• Make sure your group has books!
• Have out your SSF Packet
• SOL Challenge
• BJOTD: What is white and fluffy and lives on
The Rise of the Middle Ages
Objective: SWBAT describe how the
Carolingian dynasty came to be and
describe their achievements through
Bellringer-5 mins
SSF Poster Talk-10 mins
Quiz-13.1-10 mins
Map-10 mins
SOL Notes-25 mins
Epitaphs-Rest of Class
Dates to Know
• Early Middle Ages Test: 3/29
• Notebook Check: 3/29
• End of Quarter: 3/30
– Any late work due by 3/28
Spring Break: 4/1-4/9
SSF Visuals Due: 4/13
Spring Break: 4/18-4/22
SOL Test/SOL Review Due: 5/8
Setting the Stage
• Western Roman Empire has just collapsed in 476
• Germanic tribes are attacking and terrorizing all
areas of Europe
• People are fleeing the cities to avoid the attacks
of the Germanic tribes
• Power, learning and trade are all no longer as
strong as they once were
• Only area where there is growth is in the Catholic
church (Christian religion)
The Middle Ages
• Definition: medieval period in Europe leading
from 500-1500 CE
• Took place as a result of the gradual decline of
the Roman Empire and fragmentation of Europe
• Primary unifying force: Roman Catholic Church
(AKA THE Church)
– How?
• The Pope anointed Holy Roman Emperors
• Missionaries carried Christianity to the Germanic Tribes
• Church served social, political, and religious needs of the
Foundation of Early Medieval Society
1. Classical heritage of Rome: Roman culture
still important, even though in decline—
giving way to Germanic culture
2. Christian Beliefs: most of Western Europe
(including most Germanic tribes)
3. Customs of Germanic Tribes: i.e. oral
tradition of song and language, no written
language, violence, and warfare
Changes in Western Europe
1. Disruption of Trade: frequent invasions caused trade
to break down, causing a decline in cities and a lack of
money in Western Europe
2. Downfall of Cities: cities were abandoned, lack of
3. Population shifts: people left cities for rural areas
4. Decline of learning: invaders!! Couldn’t read or write,
Roman culture in decline, knowledge of Greek nearly
disappeared, only literate people= monks and priests
5. Loss of a common language: different dialects of Latin
gave rise to Romance languages—(ie French and
Disruption of Trade
Influence of the Roman Catholic
Church in the Early Middle Ages
1. Roman authority declined, while church
authority grew
2. Monasteries preserved Greco-Roman cultural
1. Monks were the few who could read and
3. Missionaries carried Christianity and the Latin
alphabet to Germanic tribes
4. Pope Leo III anointed Charlemagne as the Holy
Roman Emperor in 800 CE
5. Parish priests served religious and social needs
of the people
Medieval Monks-Learning
Pope Leo III and Charlemagne
The Franks
• United by Clovis
– Converted people to Christianity
• Other important leaders:
– Charles Martel (came to power in
• Why was he important?
– Charlemagne (came to power in
• Expanded his kingdom by attacking
neighboring tribes
• Unified Europe for the 1st time since
the fall of the Roman Empire
Clovis—Baptism for Strategy
Charles the Hammer—Bane to
Charlemagne—Savior of the Holy
Roman Empire
Frankish Kings and the Church
1. Frankish kings used military power to expand their
territory to include most of Western Europe
– Empire united by the building of churches, roads, and
2. Connection with the Church reestablished Roman
culture in Western Europe
1. Charlemagne-crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman
2. Church power extended to political, or secular, affairs
• As Charlemagne’s authority breaks
down…what do you think will happen next?
Tombstones for the Franks
• For each of the following
events/individuals, create an
epitaph for a tombstone heading
that includes:
– Their name
– Their major accomplishments
– a symbol to represent them
– It should be creative and
The Roman Empire
Charles the Hammer
• Alexander the Great
"A tomb now suffices him for
whom the world was not
• MLK, Jr
"Free at last. Free at last.
Thank God Almighty I'm
Free At Last."
The Rise of Feudalism
• Background
– Invaders destroyed Roman ability to protect the
people of Western Europe
– People, in response to this lack of protection,
entered into feudal agreements with land-holding
lords who promised them protection
• Fief: piece of land
• Lord: landowner—granted land to a vassal in
exchange for loyalty and military service
• Vassal: one who received land from a lord,
pledged loyalty and military service
• Serf: workers/peasants who were tied/bound
to the land—worked to maintain the manor
• Feudal obligations: see above
• Medieval Manor: lord’s estate—houses and
land. Had its own:
– Rigid class structure (social)
– Self-sufficient economy (economic system)
• Place your SSF projects in the indicated
location against the wall by the Promethean
• Take out your outline for your outline quiz.
• BJOTD: How much does it cost for a pirate to
get his ears pierced?
Bellringer (5 mins)
Quiz (10 mins)
Feudalism (30 mins)
SOL Notes (15 mins)
SSF Presentations (30 mins)
Debriefing Questions
• Describe the role of the:
– King in feudalism
– Lords in feudalism
– Knights in feudalism
– Serfs in feudalism
• Why did this system of feudalism develop?
• Where would the church be in this system?
• Do you think this is a good system? Why or why
• Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and
shalt observe all its directions.
• Thou shalt defend the Church.
• Thou shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt
constitute thyself the defender of them.
• Thou shalt love the country in the which thou wast
• Thou shalt not recoil before the enemy.
• Thou shalt make war against the Infidel without
cessation, and without mercy.
• Thou shalt perform scrupulously thy feudal duties, if
they be not contrary to the laws of God.
• Thou shalt never lie, and shalt remain faithful to thy
pledged word.
• Thou shalt be generous, and give largesse to
• Thou shalt be everywhere and always the champion of
the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil.

The Rise of the Middle Ages