Argentina
1
History…

Argentina is not “just another South
American country”


Stereotypes common in the US don’t apply
Argentina is a blend of many cultures

Not only Spanish, but Italian, British, indigenous
peoples, and many more
2
Population…

39.5 Million

3rd Most populated country in
Latin America

Young – 29.2 Men/30.1 Women
(average age)

89% live in Buenos Ares
3
Population…

97% White,
Spanish/Italian
Population
- only 3% Mestiz


97.1% Literacy rate
- Which is .1% higher
than then U.S.
White Spanish Italians
Mestizo
Life expectancy is 75.7
Years, general population
4
Religion…

92% Roman Catholic




Only 20% are Practicing
2% Protestant
2% Jewish
4% Other

Strong ties between Church & State
 Constitution 1853 required President to be Catholic
…before that no separation between church & state
5
Work & Economy…

Divisions of Economy:




11.1% Agriculture
34.8% Industrial
54.1% Service
Turn of 20th Century, known as one of the top 10
wealthiest nations in the world
6
Work & Economy…
Leaders effected economy
 Juan Peron took office in 1946 – Destroyed the
economy
 Carlos Menem – 1989 Inflation was at 3,000%
per year



By end of 1990’s inflation was less than 1%
Still recovering from economic problems
51.7% of population below poverty line
7
National & Popular Culture…

Most culture brought over from Europe

Buenos Ares is molded after Paris

Teatime every afternoon

Fútbol is the primary sport

Tango is the most popular style of dance/music
8
Customs…

Everyday life



Clothing



Leisure Time
Death, Weddings, Relationships
Urged to be well dressed
Some traditional
Holidays

Secular Holidays most celebrated
9
Customs…

Music


Tango/ Opera House
Religion


Beliefs
Superstitious
10
Food & Material Life…

3 Meals a day plus teatime

All meals usually consist of meat, primarily beef

Dinner at 9 pm so all family can be present

BEEF & PASTA

Yerba Mate

American food introduced…
11
Food & Material Life…

Material life

Meat Packing & Other food processing
Industry

Forest – hard wood, nuts, coconuts

Climate and available resources both effect what
is available

12
Language…

Spanish is main language

Argentines say that it is more appropriate to call their
language Castilian

Spanish slang called “lunfardo” = Spanish/Italian Mix

Still a few indigenous languages that are barely hanging
around



Quechua
Guaraní
very rare, Mapuche
13
Government & Social Order…

Last 15 years they’ve had a stable government

Achieved independence in 1816

Military Rule 1829 – Juan Manuel De Rosas was
governor of Buenos Ares from 1829-1852

Overthrown by other providences in 1853
14
Government & Social Order…

Took almost 40 years to create constitution

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Twisted by a series of military and civilian rulers
Modeled after the U.S. constitution
Military coups in 1930, 1943, 1955, 1962, 1966
and 1976

Resulting in a series of Military rulers, however
Democratic leaders where also mixed in.

Constitution revised in mid 1990’s
15
Government & Social Order…

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Despite the fact that population is 97% white
Spanish Italian – 3 seats per providence, and
one is required to be minority
Got rid of electoral college, and instituted popular vote
for president


4 year
One change for re-election
16
Conclusion…

Argentina has a rich cultural history



Can’t be understood through common US
stereotypes of Latin America
Long history of cultural integration and
change
Changes still continue today as the people
try to create the country they want to live in
17
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Argentina - University of Dayton