The Bible
“All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable
for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training
in righteousness; 17 that the man of God may be adequate,
equipped for every good work,” (2 Tim. 3:16-17).
1. The Bible is the inspired and inerrant Word of God, a
collection of 66 books (39 in the OT and 27 in the New
Testament).
2. The Bible was written by over 40 different authors, from
about 1500 B.C. to about A.D. 90, on three continents, and in
three languages: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek.
3. The Old Testament is a history of God’s people and deals
with the origins of mankind in the book of Genesis, their
deliverance from captivity in the book of Exodus, and the
Law requirements.
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Page 1 of manual, paragraphs 1-3
The Bible
4.
5.
The first five books of the Old Testament are
known as the Pentateuch.
The New Testament was written from around 40 A.D. to 90
A.D.
Chapters in O.T. – 929; N.T. – 260; Verses in O.T. - 33,214; N.T. 7,959; Total number of verses - 41,173; Words in the O.T.
593,393; Words in N.T - 181,253; Total number of words 774,746; The shortest chapter is Psalm 117; The Longest is
Psalm 119; Ezra 7:21 contains all the letters of the alphabet
except “j.” Esther 8:9 is the longest verse. John 11:35 is the
shortest verse.
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Page 1 of manual, paragraphs 4-5
The Bible
The Protestant Christian Canon
Old Testament
New Testament
Pentateuch - 5 books
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
Historical Books - 5 books
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts
Historical Books - 12 books
Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel,
2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 & 2 Chronicles, Ezra,
Nehemiah, Esther
Poetical - 5 books
Job, Psalms, Proverbs,
Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon
Pauline Epistles - 13 books
Romans, 1 Corinthians,
2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians,
Colossians,
1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians,
1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon
Prophetical - 17 books
Major Prophets - Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations,
Ezekiel, Daniel
Minor Prophets - Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah,
Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah,
Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Non-Pauline Epistles - 9 books
Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter,
1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, Revelation
Note: Some authors attribute Hebrews to
Paul.
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Page 2 of manual
The Bible
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George Washington: “It is impossible to rightly govern the
world without God and the Bible.”
John Quincy Adams: “So great is my veneration of the
Bible, that the earlier my children begin to read it the more
confident will be my hope that they will prove useful
citizens of their country and respectable members of
society.” Andrew Jackson: “That book, sir, is the rock on
which our republic rests.”
Abraham Lincoln: “I believe the Bible is the best gift God
has ever given to man. All the good from the Savior of the
world is communicated to us through this book.”
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Page 4 of manual, paragraphs 4-5
The Bible - Inspiration and Inerrancy
6. The word "inspiration" means "God breathed.”
Therefore, when we say that the Bible is inspired,
we are saying that it is authored by God, that God moved
through the personality and abilities of the Biblical writers in
such a way that what they wrote was without error and was
correct in all that they addressed.
7. Therefore, the Scriptures are the product of both men and
God.
8. The process of inspiration was not a mechanical dictation
during which the apostles heard a voice and wrote down
what they heard. Nor does it mean they went into some sort
of a trance and God wrote through them without their
knowledge.
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Page 3 of manual, paragraphs 6-8
The Bible - Inspiration and Inerrancy
9.
Instead, the writers were free to write what
they wanted as they were moved by the Holy
Spirit. In fact, the writings reflect the
personalities and styles of the various writers. Yet, these
personalities and styles did not degrade the quality or
authority of the Biblical writing.
10. The Christian Church, through its councils in the first few
centuries, did not determine what the inspired Scriptures
were. They recognized what they were.
The authority to recognize scripture comes from God, not
from any church authority. Christian hear the voice of
Christ (John 10:27) and recognize his word. The Church did
not give us the Bible. God gave us the Bible. The Church
recognized God’s word.
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Page 3 of manual, paragraphs 9-10
The Bible - Inspiration and Inerrancy
11. Inerrancy means the Bible is without error in the original
documents, and that everything it addresses is without
error in fact and understanding. The Bible is not a scientific
book, but what it says scientifically, is accurate:
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The spherical shape of the earth - (Isaiah 40:22)
The earth is suspended on nothing - (Job. 26:7)
The stars are innumerable - (Gen. 15:5)
The existence of valleys in the seas - (2 Sam. 22:16)
The existence of springs and fountains in the sea - (Gen. 7:11; Prov.
8:28)
The existence of water paths (ocean currents) in the seas - (Psalm 8:8)
The water cycle - (Job. 26:8; 36:27-28; 37:16; Ps. 135:7; Ecc. 1:6-7)
The fact that all living things reproduce after their own kind - (Gen. 1:21;
6:19)
The nature of health, sanitation, and sickness - (Gen. 17:9-14; Lev. 1214)
The concept of entropy, that energy is running down - (Psalm 102:26)
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Page 4 of manual, paragraph 11
The Bible - Authority
"So shall My word be which goes forth from My mouth; It
shall not return to Me empty, without accomplishing what I
desire, and without succeeding in the matter for which I
sent it," (Isaiah 55:11).
12. Authority basically means, "The power and right to enforce
something." The Christian has the authority to be a child of
God (John 1:12). Jesus has authority to judge (John 5: 26).
Furthermore, in regard to the Bible, this authority is the right
to declare what is true and what is not true. This means that
the Bible carries the God-ordained and God-derived power of
proclaiming who God is, who and what He is not, who Jesus
is, what He did on the cross, and what is required of us in
order to be forgiven of our sins.
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Page 5 of manual, paragraphs 12-13
The Bible - Authority
13. The authority of Scripture is not derived by its relationship to
the Christian Church; that is, the Church does not grant
authority to the Bible.
14. Neither is Biblical authority derived by a consensus whereby
Christians agree that it has authority and then choose to
submit to it.
15. Instead, the authority of Scripture is derived by the virtue of
it being authored and inspired of God, and it has authority
over everyone, whether they are Christian or not.
16. Though not everyone submits to God's Word now, they will
later when the truths of God's Word are made evident on the
Day of Judgment. Because the Bible comes from God,
everything it says is true and authoritative, and will come to
pass.
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Page 5 of manual, paragraphs 13-16
The Bible - Authority
17. This means that the Bible has authority over all areas of the
Christian's life.
18. When you speak God's Word, you are speaking
authoritatively - so be careful what you say unless you
misrepresent God.
You need to study the Word, memorize Scripture,
and quote it to people when appropriate.
19. The Word of God is powerful, and it must be used during the
establishment and defense of the faith. Therefore, when
speaking forth the truth of God's Word, be confident that it
has the authority to accomplish what God wants it to (Isaiah
55:11).
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Page 6 of manual, paragraphs 17-19
Interpreting the Bible
20. Because we are sinners, we are incapable of interpreting
God’s Word perfectly all of the time. The body, mind, will,
and emotions are all affected by sin and this makes 100%
interpretive accuracy impossible. However, this
does not mean that accurate understanding of
God’s Word is unreachable. But it
One man regards
does mean that we need to approach His
one day above
Word with care, humility, prayer, and reason. another, another
regards every day
alike. Let each man
be fully convinced
in his own mind,”
(Rom. 14:5).
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Page 7 of manual, paragraph 20
Interpreting the Bible
21. Following are generally accepted principles of Biblical
interpretation. Here are some questions you should be
asking yourself when studying the Bible:
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Who wrote/spoke the passage and to whom was it addressed?
What does the passage say?
Are there any words or phrases in the passage that need to be
examined?
What is the immediate context?
What is the broader context in the chapter and book?
What are the related verses to the passage’s subject and how do they
affect the understanding of this passage?
What is the historical and cultural background?
What do I conclude about the passage?
Do my conclusions agree or disagree with related areas of Scripture
and with others who have studied the passage?
What have I learned and what must I apply to my life?
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Page 7 of manual, paragraph 21
Views on God: Atheism
"The fool has said in his heart,
‘There is no God,'" (Psalm 14:1).
22. Atheism is a denial of God and atheists offer
different definitions for what it is.
 "An atheist is someone who believes/knows there is no
god."
 "An atheist lacks belief in a god."
 "An atheist exercises no faith in the concept of god at all."
 "An atheist is someone who is a free-thinker, free from
religion and its ideas."
 A strong atheist believes there is no God.
 A weak atheist does not know if God exists or not.
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Page 8 of manual, paragraph 22
Views on God: Deism
23. A deist is someone who believes that God exists, but that He
is not involved in the world. He is somewhat like a
watchmaker who makes a watch, winds it up, and lets it run
on its own, with no further intervention. In deism, God made
the universe, "wound it up," and is letting it run.
He is not involved in the affairs of the universe,
or of men.
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Page 8 of manual, paragraph 23
Views on God: Theism
24. Theism is the position that maintains there is a God who is
distinct from the world/universe, that He created the
universe, and that He is involved in the world. Therefore,
theism includes Christianity as well as cults such as
Mormonism, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Islam.
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Page 9 of manual, paragraph 24
Views on God: Polytheism
25. Polytheism is the view that there are many gods in existence.
Groups that hold to this view are Mormonism, Hinduism, and
Wicca.
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Page 9 of manual, paragraph 25
Views on God: Monotheism
26. Monotheism is the view that there is only one God in all
existence. Groups that hold to this view are Christianity,
Judaism, and Islam.
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Page 9 of manual, paragraph 26
God – knowability of
"What was from the beginning, what we have
heard, what we have seen with our eyes, what
we beheld and our hands handled, concerning
the Word of Life— 2 and the life was manifested,
and we have seen and bear witness and proclaim to you the
eternal life, which was with the Father and was manifested
to us," (1 John 1:1-2).
27. General Revelation is where God has made
himself known through creation.
"For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes,
His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen,
being understood through what has been made, so that they
are without excuse,” (Rom. 1:18).
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Pages 9-10 of manual, paragraph 27
God – knowability of
27. The Bible tells us that even those without the Bible
can know a little about God. They can learn that God
is powerful, wise, and vast, by looking at creation.
But, this does not mean they can figure out that God is a
Trinity, or that Jesus is God in flesh, or that they need an
atonement to escape God's judgment.
Time
Space
Matter
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Page 10 of manual, paragraph 28
God – Special Revelation
29. Special revelation is another term for the Bible.
It is called “special” because it is God’s direct
written communication to us.
30. The Scriptures clearly teach us that God is the Almighty (Job
11:7), who is incomprehensible (Psalm 145:3), infinite (Psalm
147:5), and wholly "other." Yet, the Bible also tells us that
God is knowable (John 17:3; Gal. 4:8-9). This means that
though we cannot know Him exhaustively, we can know Him
at a level we can comprehend, even if it is limited to our finite
abilities.
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Page 11 of manual, paragraphs 29-30
God – Special Revelation
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We can know that God is love (1 John 4:8).
We can know that God loves us (John 3:16).
