ROMAN CONTRIBUTIONS
Mr. Mispagel’s Top Ten Roman Contributions
Drum roll please……………
10. ROADS
The Roman roads were
essential for the growth
of the Roman empire, by
enabling the Romans to
move armies. A proverb
says that "all roads lead
to Rome."
At its peak, the Roman
road system spanned
52,819 miles.
9. LAW
The concept in a trial by
jury was created by the
Romans
The Romans realized the
importance of the “innocent
until proven guilty” method
of justice.
Latin can be seen in the treaties
of International Law today.
The idea of Civil and Criminal
Law comes from the Roman era.
8. ARCHITECTURE
Innovation started in the first century
BC, with the invention of concrete, a
strong and readily available substitute
for stone. Tile-covered concrete quickly
supplanted marble as the primary
building material and more daring
buildings soon followed, with great
pillars supporting broad arches and
domes rather than dense lines of
columns suspending flat architraves.
COLUMNS
VAULTS
ARCHES
7. PLUMBING
The Romans created sewers and
bath houses that greatly led to more
sanitary Conditions and improved
the health of its citizens.
Plumbing Defined: While early pipe and
conduit was made from wood or
earthenware, later refinement to lead
made skilled workers in lead
indispensable. The Latin term
"plumbus" means "lead," as was also
the weight at the end of a line for
perpendicular alignment. The plumber
was a worker in lead who, in today's
connotation, repairs or fits the apparatus
of water distribution in and to a building.
The Roman Bath House in
the city of Bath, England
6. ALPHABET / LANGUAGE
The Roman alphabet and Latin language is the basis for most
European languages. Latin is used today for scientific and medical
Terminology. Spanish, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and Italian
are all based on Latin. English and the other European (Germanic)
languages have many Latin root words.
ABCDEFG…
Videre = to see … video
Millia = measure of 1,000 … millennium,
millimeter
Ped = foot … pedestrian, pediatric
Liber = book … library
5. BRIDGES
The Romans built
bridges that could
span long rivers.
Many of these bridges
are still standing
today.
ALCANTARA BRIDGE, SPAIN
4. AQUEDUCTS
To carry water from the high ground to a village or town
the Romans were masters of building aqueducts that would
transport much needed water.
3. CONCRETE
By the development of concrete, the Romans
were able to change the way cities were built
and create a building material that was strong
enough to house millions of people and built
large arenas for entertainment.
2. CALENDARS
The Romans first created a calendar
To record and keep track of time. If
Not for the Romans we wouldn’t be
Able to have recorded history
Kalends were the 1st day of the month.
Nones were the 7th day of the month
In March, May, July, and October and the
5th day in the other months.
Ides was the 15th day in March, May,
July, and October and the 13th day in other
Months.
The use of sundials
To tell time were
Invented by the
Romans along with
The idea of AM and
PM
1. Fast Food
(believe it or not)
Professor Stephen Dyson of the University of Buffalo says that
"We've also found numerous fast food restaurants in Pompeii
and other parts of ancient Rome, " calling these places a cross
between "...Burger King and a British pub or a Spanish tapas
bar.
…Most Romans lived in apartments or rather confined
spaces, and there is not much evidence for stoves and
other cooking equipment in them,"
he says, adding that "Italy's vibrant street and bar scenes
today, along with the often multipurpose design of homes with
bedsteads stacked in a corner, or kitchenettes in surprising
places, reflect the wonderful, slightly chaotic, aspects of early
Roman life.”
http://faculty.ed.umuc.edu/~jmatthew/naples/romanfastfood.htm
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ROMAN CONTRIBUTIONS