Double Object Pronouns
By: Michael
Double Object Pronouns?
Double object pronouns appear in
sentences where there is both a
direct object and indirect object
present.
English Example:
Robert explains the math problem to
me.
=
Robert explains it to me.
Spanish Sentence
Construction
How would a Spanish sentence be structured
using a double object pronoun?
1)
2)
3)
The indirect object pronoun always comes before the
direct object pronoun
All forms of object pronouns remain the same
EXCEPT the indirect objects in 3rd person (le, les).
These object pronouns change to the pronoun “se”
when they precede the pronouns “lo, los, la, and las.”
In sentences with a verb in either the infinitive or
progressive form, the object pronouns can either
precede the conjugated verb, or attach to the end of
the infinitive/progressive verb.
Object Pronouns
For a little review, here are the conjugation charts for indirect object
pronouns and direct object pronouns:
Indirect Object Pronouns
Direct Object Pronouns
Yo me
Nosotros/as nos
Yo me
Nosotros/as nos
Tú te
Vosotros/as os
Tú te
Vosotros/as os
Él/Ella/Usted
lo,la
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
los,las
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Él/Ella/Usted le
les
Examples of Spanish Double
Object Pronouns
Let’s take the sentence “Robert explains the math problem
to me,” and turn it into a successful Spanish, double object
pronoun sentence step-by-step.
Step 1: Translate the entire sentence word-for-word into Spanish.
Robert explica el problema de matemáticas a mí.
Step 2: Turn the objects into pronouns.
Robert explica lo a me.
Step 3: Format the sentence into correct Spanish grammar!
Robert me lo explica.
Examples of Spanish Double
Object Pronouns (cont’d)
Let’s try a trickier sentence:
My wife buys a new television for my father.
Step 1: Translate the entire sentence word-for-word into Spanish.
Mi esposa compra una televisión nueva para mi padre.
Step 2: Turn the objects into pronouns.
Mi esposa compra la para le.
Step 3: Format the sentence into correct Spanish grammar!
Mi esposa se la compra (para mi padre).
*Remember: Because both pronouns “la” and “le” were used in the
sentence, the “le” is changed to a “se” in order to fit.
Issue with Pronoun “se”
Because the pronoun “se” can refer to one or more people,
a prepositional phrase, a noun, or a proper name can be
used to clarify what it stands for.
Example:
You wrote the letter to Jade.
Instead of leaving it at “Se la escribiste,” it can be changed to “Se
la escribiste a Jade,” for a clearer description.
With Reflexive Verbs
When a reflexive verb is used in a sentence with a direct object
pronoun, it follows the same format as an indirect object pronoun
does: it precedes the verb and can either come before the
conjugated verb or attach itself to an infinitive/progressive verb.
Example:
Yo ya me los cepillé. OR Yo ya cepillármelos ayer.
I already brushed them.
*Remember: It is necessary to put an accent mark over the “a” in this
sentence because adding two object pronouns to the end of “cepillar”
adds an extra syllable, and in order to keep the stress in the right place,
an accent mark is placed over the “a.”
Double Object Pronoun Quiz
Now that you have learned the rules and structure of double object
pronouns, can you change the following English sentences into
Spanish?
He served it to them. (la comida)
Él se la sirvió (a ellos).
I offered to pay it for them. (la cuenta)
Yo se la ofrecí pagar. OR Yo ofrecí pagársela.
Double Object Pronoun Quiz
Cont’d
She answered it for you. (la pregunta)
Ella te la contestó.
We bought it for you (pl.) at the mall. (la televisión)
Nosotros os la compramos en el centro comercial.
You owed it to me. (el dinero)
Tú me lo debiste.
I sent them to your sister. (las cartas)
Yo se las mandé (a tu hermana).
The End
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Double Object Pronouns