We can know that God is spirit (John 4:24).
We can know that God is holy (1 Peter 1:16).
We can know that God cannot lie (Titus 1:2).
We can know that God knows all things (1 John 3:20).
We can know that God is moral since he gave us the
Ten Commandments (Exodus 20).
T
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Page 11 of manual, paragraph 30
God – Special Revelation
31. The Bible is the Special Revelation of God to
us so that we might know his will more
accurately.
“Jesus said to him, ‘I am the way, and the truth, and the life;
no one comes to the Father, but through me,’” (John 14:6).
It is special revelation that informs us
of the person of Jesus, God’s
communication to us in human form
by which he died on the cross and rose
from the dead.
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Page 11 of manual, paragraph 31
Immutability of God
32. God is immutable. This means that God is unchangeable. He
is always the same. He does not grow in wisdom,
knowledge, scope, or power. He is eternally the same,
eternally perfect.
 “For I, the Lord, do not change; therefore you, O sons of
Jacob, are not consumed," (Mal. 3:6).
 "Every good thing bestowed and every perfect gift is from
above, coming down from the Father of lights, with
whom there is no variation, or shifting shadow," (James
1:17).
 "Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today, yes and
forever," (Heb. 13:8).
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Page 12 of manual, paragraph 32
Immutability of God
33. God does not change in his nature. He is always God (Psalm
90:2). Because God does not change, and because He knows
all things from all eternity, you can rest in the knowledge that
His plans for you are perfect. From all eternity His knowledge
has been perfect, and when He created the universe and put
you in it, He did so with a plan and a purpose. He is not
surprised by your choices, nor is He going to give up on you
because of your sin. He has loved you forever, in an
unchanging and perfect way.
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Page 12 of manual, paragraph 33
God – Holiness
34. Holiness in character is the possession of God alone. It is the
unchanging purity and perfection of His wondrous
character. His character is perfect in morality, essence, and
purity.
35. God cannot sin.
36. God alone is worthy of worship, honor, and glory.
He cannot be anything other than pure and
perfect in all His ways.
37. God cannot improve or diminish in moral quality and purity.
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Page 12 of manual, paragraphs 34-37
God – Nature of
38. When we speak of the nature of something, we're speaking
of its essence. So, when we are speaking of the nature of
God, we are speaking about what God is in his innermost
being.
39. Unfortunately, when speaking about God and his nature, we
must use anthropomorphic terms. In other words, we must
use human terms to describe God.
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Page 13 of manual, paragraphs 38-39
God – Nature of
Nature
 God Does Not Change - Num. 23:19; Mal. 3:6; James
1:17
 God is Without Limit - 1 Kings 8:27; Jer. 23:23-24
 God is Eternal - Psalm 90:2; 1 Tim. 1:17
 God is One - Deut. 6:4; 1 Cor. 8:4
 God is Trinitarian - Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14
 God is Invisible - 1 Tim. 1:17
 God is Truth - Psalm 117:2; Jer. 10:10
 God is Light - 1 John 1:5
 God is Infinite - Jer. 23:24; Psalm 147:5
 God is Perfect - 1 Kings 8:27; Psalm 139
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Page 13 of manual, paragraph 39
God – Nature of
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Attributes
God is Love - 1 John 4:8,16
God is Merciful - Exodus 34:6; Psalm 67:1; James 5:11
God is Forgiving - Dan. 9:9; Eph. 1:7; Psalm 86:5
God is All-Knowing - 1 John 3:20
God is Everywhere - Psalm 139:7-12
God is All-Powerful - Jer. 32:17,27
God is Incomprehensible - Rom. 11:33; Psalm 145:3
God is Most Wise - Rom. 16:27; Jude 25
God is Most Holy - Isaiah 6:3; Rev. 4:8
God is Most Free - Psalm 115:3
God is Most Absolute - Isaiah 44:6; Acts 17:24-25
God is The Creator - Isaiah 40:12,22,26
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Page 13 of manual, paragraph 39
Omniscience
"...for God is greater than our heart, and knows all things,”
(1 John 3:20).
40. Omniscience is that quality of knowing all things. There is
nothing that God does not know whether it be actual or
potential. This means that God knows everything that does
exist as well as could exist.
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Page 14 of manual, paragraph 40
Omnipresence
41. Omnipresence is that quality of being everywhere.
42. God's presence is in the entire universe, in all places, in all
time, in all dimensions.
"Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from
your presence? 8 If I ascend to heaven, you are there; If I
make my bed in Sheol, behold, you are there. 9 If I take the
wings of the dawn, if I dwell in the remotest part of the
sea, 10 even there your hand will lead me and your right
hand will lay hold of me. 11 If I say, 'Surely the darkness will
overwhelm me, and the light around me will be night,' 12
Even the darkness is not dark to you, and the night is as
bright as the day. Darkness and light are alike to you,"
(Psalm 139:7-12).
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Page 14 of manual, paragraphs 41-42
Omnipotence
“Ah Lord God! Behold, you made the heavens and the earth
by Your great power and by Your outstretched arm! Nothing
is too difficult for You...27 Behold, I am the Lord, the God of
all flesh; is anything too difficult for me?” (Jer. 32:17, 27 ).
43. God is able, because of his infinite power, to accomplish
anything he desires.
44. God will not desire to do anything contrary to his nature nor
can God accomplish the logically impossible such as make a
round square, or not be what he is. Therefore, God is allpowerful, and can do whatever he desires to do.
 Notice the trinity of omni’s: Knows all, is everywhere,
is all powerful. God cannot not know something
 God is everywhere in the universe
 God can do anything he desires.
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Page 15 of manual, paragraphs 43-44
God – Trinity
45. The word "trinity" is a term used to denote the Christian
doctrine that God exists as a unity of three distinct persons:
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
46. The Father is not the same person as the Son who is not the
same person as the Holy Spirit. Yet, there are not three gods,
but only one.
47. If you remember an earlier lesson about God being revealed
in nature, we can find an analogy to use to describe the
Trinity.
Time
Space
Matter
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Page 16 of manual, paragraphs 45-47
God – Trinity, continued
48. Let’s take a look at time. Time consists of three “parts”: past,
present, and future. Each part shares the same nature of being
time. Yet, the past is not the same as the present which is not
the same as the future. However, there are not three times,
but one thing we call time that encompasses three parts: past,
present, and future.
49. Likewise the Trinity is one God with three "parts", the Father,
the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Each shares the same essence of
being divine, yet there are not three gods, but one.
"The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and
the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all,”
(2 Cor. 13:14).
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Page 16 of manual, paragraphs 48-49
God – Trinity, continued
50. So when developing the doctrine of the
Trinity, we first understand that the Bible
teaches there is only one God in all existence.
 I am the LORD, and there is no other; besides me there
is no God," (Isaiah 45:5).
 “Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And his
Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: ‘I am the first and I am the
last, and there is no God besides me,'" (Isaiah 44:6).
 "I am the Lord, and there is no other; besides me there
is no God," (Isaiah 55:5).
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Page 17 of manual, paragraph 50
God – Trinity, continued
51. Once we see there is only one God, we then see what the
Scripture says about the Father, The Son, and The Holy Spirit.
FATHER
SON
HOLY SPIRIT
Called God
Phil. 1:2
John 1:1,14
Acts 5:3-4
Speaks
Matt. 3:17
Luke 5:20
Acts 8:29
A Will
Luke 22:42
Luke 22:42
1 Cor. 12:11
Love
John 3:16
Eph. 5:25
Rom. 15:30
Everywhere
1 Kings 8:27
Matt. 28:20
Psalm 139:7-10
All knowing
1 John 3:20
John 16:30
1 Cor. 2:10-11
Creator
Isaiah 64:8
Col. 1:15-17
Job 33:4,26:13
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Page 17 of manual, paragraph 51
God – Trinity, continued
52. Theologians have designated the encompassing of these
attributes in the term "person". As you can see, each of the
persons is called God, speaks, as a will, loves, is everywhere, is
all-knowing, etc.
53. In the context of the Trinity, the word person does not
designate a being the way we would speak of a person who
might speak to on the street. Theologians use the term to
designate the three "parts" each of which is self-aware, aware
of others, his divine, speaks, etc.
54. Therefore, the Trinity is arrived at by using Scripture and logic.
If there is only one God, and the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
are each called God, then we have one God in three persons.
"Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing
them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy
Spirit," (Matt. 28:19).
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Page 18 of manual, paragraphs 52-54
Jesus
"You search the Scriptures, because you think that in them
you have eternal life; and it is these that bear witness of
me," (John 5:39).
55. Jesus is who the Bible is about. He is the most important figure
in human history.
56. Jesus claimed to be God in flesh. He said, “Before
Abraham was, I am,” (John 8:58). He was
referencing Exodus 3:14 when Moses asked God what was his
name and God answered, “I am that I am am.” Jesus is called
the exact representation of God (Heb. 1:3). And when he was
called God by Thomas (John 20:28), Jesus did not deny it.
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Page 19 of manual, paragraphs 55-56
Jesus
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Jesus is the Creator of all things (John 1:1-3; Col. 1:15-17)
Jesus is the Rock (1 Cor. 10:4)
Jesus is the King (Matt. 2:1-6; Luke 23:3)
Jesus is the Light of the world (Rom. 9:5)
Jesus is the Savior (John 4:42; 1 John 4:14)
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Page 19 of manual, paragraph 56
Jesus
57. It is Jesus who died for us (1 Thess. 5:10), and rose again in
the same body he died in (John 2:19-21; 1 Thess. 4:14). It is
Jesus who reveals grace and truth (John 1:17; John 6:45),
who reveals the Father (Matt. 11:27; Luke 10:22), who
cleanses us from our sins (1 John 1:9), is worshipped, (Matt.
2:2,11; 14:33; John 9:35-38; Heb. 1:6), gives eternal life
(John 10:28; 5:40), and who alone is the way,
the truth, and the life (John 14:6).
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Page 19 of manual, paragraph 57
The Hypostatic Union
58. The hypostatic Union is the theological term used to describe
the two natures of Jesus existing in one person. So, in the one
person of Jesus there are two distinct natures: God and Man.
GOD
MAN
He is worshiped (Matt. 2:2,11; 14:33).
He worshiped the Father (John 17).
He was called God (John 20:28; Heb. 1:8)
He was called Son of God (Mark 1:1)
He was called man (Mark 15:39; John
19:5).
He was called Son of Man (John 9:35-37)
He is prayed to (Acts 7:59).
He prayed to the Father (John 17).
He gives eternal life (John 10:28).
He died (Rom. 5:8).
All the fullness of deity dwells in Him (Col.
2:9).
He has a body of flesh and bones (Luke
24:39).
59. Because Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary, he was made under
the law. This was so he might fulfill the law of God perfectly.
