Romans 15:4-13
God’s Glory Personified
• Rom 15:4 NASB “For whatever was written in earlier
times was written for our instruction, so that through
perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures
we might have hope.”
– earlier times and for our instruction?
• II Tim 3:16, 17 ‘All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in
righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly
equipped for every good work’
– ‘It’s all for us - but not necessarily about us’
– perseverance and encouragement of the Scriptures
• What does this look like?
• Provide some personal examples
– we might have hope
Aug 26, 2007 Bob Eckel
Romans 15:4-13
God’s Glory Personified
• Present active subjunctive – that we might keep on having hope
– In context relates to Christ’s sufferings
» Identification – James 5:7-11
• Rom 15:5,6 - NASB “Now may the God who gives
perseverance and encouragement grant you to be of the
same mind with one another according to Christ Jesus,
so that with one accord you may with one voice glorify
the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
– II Cor 1:3 ‘Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus
Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort,’
– The call is to the same mind according to Christ Jesus
• Jew, Gentile, meats, no meats, …
• Eph 1:17 ‘that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory,
may give to you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of
Aug 26, 2007 Bob Eckel
Romans 15:4-13
God’s Glory Personified
• Phil 2:5 ‘Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus,’
– Our only and perfect metric
» It’s not simply being like-minded with one another, but one with Him
• I Pet 4:11 – ‘If anyone speaks, let him speak as the oracles of God. If
anyone ministers, let him do it as with the ability which God supplies,
that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom
belong the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.’
– The result - God is glorified
» How do you think we at Holly Hills are doing here?
• Rom 15:7 - NKJV “Therefore receive one another, just
as Christ also received us, to the glory of God.”
– What is the ‘therefore’ there for?
• receive – proslambanō, take to oneself
• Includes ‘all’ – the strong, weak, rich, poor, Jew, Gentile
Aug 26, 2007 Bob Eckel
Romans 15:4-13
God’s Glory Personified
• Rom 15:8,9 – NKJV “Now I say that Jesus Christ has become a
servant to the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the
promises made to the fathers, and that the Gentiles might glorify
God for His mercy, as it is written: "For this reason I will confess
to You among the Gentiles, And sing to Your name."”
– servant (minister) to the circumcision (Matt 15:24) – only scriptural use of
this phrase
– Christ is all to all!
• Rom 9:4,5 ‘who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the
covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises; of whom
are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over
all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.’
• Rom 4:16 ‘Therefore it is of faith that it might be according to grace, so that the
promise might be sure to all the seed, not only to those who are of the law, but
also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all’
– The OT quotation in verse 9 - Ps 18:49, is the 1st of 4 OT references that
also call the Gentile nations to praise God
• confess to = glorify
Aug 26, 2007 Bob Eckel
Romans 15:4-13
God’s Glory Personified
– The sequence of events - Acts 13:46 ‘Then Paul and Barnabas
grew bold and said, "It was necessary that the word of God
should be spoken to you first; but since you reject it, and judge
yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, behold, we turn to the
• See Eph 2:12-3:8
• Rom 15:10,11 – NKJV “And again he says:
"Rejoice, O Gentiles, with His people!” And again:
"Praise the LORD, all you Gentiles! Laud Him, all you
– Deut 32:43 and Ps 117:1 – God’s call to the OT nations to
rejoice with Israel
• Deut 32:43 – concludes the song of Moses
– Prophetic recitation of the history of Israel with a view of the Millennium
Aug 26, 2007 Bob Eckel
Romans 15:4-13
God’s Glory Personified
• Ps 117:1 – the shortest Psalm – 2 verses
– Notice that ‘all’ is used twice here
• Rom 15:12 – NKJV “And again, Isaiah says: "There
shall be a root of Jesse; And He who shall rise to reign
over the Gentiles, In Him the Gentiles shall hope.”
– Isaiah 11:10 "And in that day there shall be a Root of Jesse,
Who shall stand as a banner to the people; For the Gentiles
shall seek Him, And His resting place shall be glorious.“
• Relates to several passages in the book of Revelation and Daniel
– Rev 5:5 ‘But one of the elders said to me, "Do not weep. Behold, the Lion
of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the scroll and
to loose its seven seals.”
– Rev 22:16 "I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things in the
churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and
Morning Star.”
Aug 26, 2007 Bob Eckel
Romans 15:4-13
God’s Glory Personified
– Dan 7:14 ‘Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, That
all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion is an
everlasting dominion, Which shall not pass away, And His kingdom the one
Which shall not be destroyed.’
– All based on His resurrection – I Pet 1:21 and II Tim 2:8
• II Tim 2:8 is particularly nice in context because it mentions the seed of
– ‘Remember that Jesus Christ, of the seed of David, was raised from the
dead according to my gospel,’
• Rom 15:13 - NKJV “Now may the God of hope fill you
with all joy and peace in believing, that you may
abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.”
– This is the ‘benediction’ that closes the doctrinal section of
Romans (McGee)
– The God of hope – reflect back on verses 4,5, and 12
• Filled with joy and peace – is there any better alternative?
Aug 26, 2007 Bob Eckel
Romans 15:4-13
God’s Glory Personified
– ‘believing’ and ‘may abound’ – present, active, infinitive
• abound – think abundance!
– Rom 5:5 ‘Now hope does not disappoint, because the love of
God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who
was given to us.’
– hope – elpis, expectation that is typically with pleasure
– Notice the necessity of the Holy Spirit here
– Try doing it in your old man and in his strength and power!
– How is this accomplished?
– Newell claims that this verse is the ‘highest development of
Christian experience’
• Do you agree?
• Christian growth: saved from the penalty of sins, power over sin, service,
and then believing and abounding in hope.
Aug 26, 2007 Bob Eckel