism
The way to gain happiness
is to free the body from
pain and free the mind
from fear.
Zeno: Stoicism
Encouraged virtue, duty,
endurance and courage.
Pain and pleasure were
unimportant
•Poetry
Virgil= Aeneid, similar to Homer’s
epics
Ovid= comic poems
•History
Livy= History of Rome, mythical
Tacitus= more factual, showed the
good and bad of Rome
Art:
Roman art
was more
realistic
than Greek
art
•Bas-relief
•Mosaics
•Frescoes:
Paintings
on the
walls
Latin:
Romance Languages (from Rome)
such as French, Spanish,
Portuguese, Italian, and Romanian
are all based on Latin.
There are Latin roots in many of
the words and phrases we use
today.
Roman Numerals:
Seen on faces of clocks, movie
credits, outlines, etc.
I=1
V=5
X=10
L=50
C=100
D=500
M=1000
Julian Calendar:
12 months of 30-31 days
Except February
Leap Years
Emperors changed names of months
as they wished.
July= Julius Caesar,
August= Augustus
Law:
•All persons had the right to equal treatment
under the law.
•A person was considered innocent until proven
guilty.
•The burden of proof rested with the accuser
rather than the accused.
•A person should be punished only for actions,
not thoughts.
•Any law that seemed unreasonable or grossly
unfair could be set aside.
•On one side of the index card, draw and
color a picture of something/someone you
would have seen on a visit to Rome during
the Empire
•On the other side, write a message to a
friend, parent, or favorite history teacher
describing with detail at least 5 people,
things, or events you saw, heard, or
experienced while visiting the Roman
Empire.
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