After all, only God could live his law perfectly and not sin.
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Page 20 of manual, paragraphs 58-59
The Hypostatic Union
"But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His
Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, (Gal. 4:4).
59. Because Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary, he was made under
the law. This was so he might fulfill the law of God perfectly.
After all, only God could live his law perfectly and not sin. 1 Pet.
2:22 when referring to Jesus says, “…who committed no sin, nor
was any deceit found in his mouth.”
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Page 20 of manual, paragraph 59
Purpose of the incarnation
60. The purpose of the Incarnation is multifaceted. Of course, its
primary purpose was to provide an atoning sacrifice, by which
we might be saved from the righteous judgment of God.
61. Without the shed blood of Christ, there is
no hope for anyone to be forgiven of his or
her sins (Heb. 9:22). This is perhaps the
greatest purpose of the incarnation. But
forgiveness of sins isn’t the only reason Jesus
became a man. reasons.
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Page 21 of manual, paragraphs 60-61
Purpose of the incarnation
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. . . explain the Father (John 1:18)
. . . render the devil powerless (Heb. 2:14)
. . . serve (Matt. 20:28)
. . . preach the Kingdom of God (Luke 4:43)
. . . bring division (Luke 12:51)
. . . do the will of the Father (John 6:38)
. . . give the Father's words (John 17:8)
. . . testify to the truth (John 18:37)
. . . destroy Satan's power (Heb. 2:14)
. . . fulfill the Law and the Prophets (Matt. 5:17)
. . . give life (John 10:10,28)
. . . taste death for everyone (Heb. 2:9)
. . . proclaim freedom for believers (Luke 4:18).
Page 21 of manual, paragraphs 60-61
Jesus – as mediator
"For there is one God, and one mediator also between
God and men, the man Christ Jesus,” (1 Tim. 2:5).
62. A mediator is a go-between, someone who intervenes on
behalf of two parties. A Jesus is our mediator by virtue of his
being God in flesh and fulfilling the law perfectly. This means
that our prayers to God can be heard through the mediation
of Christ. Jesus is the mediator of a new covenant.
"And for this reason He is the mediator of a new
covenant, in order that since a death has taken place for
the redemption of the transgressions that were
committed under the first covenant, those who have
been called may receive the promise of the eternal
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inheritance,” (Heb. 9:15).
Page 22 of manual, paragraph 62
Jesus – as mediator
63. In the New Covenant, Jesus has provided a new
arrangement between God and people in which the Law of
God is written on our hearts instead of tablets of stone,
(Jeremiah 31:31-33).
“Mr. Daniel Webster, can you comprehend how Christ
could be both God, and man? Mr. Webster promptly
replied, “No, sir, I cannot comprehend it. If I could
comprehend Him, He would be no greater than me. I feel
that I need a super-human Savior.”
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Page 22 of manual, paragraph 63
Jesus’ death
64. The death of Jesus Christ is the single most important
event in the history of the entire universe. The reason
the crucifixion is so important is because of who was
crucified -- not because of the objects for whom the crucifixion was
intended. The value of the Cross is found in the One who was
crucified there, not for whom He died.
65. The death of Jesus is the death of the Man Who is the Word made
flesh (John 1:14). The death of Christ is the event wherein God
allowed Himself to succumb to the sinfulness of man, that He might
redeem man. The death of Christ is the event in which God
became weak, so that we might become strong. The death of
Christ is the event in which God suffered, so that we will
not. Because it is God who died on the Cross, His death is of
infinite value. Because His death is of infinite value, it is
sufficient to cleanse us all of our sins (1 John 1:7).
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Page 23 of manual, paragraphs 64-65
Jesus’ death
66. Furthermore, the death of Christ was a condemnation of the
idea that we can earn our place with God.
Our righteous deeds are filthy rags before
God (Isa. 64:6) and because we are affected
by sin in all that we are, we are unable to
keep the Law perfectly. For this reason, righteousness does
not come by the Law. If it did, then Jesus died needlessly: "I do
not nullify the grace of God; for if righteousness
comes through the Law, then Christ died
“When Jesus became
sin for us, our sins
needlessly," (Gal. 2:21). Since He did need to
were laid upon Him as
die, then we cannot be made right before
He bore them in His
body on the Cross
God by what we do, and we must rely on
(1 Pet. 2:24). When
what God does.
He died, those sins
died with Him.”
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Page 23 of manual, paragraph 66
What Did Jesus' Death on the Cross
Accomplish?
67. The death of Jesus on the Cross is what cleanses us from our
sins. Our sins were imputed to Christ which means they were
reckoned to his account. That is, they became
His, and thus He became sin: "He made Him who
knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, that we might
become the righteousness of God in Him,"
(Gal. 5:21). When Jesus became sin for us, our sins were
laid upon Him as He bore them in His body on the Cross (1 Pet.
2:24). When He died, those sins died with Him. Since the Bible
tells us that sins are cleansed by blood (Heb. 9:22), the shed
blood of Jesus cleanses us of all sins: "but if we walk in the
light as He Himself is in the light, we have fellowship with one
another, and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all
sin," (1 John 1:7).
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Page 24 of manual, paragraph 67
What Did Jesus' Death on the Cross
Accomplish?
Therefore, the death of Jesus on the Cross removed
our sin, made us right before God, saved us from the
wrath of God, and guaranteed that we will forever
be with the Lord.
I counted dollars while God counted crosses.
I counted gains while He counted losses!
I counted my worth by the things gained in store.
But He sized me up by the scars that I bore.
I coveted honors and sought for degrees;
He wept as He counted the hours on my knees.
And I never knew ’til one day at a grave,
How vain are these things that we spend life to save!
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Page 24 of manual, paragraph 67
Jesus’ Resurrection
68. The resurrection of Jesus is an essential
doctrine in Christianity. If Jesus is not
raised from the dead, then we are dead in our sins.
1 Cor. 15:14 says, "and if Christ has not been raised, then our
preaching is vain, your faith also is vain." Without the
resurrection, we have no hope of being delivered from the
jaws of eternal death. His resurrection was proof that his
sacrifice was acceptable to God the Father.
69. Jesus rose from the dead, physically. We know this, because
He prophesied He would rise physically. "Jesus answered and
said to them, 'Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise
it up.' 20The Jews therefore said, 'It took forty-six years to build
this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?' 21But He was
speaking of the temple of His body," (John 2:19-21).
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Page 25 of manual, paragraphs 68-69
Jesus’ Resurrection
70. But, to make the point extra strong, let's
look at other verses that show His physical
resurrection:
 "See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself; touch Me
and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you
see that I have," (Luke 24:39).
 "When therefore it was evening, on that day, the first day
of the week, and when the doors were shut where the
disciples were, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood
in their midst, and said to them, "Peace be with you."
20And when He had said this, He showed them both His
hands and His side. The disciples therefore rejoiced when
they saw the Lord," (John 20:19-20).
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Page 25 of manual, paragraph 69
Jesus’ Resurrection
71. Jesus retained his crucifixion wounds. “He said to Thomas,
“Reach here your finger, and see my hands; and reach here
your hand, and put it into my side; and be not unbelieving, but
believing,” (John 20:27). This is proof that He conquered
death. Therefore, you can rest assured that you too will be
raised from the dead. After all, Jesus is the firstborn of the
dead, and you will follow Him, in the resurrection. Because
Jesus was raised, you will also be raised, and death will have no
dominion over you.
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Page 26 of manual, paragraph 71
Jesus’ Resurrection
72. Jesus rose in a glorified body. It was the same body he died in,
but it was glorified – just like the bodies we will have in the
future resurrection.
“So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown a
perishable body, it is raised an imperishable body; 43 it is
sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness,
it is raised in power; 44 it is sown a natural body, it is raised
a spiritual body…” (1 Cor. 15:42-44).
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Page 26 of manual, paragraph 72
Jesus is still a man
73. Jesus rose from the dead in the same body in which He died,
but is Jesus a man, right now? The answer is yes, Jesus is a man,
right now. Nowhere in the Bible does it say that Jesus stopped
being a man. If anything, the New Testament speaks to the
contrary:
 "For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form,"
(Col. 2:9).
 "For there is one God, and one mediator also between God
and men, the man Christ Jesus," (1 Tim. 2:5).
74. Since He is a man, He perpetually acts as our Mediator (1 Tim.
2:5) and High Priest (Heb. 6:20; 7:25) to the Father, eternally
guaranteeing our presence with Him in a state of grace,
forgiveness, and fellowship.
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Page 26 of manual, paragraphs 73-74
Jesus is still a man
When that great Christian and scientist, Sir Michael Faraday, was
dying, some journalists questioned him as to his speculations for a
life after death. “Speculations!” said he, “I know nothing about
speculations. I’m resting on certainties. “I know that my redeemer
liveth,” and because He lives, I shall live also.”
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Page 26 of manual, paragraphs 73-74
Jesus’ Three offices: Prophet
"I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen
like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall
speak to them all that I command him," (Deut. 18:18).
75. As a Prophet, Jesus brought the words of God to us. He not
only carried out the Father's will, but He revealed the will
and word of God to us, in His own flesh (John 1:14).
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Page 27 of manual, paragraph 75
Jesus’ Three offices: Prophet
76. In the Old Testament, prophets gave the word of God, and
often performed miracles to validate their office. The same
can be said of Jesus. He gave us the words of God, through
Himself, and performed many miracles, by which His words
were verified as being authoritative. As a prophet would
reveal God, so too did Jesus reveal the Father (Matt. 11:27),
because Jesus is the exact representation of Him (Heb.
1:3). Therefore, when we see Jesus, we are seeing the
Father (John 14:9), not because Jesus is the Father, but
because Jesus so perfectly represents Him.
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Page 27 of manual, paragraph 76
Jesus’ Three offices: Priest
“Where Jesus has entered as a forerunner for us, having
become a high priest forever according to the order of
Melchizedek," (Heb. 6:20).
77. In the Old Testament the priest mediated the sacrifices,
whereby the people of Israel could be cleansed of their
sins. Jesus is the Priest after the order of Melchizedek, and he
offered up Himself as the sacrifice. “


Jesus ...does not need daily, like those high priests, to offer up
sacrifices, first for His own sins, and then for the sins of the
people, because this He did once for all when He offered up
Himself," (Heb. 7:27).
"Hence, also, He is able to save forever those who draw near to
God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for
them," (Heb. 7:25).
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Page 28 of manual, paragraph 77
Jesus’ Three offices: Priest
78. We have a Priest who intercedes for us, forever. This means
we always have an advocate before the Father, and will always
be delivered from the righteous wrath of God. We will always
dwell with God.
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Page 28 of manual, paragraph 78
Jesus’ Three offices: King
"Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O
daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is
just and endowed with salvation, humble, and mounted on a
donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a donkey," (Zech. 9:9).
"Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw
His star in the east, and have come to worship Him,” (Matthew
2:2).
79. A king rules over his people. Jesus, as King, has defeated the
devil, who is our greatest enemy. He has also defeated death,
and has delivered us from its dominion. Though death can still
claim us, it cannot be victorious over us. Jesus has defeated
death by His resurrection and is our King now. Remember,
Jesus said His kingdom is not of this world (John 18:36).
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Page 29 of manual, paragraph 79
Jesus’ Three offices: King
80. His kingdom is presently the Christian Church over which He
rules. Later, at His return, the heavens will reveal His
greatness, and all creation will be subjected to Him. He is the
King, and He will claim His rightful and total rule over all things.
Socrates taught for 40 years, Plato for 50, Aristotle for 40, and Jesus for only 3.
Yet the influence of Christ’s 3-year ministry infinitely transcends the impact left
by the combined 130 years of teaching from these men who were among the
greatest philosophers of all antiquity. Jesus painted no pictures; yet, some of the
finest paintings of Raphael, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci received their
inspiration from Him. Jesus wrote no poetry; but Dante, Milton, and scores of
the world’s greatest poets were inspired by Him. Jesus composed no music; still
Haydn, Handel, Beethoven, Bach, and Mendelssohn reached their highest
perfection of melody in the hymns, symphonies, and oratories they composed in
His praise. Every sphere of human greatness has been enriched by this humble
Carpenter of Nazareth.
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Page 29 of manual, paragraph 80
The Holy Spirit
81. The Holy Spirit is the third Person in the Trinity.
He is fully God. He is eternal, omniscient,
omnipresent, has a will, and can speak. He is alive. He is a
Person, in the same way the Father and the Son are
Persons. He is not a mere force, or inanimate presence.
His Names
His Attributes
Sins Against
God
Acts 5:3-4
Eternal
Heb. 9:14
Blasphemy
Matt. 12:31
Lord
2 Cor. 3:18
Omnipotent
Luke 1:35
Resist (Unbelief)
Acts 7:51
Spirit of God
1 Cor. 3:16
Will
1 Cor. 12:11
Lied to
Acts 5:3
Spirit of Truth
John 15:26
Loves
Rom. 15:30
Grieved
Eph. 4:30
Eternal Spirit
Heb. 9:14
Speaks
Acts 8:29; 13:2
Quench
1 Thess. 5:19
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Page 30 of manual, paragraph 81
The Holy Spirit, works of
82. The Holy Spirit is not some idle presence of
God uninvolved in the creation, or mankind.
The Holy Spirit is very active in the lives of believers. We need
the Holy Spirit to guide us, inform us, to convict us of our sin,
and to strengthen us in our Christian walk.








Access to God – Eph. 2:18
Anoints for Service - Luke 4:18
Assures - Rom. 8:15-16; Gal. 4:6
Baptizes - John 1:32-34; 1 Cor.
12:13-14
Believers Born of - John 3:3-6
Cleanses - 2 Thess. 3:13; 1 Pet. 1:2
Convicts of Sin - John 16:9,14
Creates - Gen. 1:2; Job 33:4






Empowers - 1 Thess. 1:5
Fills - Acts 2:4; 4:29-31; 5:18-20
Gives Gifts - 1 Cor. 12:8-11
Guides in Truth - John 16:13
Helps our Weakness - Rom. 8:26
Indwells Believers - Rom. 8:9-14;
Gal. 4:6
 Inspires Prayer - Eph. 6:18; Jude
20
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Page 31 of manual, paragraph 82
The Holy Spirit, works of
82. …continued








Intercedes - Rom. 8:26
Leads - Rom. 8:14
Molds Character - Gal. 5:22-23
Produces Fruit - Gal. 5:22-23
Empowers Believers - Luke 24:49
Raises from the Dead - Rom. 8:11
Regenerates - Titus 3:5
Sanctifies - Rom. 15:16
 Seals - Eph. 1:13-14; 4:30
 Strengthens - Eph. 3:16; Acts 1:8;
2:4
 Teaches - John 14:26
 Testifies of Jesus - John 15:26
 Victory over flesh - Rom. 8:2-4;
Gal. 4:6
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Page 31 of manual, paragraph 82
Man – image of God
83. Man is the only creature that is made
in the image of God. Adam had the
breath of life breathed into him, whereas the animals did not
(Gen. 2:7).
84. This means that man is like God in various ways. God can
reason, as can we. God can love, hate, show kindness, be
merciful, etc., and so can we.
85. The animals do not write poetry, contemplate the
meaning of life, participate in political activities,
develop orphanages, build hospitals, ponder the
vastness of the universe, make moral choices, or
attend schools.
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Page 32 of manual, paragraphs 83-85
Man – image of God
86. God is concerned with man. Man is the object of God's
creative and redemptive work. God loves us (John 3:16),
provides for us (Matt. 5:43-47), and has provided redemption
for us through His Son (John 3:16).
87. The image of God in man is the overall reflection of God's
abilities and reason, emotion, morality, etc. In this, we reflect
God; we are made in the image and likeness of
God. Therefore, this means that all people all over the world
are also made in the image of God, and because they are, they
are automatically worthy of respect and proper treatment,
regardless of religion, color, sex, status, or age.
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Page 32 of manual, paragraphs 86-87
Immortality of the soul
"We are confident, I say, and would prefer to be away from
the body and at home with the Lord,” (2 Cor. 5:8).
When a person dies, does he or she cease to exist
upon death, only to be resurrected at a later time, or
does the soul continue after death, separate from the
physical body?
88. The Scripture above tells us that when we die we
go to be with the Lord. But, some say that we
don’t go to be with him until after we are made
alive again. Let’s take a look at a well-known story
in the Bible that will clarify the issue.
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Page 33 of manual, paragraph 88
Immortality of the soul
“There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine
linen and lived in luxury every day. 20 At his gate was laid a
beggar named Lazarus, covered with sores…22The time came
when the beggar died and the angels carried him to
Abraham’s side. The rich man also died and was buried. 23 In
hell, where he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham
far away, with Lazarus by his side. 24 So he called to him,
‘Father Abraham, have pity on me and send Lazarus to dip the
tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue,
because I am in agony in this fire,”
(Luke 16:19-20, 22-24).
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Page 33 of manual, paragraph 88
Immortality of the soul
89. Jesus tells us in the story (not a parable since it has a named
person) about two people who both died and were conscious
after death.
"But I am hard-pressed from both directions, having the
desire to depart and be with Christ, for that is very much
better; 24 yet to remain on in the flesh is more necessary for
your sake," (Phil. 1:23-24).
90. Of course, the implication here is that for Paul to leave his
body (to die), is to go and be with Jesus. If the soul does not
exist after death, then this would not make sense. So, it
should be quite clear from Scripture that the soul continues
after death.
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Page 33 of manual, paragraphs 88-89
The Fall
91. The Fall is that event in which Adam and Eve, the first
humans, freely chose to rebel against God,
and thereby sinned. Because of their sin,
Adam and Eve fell away from their original righteousness
and communion with God.
92. The instigator of the Fall was Satan, in the form of the
Serpent, who deceived Eve, and encouraged her to eat the
fruit that God had forbidden. In Gen. 2:16-17,
God said, "From any tree of the garden you may
eat freely; 17 but from the tree of the knowledge
of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day
that you eat from it you shall surely die.” The serpent
contradicted God's Word, and so deceived Eve:
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Page 35 of manual, paragraphs 91-92
The Fall
"Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field
which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman,
“Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the
garden’?” 2 And the woman said to the serpent, “From the
fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; 3 but from the fruit
of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said,
‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, lest you die.’” 4 And the
serpent said to the woman, “You surely shall not die!" (Gen.
3:1-4).
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Page 35 of manual, paragraph 92
The Fall
93. Satan contradicted God's Word, and Eve believed
what Satan said. She then ate of the fruit and
sinned. Adam followed in Eve's footsteps,
freely choosing to rebel against God, and ate the fruit from the
Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, from which God had
commanded them not to eat.
94. One of the consequences of The Fall was that
Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of
Eden. They were cast out of the presence of God,
and were then destined to experience physical
death. In addition, their natures were corrupted,
and they became sinful in heart. In other words,
sin then affected all of what they were in body,
soul, mind, emotions, etc.
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Page 35-36 of manual, paragraphs 93-94
The Fall, continued
“What hath God wrought?” - First long-distance message by Morse
telegraph.
“Mr. Watson, come here, I want you.” - First intelligible words sent
by telephone.
“The Italian navigator has landed, and the natives are friendly.” First message to the world that atomic energy was born.
“That’s one small step for man; one giant leap for mankind.” - First
words from Astronaut Neil Armstrong, as he stepped onto the
moon’s surface.
“Where art thou?” - First words spoken by God to Adam and Eve,
after they had sinned (Genesis 3:9).
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Page 36 of manual
The Fall, man’s fallen nature
When God first made Adam and Eve, they were pure and
sinless. But, what happened to Adam and Eve when they
sinned? How were they affected?
95. Because Adam and Eve rebelled against God, they became
sinners. Their natures were affected by their sinfulness. They
were subject to death, and they were cast out of the presence
of the Lord.
96. Furthermore, as a result of their sin, we who are their offspring
inherited their sinful natures. That is, we are born with fallen
natures; the same fallen natures possessed by Adam and
Eve. We call this, "Original Sin."
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Page 37 of manual, paragraphs 95-96
The Fall, man’s fallen nature,
97. We are, by nature, worthy of damnation (Eph. 2:3), because
we are dead in our trespasses and sins (Eph. 2:1). This does
not mean that we are as sinful as we can be. It means that we
are all touched by sin in all our being; body, soul, mind,
emotions, etc.
98. Furthermore, we do not become sinners by
sinning. We sin because it is our nature to sin you don't have to teach a child to be selfish.
there is nothing in us that merits or enables
salvation. We are, therefore, born into a state
of condemnation. "...and [we] were by nature children of
wrath, even as the rest," (Eph. 2:3).
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Page 37 of manual, paragraphs 97-98
The Fall, man’s fallen nature,
99. As a result of our sinful condition the Bible says that the
unbeliever is unable to understand God, seek God, or do any
good thing. This is why we need the work of the Holy Spirit to
convict sinners of their sins, and bring them to Christ. People
cannot come to Christ on their own without the work of the
Holy Spirit.
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Page 37 of manual, paragraph 99
The Fall, man’s fallen nature,
God saved us not because of our ability or because of
a good quality in us. He saved us because of his
goodness and love.
"...both Jews and Greeks are all under sin as it is written,
'There is none righteous, not even one; there is none who
understands, there is none who seeks for God; all have
turned aside, together they have become useless; there is
none who does good, there is not even one,'" (Rom. 3:9-12).
