Unit 2
Classical Greece
Regents Review
7/2013
Izydorczak
1
What effect did the geography of ancient
Greece have on its early development?
(1) The mountainous terrain led to the creation of
independent city-states.
(2) A lack of natural seaports limited communication.
(3) An inland location hindered trade and colonization.
(4) Abundant natural resources encouraged self-sufficiency.
7/2013
Izydorczak
2
Which societal condition was basic to the development of
Greek philosophy and Renaissance art?
1. rigid social classes
2. emphasis on individualism
3. religious uniformity
4. mass education
The flowering of civilization that occurred during Ancient Greece and
Renaissance Italy can be attributed to the emphasis that both societies
placed on individual worth. This emphasis caused contemporaries of
both periods to excel in their endeavors and contributions to the world.
7/2013
Izydorczak
3
The Ancient Athenians are credited with
1. inventing and using the wheel
2. eliminating slavery
3. establishing governments that had democratic
elements
4. inventing the printing press
The Greek city-state of Athens was one of the earliest
known places to incorporate direct democracy.
7/2013
Izydorczak
4
What was one cause of the development of many
small independent city-states in ancient Greece?
(1)Greece and Rome were often at war.
(2) The mountainous terrain of Greece resulted in widely scattered
settlements.
(3) Military leaders found small Greek settlements easy to control.
(4) The Greek people had many different languages and religions.
7/2013
Izydorczak
5
Which societal condition was basic to the
development of Greek philosophy?
1. rigid social classes
2. emphasis on individualism
3. religious uniformity
4. mass education
Education was an important part of life in the Greek City-State of
Athens. However, education was limited to male citizens.
7/2013
Izydorczak
6
One effect of rugged, mountainous geography
on the civilization of ancient Greece was the
development of
(1) absolute monarchies
(2) separate, independent city-states
(3) extensive trade with the Persians
(4) belief in one God
7/2013
Izydorczak
7
Which characteristic was common to the Golden Age of
Greece and the Italian Renaissance?
1. a strong military led to national unity
2. written constitutions led to the establishment of
democratic governments
3. prosperity led to the creation of many works of art
4. political instability led directly to the formation of
unified nation-states
The wealth of both the Golden Age of Greece and the Italian
Renaissance allowed these societies to concentrate on
7/2013
8
culture
and support the arts.Izydorczak
Which ancient civilization established the basis
of western democracy?
1. Phoenician
2. Egyptian
3. Sumerian
4. Greek
The Greek city-state of Athens was one of the earliest known
places
7/2013 to incorporate direct democracy.
Izydorczak
9
An important factor that prevented the
ancient Greek city-states from uniting to
form a single nation was the
(1) lack of a common language
(2) size of the desert regions
(3) mountainous topography of the region
(4) cold, hostile climate
7/2013
Izydorczak
10
Important long-term contributions of Ancient Greek and
Roman civilizations are primarily found in the area of
1. military technology
2. religious doctrine
3. economic policy and planning
4. government and law
Both Ancient Greece and the Roman Republic are known for their use
of democracy in government. Rome also contributed to the area of law
through the creation of the Twelve Tables of Law.
7/2013
Izydorczak
11
How did geography influence the development
of ancient Greece?
(1) Rich farmland led to dependence on agriculture.
(2) Excellent harbors encouraged seafaring trade.
(3) Flat plains made centralized rule possible.
(4) Tropical climate discouraged urban development.
7/2013
Izydorczak
12
The Ancient Greek city-state of Sparta
1. was primarily concerned with the health of their
people
2. was a powerful military state
3. granted universal suffrage to their people
4. placed great emphasis on literature and the arts
Sparta was a totalitarian Greek city-state that required all
males
7/2013 to serve in the military.
Izydorczak
13
The Ancient Greek city-state of Sparta
(1) was primarily concerned with the health of their people
(2) was a powerful military state
(3) granted universal suffrage to their people
(4) placed great emphasis on literature and the arts
7/2013
Izydorczak
14
A major impact of Ancient Greece and Rome
on Western Civilization was that
1. the Greeks and Romans succeeded in achieving a classless society,
which was later copied in Western Europe
2. Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and
copied in the 18th and 19th centuries
3. Greece and Rome transmitted Islamic philosophy to the areas they
conquered
4. Greek and Latin are still widely spoken in universities throughout
the West
With the reemergence of democracy, classical Greek and Roman
architecture
was copied during the
1700s and 1800s.
7/2013
Izydorczak
15
Alexander the Great’s conquests of Greece, Asia Minor,
Egypt, and Persia led to the
1. spread of Hellenic culture
2. adoption of a feudal system
3. establishment of representative democracy
4. spread of Islamic culture throughout Europe
Hellenistic culture was a blending of Greek, Asian, Persian,
and Egyptian traditions. This culture was developed and
spread as Alexander made his conquests across the ancient
7/2013
Izydorczak
16
world.
7/2013
Izydorczak
17
Base your answer to question 4 on the quotation below and on your
knowledge of social studies.
...We give our obedience to those whom we put
in positions of authority, and we obey the laws
themselves, especially those which are for the
protection of the oppressed, and those unwritten
laws which it is an acknowledged shame to
break....
In this quotation, Pericles is praising Athenian
(1) civic values
(2) artistic creativity
(3) military strengths
(4)7/2013
commercial success
Izydorczak
— Pericles, quoted in
History of the
Peloponnesian War
18
One way in which the ancient city-state of Athens
and the Gupta Empire are similar is that both
(1) allowed universal suffrage
(2) developed matriarchal societies
(3) promoted art and literature
(4) established plantation agriculture
7/2013
Izydorczak
19
Which statement about ancient Greece is an opinion
rather than a fact?
(1) Mountainous terrain was an obstacle to Greek
political unity.
(2) The Spartan culture placed an emphasis on
military skills.
(3) Athens granted voting rights to male citizens only.
(4) Greek architecture was superior to Persian
architecture
7/2013
Izydorczak
20
Mountainous
7/2013
Izydorczak
separate,
independent
city-states
Excellent
harbors
Seafaring
traders
Climate
encouraged
outdoor
activities
21
Sparta
Athens

Athens was the most famous of all
the city-states of ancient Greece.

It was the birthplace of democracy
and home to great philosophers like
Plato and Socrates.

It was also home to historians,
scientists, mathematicians, and other
great thinkers.

Athens was famous for its giant fleet
or ships, which they used to help
defeat the Persians.

A great rivalry with another citystate, Sparta led to the Peloponnesian
War. This war eventually ended in a
victory for Sparta.
7/2013
Izydorczak

Sparta- had the strongest military of
all ancient Greek city-states.

The focus of this city-state was
constantly on war.

Boys were expected to be trained as
soldiers, while girls were expected to
grow up and bear children who grew
up to be soldiers.

To make sure that the army got as
many Spartan soldiers as it needed,
Sparta depended on slaves from
nearby settlement to do their manual
labor.

When the Greeks were at war with
Persia, many people turned to the
Spartans to ensure their protection.
22
7/2013
Izydorczak
23
7/2013
Civilization
Civilization
Civilization
Civilization
Izydorczak
24
Descargar

Classical Greece Regents Review