"And this is the judgment, that the light is come into the
world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light; for
their deeds were evil," (John 3:19).
"But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit
of God; for they are foolishness to him, and he cannot
understand them, because they are spiritually appraised,"
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(1 Cor. 2:14).
Page 37 of manual, paragraph 99
The Fall, man’s fallen nature,
A flippant youth asked a preacher, “You say that unsaved people
carry a weight of sin. I feel nothing. How heavy is sin? Is it ten
pounds? Eighty pounds?” The preacher replied by asking the
youth, “If you laid a four-hundred-pound weight on a corpse, would
it feel the load?” The youth replied, “It would feel nothing, because
it is dead.” The preacher concluded, “That spirit, too, is indeed
dead which feels no load of sin, or is indifferent to its burden, and
flippant about its presence.” The youth was silenced!
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Page 37 of manual, paragraph 99
The Law
100. The Law is the set of commands that God has given that his
people are to follow. The Old Testament Law, which
consisted of a total of 613 commandments, is broken down
into three main categories:
The moral law is a reflection of God's character.
The judicial law is that part of the Old Testament Law
dealing with government, punishments, etc.
The ceremonial law deals with the Old Testament
sacrifices offered by the priests.
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Page 37 of manual, paragraphs 100-103
The Law
101. The moral law is based on God’s character and can
never be done away with.
102. The judicial law dealt with Israel’s governmental and
legal system and is no longer in effect since we do not
live under a theocratic governmental system.
103. The ceremonial law was fulfilled in Christ when he went
to the cross so we have no further need of the priestly
ceremonies.
The moral law is a reflection of God's holy
character. Jesus said in Matt. 12:34, "out of
the abundance of the heart the mouth
speaks." God spoke the law out of his
heart.
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Page 39 of manual, paragraphs 101-103
The Law, what it does
104. The Old Testament Law was given so that we
might recognize that the moral standard of God
is perfection and that we are not able to keep that
Standard.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
The Law reveals our sinfulness, (Rom. 3:20).
The Law is for those who are not under grace,
(Rom. 3:19).
The Law justifies no one, (Rom. 3:20).
We are made righteous in God’s eyes by grace
apart from the Law of God, (Rom. 3:28).
The Law brings judgment, (Rom. 4:15).
The Law prepares us for the gospel, (Rom. 3:20;
Gal. 3:24).
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Page 40 of manual, paragraph 104
The Law, what it does
A leader in a congregation came to the preacher on one
occasion and urged him to cease using the word “sin”. He said,
“Call it something else, as 'inhibition,' or, 'error,' or 'a mistake,'
or even 'a twist in our nature.'” “I understand what you
mean,” the preacher remarked, and going to his desk brought
out a vial of poison. You will see that the red label here reads,
'Poison.' Would you suggest that I change the label, and paste
one on that says, 'Wintergreen?' The more harmless the
name, the more dangerous the dose will be.”
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Page 41 of manual
The Law, what is sin?
“For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,”
(Rom. 3:23).
105. Sin is the transgression, the breaking of the Law of God.
“Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness; and
sin is lawlessness,” (1 John 3:4).
106. To sin is to offend the character of God. If God did not punish
the sinner, he would be approving of the sin. But God is holy
and cannot abide in sin or approve of it.
107. To sin is to rebel against God’s word, to offend his character,
to challenge his goodness, to ignore his authority, to defy him,
and to incur an infinite punishment.
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Page 41 of manual, paragraphs 105-107
The Law, what is sin?
But we must ask a question: Why should even a small sin
offend so great a God?
It is not the offense that as important as
whom the offense is against.
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Page 41 of manual, paragraph 107
The Law, what is sin?
108. If someone were to slap a neighbor, the neighbor would
be offended and perhaps angry. If the same person were
to slap a king or a president, the person would face a
more severe punishment. The offense
is greater because of who it is against. Since
God is holy and infinite, to sin against him
results in an infinite punishment.
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Page 42 of manual, paragraph 108
The Origin of Sin
109. Sin began with Satan who rebelled against
God in the spiritual realm when he wanted
to be like God (Isaiah 14:12-15). In Satan's
rebellion, he deceived Eve and moved in
the Garden of Eden to bring both Adam and Eve into a state of
broken fellowship with God. Though Satan deceived Eve, and
Eve sinned first, sin did not enter the world through Eve, but
through Adam. "Therefore, just as through one man sin
entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death
spread to all men, because all sinned," (Rom. 5:12). This is
because Adam represented mankind, not Eve. Therefore, the
origin of sin in the world is through the fall of Adam who
represented mankind. "For as in Adam all die..." (1 Cor.
15:22).
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Page 42 of manual, paragraph 109
What is Damnation?
110. Damnation is the righteous judgment of God upon the sinner
for breaking his commandments. This damnation is eternal
separation from God.
“But your sins have made a separation between you and
your God,” (Isaiah 59:2).
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Pages 42 of manual, paragraph 110
Damnation is eternal
111. Since God is eternal and offenses against him take on an
eternal nature, the punishment is also eternal. But, of course,
the eternal person of The Word who became flesh as Jesus
paid an eternal debt and purchased redemption for those who
put their trust in him.
112. There will be a Day of Judgment when all people will face
God. Those who are not covered by the sacrifice of Jesus on
the Cross will be cast out into hell where they will undergo
eternal punishment. "And these will go away into eternal
punishment, but the righteous into eternal life," (Matt. 25:46).
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Pages 43 of manual, paragraphs 111-112
Damnation is eternal
Eternal - without end
Eternal Damnation
"Now to the King eternal,
immortal, invisible, the only
God, be honor and glory forever
and ever. Amen,“ (1 Tim. 1:17).
"And a second time they said,
"Hallelujah! Her smoke rises up
forever and ever," (Rev. 19:3).
"And the devil who deceived
them was thrown into the lake
". . . To Him who sits on the
of fire and brimstone, where the
throne, and to the Lamb, be
beast and the false prophet are
blessing and honor and glory
and dominion forever and ever," also; and they will be tormented
day and night forever and
(Rev. 5:13).
ever," (Rev. 20:10).
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Page 43 of manual, paragraphs 112
Salvation
113. A law without a punishment is not a law, it is a slogan.
Breaking God’s laws results in a punishment. The
Bible says that the wages of sin is death (Rom. 6:23).
Therefore, the sinner must die. This death is both
physical (our bodies die) and spiritual (eternal
damnation and separation from God).
114. The term, "salvation," is used in different ways throughout the
Bible. It can mean to be saved from an adversary (Exodus
14:13), violence (2 Sam. 22:3), and troubles (Psalm 34:6), etc.
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Page 44 of manual, paragraphs 113-114
Salvation - continued
115. However, in the New Testament, we see our salvation largely
as the deliverance from the wrath of God through the
forgiveness of our sins (Luke 1:77), which is found in Jesus
alone (Acts 4:12).
116. To be saved is to be saved from the righteous judgment of
God. It means to be saved from the damning work of
condemnation that God will impose upon all who have not
found forgiveness in Christ.
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Page 44 of manual, paragraphs 115-116
Salvation - continued
The book, "Peace Child," records how the Sawi people of Irian Jaya
came to understand salvation through Jesus Christ. All
demonstrations by missionaries of kindness expressed by the Sawi
were regarded with suspicion, except for one act: if a father gave
his own son to his enemy, his sacrificial deed showed that he could
be trusted! Furthermore, everyone who touched that child was
brought into a friendly relationship with the father. The Sawi were
then taught that in a similar way, God’s beloved Son could bring
them eternal peace.
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Page 44 of manual, paragraph 116
The Gospel
“NOW I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I
preached to you… 3 that Christ died for our sins according to
the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He was
raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,” (1 Cor.
15:1,3-4).
117. The word “Gospel” means “good news”. The good news is
that Jesus was made under the Law (Gal. 4:4), never sinned (1
Pet. 2:22), bore our sins in his body on the cross (1 Pet. 2:24),
died, was buried, and rose again from the dead (1 Cor. 15:1-4).
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Page 45 of manual, paragraph 117
Atonement
"For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to
you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is
the blood by reason of the life that makes atonement," (Lev.
17:11).
118. Jesus sacrifice on the cross was atonement
for our sins. That is, it made things right with God. Jesus is the
One who atoned for our sins by shedding His blood.
119. Furthermore, the sacrifice of Christ is called a propitiation:
"and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for
ours only, but also for those of the whole world," (1 John
2:2). The word, "propitiation," in the Greek, is, "hilasmos." It
means, "to appease, and remove wrath through a
sacrifice." Jesus, therefore, is the sacrifice that appeases God,
and removes His wrath from the sinner.
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Page 45 of manual, paragraphs 118-119
Justification
120. Justification is a legal act by God where he
declares the sinner righteous in his sight.
Justification is not that the sinner is righteous
because of his own works; rather, God declares the sinner
righteous. It is a foreign righteousness. It is the righteousness
of Christ that is given to us (Phil. 3:9). This declaration of
righteousness is based upon the work of Christ on the
Cross. It is nothing that we earn; it is something we receive.
Justification is a legal term, because it deals with God's Law.
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Page 46 of manual, paragraph 120
Justification
 Rom. 3:24, "being justified as a gift by His grace through
the redemption which is in Christ Jesus,"
 Rom. 3:28, "For we maintain that a man is justified by faith
apart from works of the Law.”
 Rom. 5:1, "Therefore having been justified by faith, we
have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ"
 Gal. 2:16, "nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified
by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus,
even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we may be
justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works of the Law;
since by the works of the Law shall no flesh be justified."
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Page 46 of manual, paragraph 120
Sanctification
121. Sanctification means, "to be set apart for holy use.”
Essentially, sanctification deals with the moral condition of
our heart. Sanctification is the process of removal of pride
and selfishness from the innermost parts of our being. The
more sanctified we are, the more we care for others, the
more we sacrifice for others, and the more we are like Christ
in our character.
Justification
Sanctification
Instantaneous declaration from
God
Process through life
Legal standing before God
Internal condition
Entirely God's work
Man cooperates with God
Fully accomplished now
Yet to be fully accomplished
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Pages 46-47 of manual, paragraph 121
Sanctification, continued
122. Sanctification increases over time. The
older we get, the more like Christ we are
supposed to be. Throughout our entire lives, we work toward
better and better holiness, but we will never achieve perfect
sanctification, because we still war with the flesh, and with
our sinfulness. When we die, the process of sanctification will
cease, and we will be with the Lord. Nevertheless, the
complete fulfillment of our sanctification occurs at our
resurrection, when we are united with our glorified bodies:
"When Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be
revealed with Him in glory," (Col. 3:4).
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Page 47 of manual, paragraph 122
Grace
123. Grace is the undeserved kindness and favor of God. It is very
important that we understand that grace is that which is not
deserved; grace is getting what we do not deserve.
124. An Illustration: If I were to come over to your house and
steal your bike, and you caught me, and called the police, and
I went to jail, that is justice. Justice is getting what you
deserve. If I were to come over to your house and steal your
bike and you caught me, but you did not call the police, and
you let me go, that is mercy. Mercy is not getting what you
deserve. If I were to come over to your house and steal your
bike and you caught me, and you not only did not call the
police, but you forgave me, and you gave me the bike that is
grace. Grace is getting what you do not deserve.
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Page 48 of manual, paragraph 123-124
Grace
Justice = Getting what you deserve
Mercy = Not getting what you deserve
Grace = Getting what you do not deserve
125. The reason God is gracious to us has nothing to do
with what is in us. Instead, it has everything to do
with what is in God.
"But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while
we were yet sinners, Christ died for us," (Rom. 5:8).
126. This is worth repeating… We receive grace because of God's
goodness. It is not because we deserve it. The true grace of
God is shown at the Cross of Christ which is our guarantee of
God's eternal, loving commitment to us.
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Page 48 of manual, paragraphs 125-126
Regeneration
“Therefore if any man is in Christ, he is a new creature; the
old things passed away; behold, new things have come,"
(2 Cor. 5:17).
127. Regeneration is a change in the believer brought by the work
of the Holy Spirit. The term, "regeneration," only occurs twice
in the New Testament (Matt. 19:28; Tit. 3:5).
128. Regeneration has another effect: a changed relationship with
God. There is a communion and an indwelling of God in the
person that was not there before. "Jesus answered and said
to him, 'If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My
Father will love him, and We will come to him,
and make our abode with him,'" (John 14:23).
The regenerated have God dwelling in them in
a special, relational way. This was non-existent
before regeneration.
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Page 49 of manual, paragraphs 127-128
Regeneration, continued
129. When we believe in Christ, when we trust in the work of God,
we have been regenerated. Because of this regeneration, we
are able to resist sin, and turn from it to the power of the Holy
Spirit, who indwells us. The Holy Spirit, then, bears fruit in
us. "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience,
kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control;
against such things there is no law," (Gal. 5:22-23).
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Page 50 of manual, paragraph 129
Regeneration
In 1833, Charles Darwin went to the South Sea
Islands. As he studied the cannibals who lived there,
he concluded that no creatures anywhere were more
primitive, that they could not be helped, and that he
had found a lower stratum of humanity that would fit
his theory of evolution. Thirty-four years later, he
returned to the same islands. He discovered churches, schools, and
homes, occupied by some of those former cannibals. In fact, many
of them wore clothes, and frequently gathered to sing hymns. The
reason was soon learned: Missionary John G. Paton had been there,
proclaiming the truths of salvation! Darwin was so moved by their
transformation that he made a generous contribution to the London
Missionary Society.
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Page 50 of manual, paragraph 129
Repentance
130. Biblically, repentance has a range of meanings. It can mean:
to have regret, to change one's mind, and change one's
behavior. In the New Testament, it means, "to
turn." Therefore, repentance is turning from sin to God.
131. Obviously, repentance is an important Biblical topic. It is a call
to dependence upon God and not ourselves. God wants us to
repent. He wants us to turn from sin to righteousness. He
wants us to be holy because He is holy (1 Pet. 1:15-16).
Repentance is a natural part of salvation.
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Page 51 of manual, paragraphs 130-131
Repentance
132. More information on repentance:
 It is granted by God to unbelievers: “with gentleness
correcting those who are in opposition, if perhaps God may
grant them repentance leading to the knowledge of the
truth,” (2 Tim. 2:25).
 God’s kindness leads us to repentance: “Or do you think
lightly of the riches of His kindness and forbearance and
patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to
repentance?” (Rom. 2:4).
 Repentance brings fruit: “should repent and turn to God,
performing deeds appropriate to repentance,” (Acts 26:20).
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Page 51 of manual, paragraph 132
Repentance
At nineteen, Al Johnson had robbed a bank and felt sure he would
never be caught. Later, he married a Christian girl and eventually
became a Christian. He stopped a lifelong habit of lying, and after
much prayer, he confessed his crime. Under a Kansas statute of
limitations, he was set free, although he chose to repay his share
of the stolen funds to the bank. Today, Al Johnson is the manager
of a service station, the father of three admiring children, and an
outstanding Christian layman.
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Page 51 of manual, paragraph 132
The Church
133. The Church is the "body of believers.”
Inclusion in the church is not by membership in a
denomination. It is not received by a ceremony or by natural
birth. The invisible church is the church made up of true
believers. The visible church consists of those who say they
are Christian but may or may not be truly saved. The invisible
church is comprised of all true believers, regardless of
denominational affiliation. The entire body of believers is the
Church.
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Page 52 of manual, paragraph 133
Jesus is the foundation of the church
“…you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church;
and the gates of Hades shall not overpower it," (Matt.
16:18).
134. When we look at the Greek of Matthew 16:18 we see
something important. "...you are Peter (petros) and upon this
rock (petra) I will build my church..." Petros is masculine and
the petra is feminine. Peter, the man, is referred to as
Petros. But Jesus said that the rock he would build his church
on was not the masculine "petros" but the feminine "petra“:
The truth of Peter’s statement that Jesus is the Christ
Matt. 16:16. Furthermore, petros is used to
designate a small stone and petra is used to
designate a large mass of rock. Jesus was not saying
Petra
that the church will be built upon Peter. It would be
built on Jesus being the Christ, the anointed one.
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Page 52 of manual, paragraph 134
The Pastor
“And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and
some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, 12
for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the
building up of the body of Christ," (Eph. 4:11-12).
135. The Word "pastor," means, "shepherd, herdsmen, someone
who takes care of others," etc. In this sense, the pastor is
someone who takes care of the Christian “sheep” in the
church context. This care is manifested in different ways:
 He teaches God's word.
 He corrects false teachings.
 He prays for the congregation.
 He counsels using the Scriptures.
 He administers communion and baptizes.
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Page 53 of manual, paragraph 135
The Elder
"For this reason I left you in Crete, that you might set in
order what remains, and appoint elders in every city as I
directed you, 6 namely, if any man be above reproach, the
husband of one wife, having children who believe, not
accused of dissipation or rebellion," (Titus 1:5-6).
136. In the New Testament the term, "elder," means elder, an old
man, a leader in the Church. It is also used of the elder of two
persons (Luke 15:25), of a person advanced in age (Acts 2:17;
Heb. 11:2), of the forefathers in Israel (Matt. 15:2; Mark 7:3),
of members of the Sanhedrin (Matt. 16:21; 26:47), and of
those who managed public affairs in the various cities (Luke
7:3).
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Page 53 of manual, paragraph 136
The Elder
137. The office of elder is a position in the church that is a divinely
appointed office as defined in the Pastoral Epistles (1 & 2
Timothy and Titus). Elders are apparently appointed by the
laying on of hands (1 Tim. 4:14; 2 Tim. 1:6). They should
receive double honor in the church (1 Tim. 5:17). The pastor is
an elder who preaches and/or teaches (1 Tim. 5:17). The
pastor (elder) is to equip the body of Christ (Eph. 4:1113). Also, the elder…







Shepherds the flock (1 Peter 5:2).
Exercises oversight upon the flock (1 Peter 5:2).
Lives as examples to the flock (1 Peter 5:3).
Anoints and pray for the sick (James 5:14).
Has the tasks of teaching (1 Tim. 5:17; Titus 1:5,9).
Has the task of acting as judges (Acts 15:2,22-29;16:4).
Exhorts in sound doctrine and refutes error (Titus 1:9).
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Page 54 of manual, paragraph 137
Women are not to be Pastors and
Elders
"But I do not allow a woman to teach or
exercise authority over a man, but remain
quiet. For it was Adam who was first created,
and then Eve. And it was not Adam who was deceived, but
the woman being quite deceived, fell into transgression,“
(1 Tim. 2:12-14).
138. When we look further at Paul's teachings, we see that the
bishop/overseer is to be the husband of one wife (1 Tim. 3:2),
who manages his household well, and has a good reputation
(1 Tim. 3:5, 7). Deacons must be "men of dignity," (1 Tim.
3:8). Paul then speaks of women in verse 11, and their
obligation to receive instruction. Then, in verse 12, Paul says,
"Let deacons be husbands of one wife..."
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Page 54 of manual, paragraph 138
Women are not to be Pastors and
Elders
139. In each case, the one who is an elder, deacon, bishop, or
overseer is instructed to be male. He is the husband of one
wife (Greek literally says, “man of one woman”), responsible,
able to "exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who
contradict," (Titus 1:9). We see no command for the overseers
to be women. Why are the men, rather than the women,
singled out as the overseers? It is because of the created
order of God (Gen. 1-2; 1 Tim. 2:12-14). This is not merely a
social custom that fell away with ancient Israel. Women are
not to be elders in the church.
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Page 55 of manual, paragraph 139
Baptism
140. Baptism is an outward representation of an
inward reality. The word, "baptism," comes from the Greek, baptizo
which means, "to immerse in water, to wash with water."
141. In the Old Testament, washing with water was practiced by the
priest in preparation for his work (Exodus 40:12). On the Day of
Atonement, the priests washed before and after an offering (Lev.
16:4, 24). The washing with water represented cleansing. In the
New Testament, baptism begins with John the Baptist who urged
being baptized for repentance (Mark 1:4). When Jesus was
baptized, he was not baptized for repentance since he had nothing
to repent of. Instead, he was baptized in order to “fulfill all
righteousness” (Matt. 3:15).
"Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by
John…it is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness,"
(Matt. 3:13-15).
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Page 55 of manual, paragraphs 140-141
Baptism
142. What is the righteousness Jesus fulfilled?
Most probably, it was to fulfill the requirements
necessary for a man to be a priest. Jesus was, after all, a priest
after the order of Melchizedek (Psalm 110:4; Heb. 5:8-10;
6:20). Priests offered sacrifice to God on behalf of the
people. Jesus became a sacrifice for our sin (1 Pet. 2:24; 2 Cor.
5:21) in his role as priest. To be consecrated as a priest,
 He had to be washed with water (Lev. 8:6; Exodus 29:4,
Matt. 3:16),
 He had to be anointed with oil (Lev. 8:12; Exodus 29:7; Matt.
3:16 – oil represents the Holy Spirit),
 He may have needed to be 30 years old (Num. 4:3).
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Page 56 of manual, paragraph 142
Baptism
143. In the Christian Church, baptism is the
application of water to an individual as an identification with
Christ in His death, burial, and resurrection. It represents the
reality of the inward washing of Christ's blood upon the
soul. That is why it is used in different ways. It is said to
represent…
 …the death of the person (Rom. 6:3-5)
 …the union of that person with Christ (Gal. 3:27)
 …the cleansing of that person's sins (Acts 22:16)
 …being united in one Church (1 Cor. 12:13)
 …the identification with the one "baptized into," as when
the Israelites were baptized into Moses (1 Cor. 10:2).
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Page 56 of manual, paragraph 143
Baptism
144. Baptism is not necessary for salvation, but it is commanded as
an ordinance to be observed. If it were necessary for salvation,
then we would not be saved by faith, but by faith and a
ceremony. Acts 10:44-48 also shows baptism is not necessary
for salvation since it describes people filled with the Spirit
before being baptized.
“While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell upon all
those who were listening to the message. 45 And all the circumcised
believers who had come with Peter were amazed, because the gift of the
Holy Spirit had been poured out upon the Gentiles also. 46 For they were
hearing them speaking with tongues and exalting God. Then Peter
answered, 47 “Surely no one can refuse the water for these to be baptized
who have received the Holy Spirit just as we did, can he?” 48 And he
ordered them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked
him to stay on for a few days,” (Acts 10:44-48).
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Page 56 of manual, paragraph 144
Communion
“And while they were eating, Jesus took some
bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it
to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is my
body.” 27 And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave
it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; 28 for this is my blood
of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of
sins," (Matt. 26:26-29).
145. Communion is the ceremony during which the Christian partakes of
the bread and the wine, which represent the body and the blood of
Christ. This ceremony is called, "The Lord's Supper," and was
instituted by Jesus on the night of the Passover meal, which was an
annual occurrence celebrating the "passing over" of the angel of
death that claimed the lives of the firstborn of every house in Egypt
(Exodus 12). Therefore, the Lord's Supper, or Communion, replaces
the Passover meal with the "body and blood" of Jesus, (Mark 14:2224).
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Page 57 of manual, paragraph 145
Communion, Examine Yourself
146. We see that Paul gives a qualification for partaking
in Communion; the person must be able to examine himself.
The context of self-examination is dealing with sin,
confession, the knowledge of who Christ is, and what He has
done.
“But let a man examine himself, and so let him
eat of the bread and drink of the cup. 29For he
who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to
himself, if he does not judge the body rightly," (1 Cor.
11:28-29).
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Page 57 of manual, paragraph 146
Communion, Examine Yourself
147. Participation in Communion is the rite of the
Christian and it is a reminder for us of what Christ
has done on our behalf. It is a manifestation of the eternal
agreement between the Father and Son regarding the
redemption of the Christians (Heb. 13:20). The Lord's Supper
is, in a real sense, a manifestation of the promise of God,
made before the foundation of the universe, to save sinners.
Therefore, in taking Communion, we partake of the eternal
promise of God regarding our redemption through the grace
that is found only in Christ Jesus.
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Page 58 of manual, paragraph 147
Worship
148. Worship is the act of reverence, from a believer to God,
involving different aspects:
 Adoration, Praise, Exaltation, Prayer, Bowing down,
Raising hands, Singing.
149. In the Old Testament, the word, "worship," meant, to bow
down. Therefore, worship before God was often done
while bowing down to the ground. There are instances
of individual worship (Gen. 24:26), but the Old Testament
speaks mostly of corporate worship.
"These things I remember and I pour out my soul within
me. For I used to go along with the throng and lead them
in procession to the house of God, with the voice of joy
and thanksgiving, a multitude keeping festival," (Psalm
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Page 58 of manual, paragraphs 148-149
Worship
150. The New Testament tends to emphasize worship
on a personal level. The Old Testament rituals of sacrifice and
methods of approaching God are done away with, since Christ
in His sacrifice has fulfilled the Old Testament Law.
151. Furthermore, the Bible teaches there is only one God (Eph.
4:5), and He alone is worthy of worship. Jesus said, “You shall
worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only,'“ (Matt.
4:10).
“You shall worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only,'"
(Matt. 4:10).
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Page 59 of manual, paragraphs 150-151
Worship
152. This makes the fact that Jesus receives worship all the more
significant, (Matt. 2:2,11; 14:33; 28:9; John 9:35-38; Heb.
1:6). Of course, Jesus can be worshipped because He is God in
flesh (John 1:1,14; 10:30-33; 20:28; Col. 2:9; Phil. 2:5-8; Heb.
1:8).
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Page 59 of manual, paragraphs 150-152
Prayer
“Our Father who art in heaven, holy is your
name. 10 ‘Your kingdom come. Your will be
done, on earth as it is in heaven. 11 ‘Give us
this day our daily bread. 12 ‘And forgive us our
debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors,"
(Matt. 6:9-12).
153. Prayer is a reverent petition to God in which a person praises
God, confesses sins, asks for forgiveness, and intercedes for
others.
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Page 59 of manual, paragraph 153
Prayer
154. Prayer is the practice of the presence of God that is
properly offered by those who are justified before God
through Jesus Christ.
 Prayer is the place where pride is abandoned, hope is
lifted, and supplication is made.
 Prayer is the place of admitting your need and exercising
dependence on God.
 Prayer is the needful practice of the Christian.
 Prayer is the exercise of faith and hope.
 Prayer is the privilege of touching the heart of the Father
through the Son.
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Page 60 of manual, paragraph 154
Prayer
155. Prayer is to be given to God alone, for he alone is
worthy of worship, and he alone is capable of
hearing and answering our prayers.
156. Regarding Prayer…





Our prayers are acceptable through Christ. “And whatever you ask in My
name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son," (John
14:13).
Our prayers influence God. “…The effective prayer of a righteous man can
accomplish much,” (James 5:16).
Our prayers are hindered by doubt. "But let him ask in faith without any
doubting, for the one who doubts is like the surf of the sea driven and
tossed by the wind,” (James 1:6).
Our prayers are hindered by selfishness. “You ask and do not receive,
because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend it on your
pleasures," (James 4:3).
Our prayers are hindered by wickedness. “If I regard wickedness in my
heart, the Lord will not hear," (Psalm 66:18).
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Page 60 of manual, paragraphs 155-156
Prayer
157. Our prayers must be according to God's will (1 John
5:13). We can pray standing (Neh. 9:5), kneeling (Ezra 9:5),
sitting (1 Chron. 17:16-27), bowing (Exodus 34:8), and with
lifted hands (1 Tim. 2:8).
"Draw near to God and He will draw near to you,"
(James 4:8).
158. Prayer is for the Christian. Prayer changes the one praying
because in prayer you are in the presence of God. There is
nothing to hide when, in quiet supplication, you are reaching
into the deepest part of yourself, confessing your sins,
admitting your needs, and depending on God.
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Page 61 of manual, paragraphs 157-158
Prayer
159. We are to pray with faith (James 1:6), in the Spirit (Eph.
6:18), with a forgiving attitude (Matt. 6:12), according to
God's will (1 John 5:14), in holiness (2 Tim. 2:8), with
boldness (Heb. 4:16), with earnestness (James 5:17), etc. In
short, we are to pray daily, reverently, humbly, with faith in
God, trusting that he hears us, believing in our heart that he
loves us dearly, and finally pray with an attitude of
submission to his will.
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Page 61 of manual, paragraph 159
Prayer
Five men were entrapped in a deserted zinc mine in Salem,
Kentucky, by falling rocks. They had nothing to eat. They were in
utter darkness. One of the men could have saved himself had he
not run back to warn the others. When the entombed men
discovered they could not escape, they began to pray and
sing. Their prayer and praise service lasted for fifty-three
hours! Then they were rescued. Later, one of the men testified,
“We lay there from Friday morning 'til Sunday morning. We
prayed 'without ceasing'. When the rescuers reached us, we were
still praying!” When the men were brought up out of the mine, on
the caps of each one were scrawled these words: “If we are dead
when you find us, we are all saved!”
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Page 61 of manual, paragraph 159
End Times
“last”
160. Eschatology is the study of end times and what happens
before and after the return of Jesus. It comes from two
Greek words “eschatos” meaning “end” and “logos” meaning
“word”. There are many differences in views on the
following topics and we need to be careful not to be
spiritually prideful. Romans 14:5 tells us, “One man regards
one day above another, another regards every day alike. Let
each man be fully convinced in his own mind.” The point is
that we are allowed to disagree in the non-essentials.
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Page 62 of manual, paragraph 160
End Times – The Return of Christ
“Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky?
This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven,
will come in just the same way as you have watched Him
go into heaven,” (Acts 1:11).
161. Although there are differences of opinion as to when Christ
will return, the Christian Church acknowledges
that He will. Jesus said, "Heaven and earth will
pass away, but My words shall not pass away.
36 'But of that day and hour no one knows, not
even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the
Father alone,'" (Matt. 24:35-36).
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Page 62 of manual, paragraph 161
End Times – The Return of Christ
162. However, we can know the signs of His coming. In the last
days, many false christs and false prophets will arise and
deceive many (Matt. 24:24). We have seen this with the rise
of the cults such as Mormonism, Jehovah's Witnesses, etc.,
and the increase in popularity of the false religions like Islam,
Buddhism, the New Age, etc.
163. Jesus came the first time as a humble servant, hardly noticed
except by a few. But, He shall return as a conquering
King, and every eye will see Him. His return will be
magnificent, glorious, and even frightening to those
who do not know Jesus.
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Pages 62-63 of manual, paragraphs 161-163
End Times – The Rapture
"For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the
voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet of God; and the dead in
Christ shall rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain shall be
caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air,
and thus we shall always be with the Lord,” (1 Thess. 4:16-18).
164. The Rapture is the teaching that shortly before,
or at the return of Christ, the Christians who are
alive will be transformed instantaneously into
their glorified state, and will ascend into the air
to meet Jesus. The word, "rapture," comes from the Latin,
"rapio," which means, "to carry away,“ or, "to snatch."
165. The Scripture most often referred to for support of the
Rapture is found in 1 Thess. 4:16-5:2 and 1 Cor. 15:51-52.
Is the Rapture Pre, Mid, or Post tribulation?
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Page 63 of manual, paragraphs 164-165
End Times – The Rapture
166. There are three main views of when the rapture will occur.
Pre-tribulation, Mid-tribulation, and Post-tribulation. The
Tribulation period is supposed to be a seven year period
before the return of Christ. This seven-year period includes
the first 3 1/2 years as a time of peace, and the second 3 1/2
years as a time of great distress, death, wrath, and sorrow.
8-9134
Page 64 of manual, paragraph 166
End Times – The Rapture
167. The Pre-Tribulation Rapture view holds that at the beginning,
or right before the beginning of the Tribulation, there will be a
secret coming of Jesus and the Christians will be caught up
into heaven where they meet Jesus, then experience the
judgment seat of Christ regarding their works (2 Cor. 5:10 –
not for salvation), and then participate in the Marriage Supper
of the Lamb (Rev. 19:7).
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Page 64 of manual, paragraph 167
End Times – The Rapture
168. The Mid-Tribulation Rapture view holds that the rapture
occurs at the halfway point of the seven-year Tribulation when
the Antichrist reveals himself. This view, like the Pretribulation view, teaches that the Christian Church does not
experience the terrors of the last half of the Tribulation period.
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Page 64 of manual, paragraph 168
End Times – The Rapture
169. The Post-Tribulation Rapture view holds that the rapture
occurs at the end of the tribulation period. Therefore, the
Church will not escape the Tribulation period, but will go
through it. It further teaches that that the wrath of God that is
released upon the earth, and upon the ungodly during the last
half of the Tribulation, will not fall upon the believers since
God will providentially protect the believers from His divine
wrath on the earth. In this view, the Rapture occurs at the
time of the Second Coming of Christ.
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Page 64 of manual, paragraph 169
End Times – The Millennium
"And I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key of
the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 And he laid hold of the
dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound
him for a thousand years, 3 and threw him into the abyss, and shut
it and sealed it over him, so that he should not deceive the nations
any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these
things he must be released for a short time," (Rev. 20:1-3).
170. The Millennium is that period of time before the creation of
the New Heavens and Earth. Like the tribulation, there are
three main views: Premillennialism, Amillennialism, and
Postmillennialism.
Which millennial view is the right one? No one knows for
sure. But let’s take a look at each position.
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Page 65 of manual, paragraph 170
End Times – The Millennium
171. The Premillennial view holds the thousand year reign of Christ
is a literal 1000 years, and is yet future. It will follow the
seven-year Tribulation period and the Rapture. When Jesus
returns at the end of the Tribulation period, he will
destroy the Antichrist, bind the devil, and begin
the 1000-year period during which He will reign
as King. During this millennial period, there will be great
peace and harmony all over the world.
8-9139
Page 65 of manual, paragraph 171
End Times – The Millennium
172. The Amillennial view the Millennium is seen as a
representative period of time, and is not a literal 1000-year
period. Part of the justification for this position is made by
noticing that the term "1000" is always used in a figurative
context in the Bible. In Revelation 20 there is figurative
language describing the devil as a dragon, being bound with a
chain, and then thrown into a pit.
173. The Postmillennial view holds that the population of the
earth, as a whole, will be converted to Christianity through the
preaching of the Gospel. There will be great peace, prosperity,
and harmony on Earth. After this, the Lord will return.
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Page 66 of manual, paragraphs 172-173
The Devil and the Antichrist
“How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of
the dawn! You have been cut down to the earth. You who have
weakened the nations! 13 “But you said in your heart, ‘I will
ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God,
and I will sit on the mount of assembly in the recesses of the
north. 14 ‘I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will
make myself like the Most High,'" (Isaiah 14:12-14).
174. The devil was originally the greatest of the angels created by
God (Ezekiel 28:12). But due to pride in his heart,
he desired to be like God, fell into sin, and
rebelled against God.
175. He, along with a host of angels, rebelled against God and
became the demonic forces that wage war against the Lord
and his people.
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Page 67 of manual, paragraphs 174-175
The Devil and the Antichrist
176. There are different names by which the devil is known such as
...
 Abaddon (Rev. 9:11)
 Accuser of the brethren (Rev. 12:10)
 Adversary (1 Pet. 5:8)
 Angel of the bottomless pit (Rev. 9:11)
 Apollyon (Rev. 9:11)
 Beelzebub (Matt. 12:24)
 Satan (Matt. 4:10)
177. But, the Devil will not be victorious. He will be judged and
condemned. "For if God did not spare angels when they
sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of
darkness, reserved for judgment," (2 Pet. 2:4).
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Page 67 of manual, paragraphs 176-177
The Antichrist
178. The term, "antichrist," is found only in four verses in the New
Testament: 1 John 2:18,22; 4:3; and 2 John 7. It is used in two
different senses: the spirit of antichrist, and a person who is
the antichrist.
179. There is the spirit of antichrist which is described as the
attitude and movement of rebellion against God.
“and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not
from God; and this is the spirit of the antichrist, of
which you have heard that it is coming, and now it
is already in the world," (1 John 4:3)
180. The spirit of antichrist is the spiritual movement of denying
the true Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. We can see that this is
very strong in the world, in the manifestation of false world
religions, the cults, evolution, atheism, secularism, etc.
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Page 68 of manual, paragraphs 178-180
The Antichrist
181. The Antichrist is an end-times figure who will stand in
opposition to God and His people during the Tribulation
period.
"Let no one in any way deceive you, for it [the return of
Christ] will not come unless the apostasy comes first,
and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of
destruction, 4 who opposes and exalts himself above
every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes
his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being
God," (2 Thess. 2:3-4).
182. The Antichrist will be able to perform miracles and deceive
people, "that is, the one whose coming is in accordance with
the activity of Satan, with all power and signs and false
wonders," (2 Thess. 2:9).
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Page 68 of manual, paragraphs 181-182
The Antichrist
183. Ultimately, the Antichrist will be destroyed, as is prophesied
in the Old Testament (Dan. 8:25), and in the New (2 Thess.
2:8; Rev. 13:5).
“And then that lawless one will be revealed whom the
Lord will slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to
an end by the appearance of His coming," (2 Thess. 2:8).
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Page 68 of manual, paragraph 183
The Antichrist, continued
What does the number 666 mean?
184. The number 666 is called the number of the antichrist. It is
the gamatria, or the mathematical equivalent of the letter
values of the name of the Antichrist.
185. In Greek and Hebrew there are no numeric characters. There
are only alpha characters. For example, the letters a, b, c, d,
e, f, etc. are alpha characters. The numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, etc., are
numeric characters. They are different. When the Greeks
wanted to write a number, they used letters for numbers. The
Greek letter "alpha" had the numeric equivalent of 1. The
next letter "beta" has the numeric equivalent of 2, and so on.
186. When the name of the antichrist is revealed, his name, in
Greek letters will total 666.
8-9146
Page 69 of manual, paragraphs 184-186
The Antichrist
8-9147
The Final Judgment
“And I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it,
from whose presence earth and heaven fled away, and no
place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great
and the small, standing before the throne, and books were
opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of
life; and the dead were judged from the things which were
written in the books, according to their deeds. 13 And the sea
gave up the dead which were in it, and death and Hades gave
up the dead which were in them; and they were judged, every
one of them according to their deeds. 14 And death and
Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second
death, the lake of fire. 15 And if anyone’s name was not found
written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire,"
(Rev. 20:1-15).
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Page 70 in manual
The Final Judgment
187. The Final Judgment is the Great White Throne judgment,
after the Millennium, where both the believers and
unbelievers will be judged. The unbelievers are judged and
condemned to eternal damnation. The believer, however, is
not going to be judged for salvation since his judgment fell
upon Christ and all Christians (all who've trusted in the true
Christ), have eternally and permanently escaped the
judgment of damnation.
188. The Christians are judged according to their works,
and receive rewards or loss of rewards: "Behold,
I am coming quickly, and my reward is with me, to
render to every man according to what he has
done," (Rev. 22:12).
8-9149
Page 70 of manual, paragraphs 187-188
The Final Judgment, continued
189. For the Christian, however, our works have
no effect on our salvation. We are saved by
Christ’s work and not by our work. We are
kept by Christ’s faithfulness, not by ours.
We are secure in Christ, saved from the
wrath of God. It is our works that will be
judged.
"There is therefore now no condemnation for those who
are in Christ Jesus," (Rom. 8:1).
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Page 71 of manual, paragraph 189
The Final Judgment
The story is told of pioneers who were making their way across one of the
central states to a distant place that had been opened up for homesteading.
They traveled in covered wagons drawn by oxen, and progress was necessarily
slow. One day they were horrified to note a long line of smoke in the west,
stretching for miles across the prairie, and soon it was
evident that the dried grass was burning fiercely and
coming toward them rapidly. They had crossed a river the day before, but it
would be impossible to go back to that before the flames would be upon
them. One man only seemed to have understanding as to what could be
done. He gave the command to set fire to the grass behind them. When a
space was burned over, the whole company moved back upon it. As the flames
roared on toward them from the west, a little girl cried out in terror, "Are you
sure we shall not all be burned up?" The leader replied, "My child, the flames
cannot reach us here, for we are standing where the fire has been!" What a
picture of the believer, who is safe in Christ! "On Him Almighty vengeance fell,
which would have sunk a world to Hell. He bore it for a chosen race, and thus
becomes our Hiding Place." The fires of God's judgment burned themselves out
on Him, and all who are in Christ are safe forever, for they are now standing 8-9151
Page 71 of manual, paragraph 189
where the fire has been.
New Heavens and New Earth
"But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens
will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with
intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up, 11
Since all these things are to be destroyed in this way, what sort of
people ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness, 12 looking
for and hastening the coming of the day of God, on account of
which the heavens will be destroyed by burning, and the elements
will melt with intense heat! 13 But according to His promise we are
looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness
dwells," (2 Pet. 3:10-12).
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Page 72 of manual
New Heavens and New Earth
190. When sin entered the world through Adam, not only was
humanity affected, but so also was creation itself. Death
entered the world, and the world began to
decay. Catastrophes are the result of sin
affecting creation. God did not make the world
with sin in it, so the intrusion of sin in God's
creation is a violation of the created order.
191. Therefore, after the Final Judgment of God upon all the
people and the angels, God will make a new heavens and a
new earth. He will do this because the effects of sin must be
removed from what God has created.
8-9153
Page 72 of manual, paragraphs 190-191
New Heavens and New Earth
192. Even as the world was baptized by the flood of Noah, it will
be cleansed in the final fire of re-creation. All the forces of
evil, and all the wickedness in man and in the angelic realm,
will be done away with. All the foul works of mankind will be
burned up. Peter tells us to look for the coming of the day of
God, the day when the heavens are remade.
193. God, the Creator of the Universe, has the power to destroy it.
Jesus said that “Heaven and earth will pass away…” (Matt.
24:35). John the apostle said that “the world is passing
away…” (1 John 2:17).
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Pages 72-73 of manual, paragraphs 192-193
New Heavens and New Earth
194. Therefore, after the Final Judgment of God upon all the
people and the angels, God will make a new heavens and a
new earth. He will do this because the effects of sin must be
removed from what God has created.
195. Even as the world was baptized by the flood of Noah, it will
be cleansed in the final fire of re-creation. All the forces of
evil, and all the wickedness in man and in the angelic realm,
will be done away with. All the foul works of mankind will be
burned up. Peter tells us to look for the coming of the day of
God, the day when the heavens are remade. To God Be The
Glory
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Page 73 of manual, paragraphs 194-195
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