In this lesson you will
learn what is gold and what its
qualities are.
learn what makes gold so desirable.
discover where and how to find gold.
find out what the uses of gold are.
be exposed to ancient civilizations.
You will become a gold hunter!
You will also
learn how to create a metaphor.
write a story according to paintings.
experience a listening
comprehension.
learn what gold is and words.
connected to it.
Men and women have
lusted after gold ever
since its discovery seven
thousand years ago.
Called by some the flesh of the Gods
and by others the sun made tangible,
gold has inspired every civilization in
history.
From ancient Greece to China, from
India to Peru, GOLD has been admired
and valued for its warmth, its beauty,
its sensuality and its spiritual richness.
spiritual richness
beautiful
sensuality
warmth
_______
_______
Can you add some more qualities of GOLD?
What makes gold so desirable?
From the first discovery of gold in
ancient times, its beauty and the ease
with which it could be worked inspired
craftsmen to create it into
ornaments, not just for adornment,
but as symbols of wealth and power.
What makes gold so desirable?
Gold is a conduit for powerful
emotions. Pleasure and pain,
desire and dread, lust and love.
Have you ever wanted to find GOLD?
Well, you have come
to the right place.
We will pack you
with useful information to help you
get started in your search for
GOLD.
Have you ever wanted to find GOLD?
Here, you can find some maps of
gold sites and locations that are
open to prospecting for GOLD.
We are going to help you get
started in your search for
REAL GOLD.
What is
gold?
That’s a good
place to start!
What are
the four
steps to
mining
gold?
What is its Where does
chemical the word Gold
symbol? come from?
Where
did the
gold rush
take
place?
What is
gold used
for?
What is the
origin of the
first gold jewel?
What is a
carat?
How much gold
is there in the
world?
What nation
Where
on earth
Who are the has most of the
can we people who own world’s gold?
find
most gold?
gold?
You have
found
the gold!
What is the most
famous piece of
gold in history?
Where did Europe
get gold from in
the 16th century?
Before we begin our hunt,
we need to know:
What is GOLD?
Is it a rock?
Is it a fossil?
Or, perhaps, a mineral?
To find the answer, let’s go to:
http://216.37.53.73/geomysteries/cube/a1.html
Doesn’t react
with water or
oxygen
Melting
point:
1064 0C
Yellow
metal
Soft and
rare
What do we
know about
Gold?
Atomic number: 79
Boiling
point:
2860 0C
What is the chemical symbol of GOLD?
We will find the answer in the
periodic table of the elements.
You can find it at
http://pearl1.lanl.gov/periodic/default.htm
How would you find
gold there?
The chemical symbol of GOLD is:
AU
Au is short for the Latin word for
gold, 'Aurum', which literally
means 'Glowing Dawn‘.
What do you think about
this meaning?
Where does the word Gold come from?
The word gold appears to be
derived from the Indo-European
root 'yellow', reflecting one of
the most obvious properties of
gold.
What is a carat?
In ancient times, in the Middle
East and the Mediterranean,
people used the seed of the Carob
tree to weigh gold. A carat was
used as the measure for
the purity of gold. Pure
gold is defined as 24
carats.
The GOLD mark
By the fifteenth century,
alchemists were using the
same symbol for both gold
and the sun. The simplest
of these was a circle, the
universal symbol of totality,
wholeness and continuity.
This was the inspiration for
gold's new symbol.
The GOLD mark
The three concentric circles,
signifying past, present and
future, also symbolize the
inner soul, the shared
experience of humankind
and the infinity of the
universe.
How much gold is there in the world?
At the end of 2000, it is
estimated that all the gold ever
mined amounted to about 142,600
tons.
Where in the world can we find gold?
About two thirds of the world's gold
output comes from South Africa, and
about two thirds of the total U.S.
production comes from South Dakota
and
Nevada.
Who owns most gold?
If we take national gold
reserves, then most gold is
owned by the USA followed
by Germany and the IMF.
If we include jewelry ownership, then
India is the largest repository of gold
in terms of total gold within the
national boundaries.
Who owns most gold?
In terms of personal
ownership, it is not known
who owns the most, but is
possibly a member of a
ruling royal family in the East.
Where on earth can we find gold?
Gold is widely distributed throughout
the world. Tiny quantities occur in
most rocks and soils.
Gold occurs in
veins of the rocks,
in mountains, in
rivers and alluvial
deposits.
Where on earth can we find gold?
Gold also occurs in
sea water. As yet,
no method has been
found for profitably
recovering gold from
sea water.
Welcome to Gold Fever!
One of the most important events
in Californian history occurred on
January 24, 1848.
On that cold January
morning, James Marshall
spotted something shining up
from the millrace. Marshall
picked up several pieces of
gold..
The news spread locally like
wildfire :
"Gold on the American River!"
Almost half a million prospectors
from all around the world,
swarmed to California, helping to
open up the American West.
With ships, merchandise and
equipment, and thousands of sea-
route argonauts pouring into
California through the Golden Gate,
San Francisco instantly became the
hub of the
gold rush.
The prospector
spends all day long
dreaming about
finding a big sack of gold
and becoming the
richest man in the
West.
Walk in the footsteps of
those who were
there.
Listen to their
words and their
stories.
Take time to
explore and
discover along
the way.
See you in California!
I found Gold!
"Gold, I found gold !"
he shouts to his friends
"Where is it? Let me see it!"
Let’s hear the exciting
moment of finding gold.
Go to:
http://www.museumca.org/goldrush/fever05.html
“I found myself thinking, as the light
slowly faded from the western sky,
that the beauty ahead of us was no
illusion, no mere trick of sun and cloud.
It was real, and we were returning
to it, with our cargo of hard - won
treasure."
The story of these
prospectors through
art of their time:
Write down their story
EXPLORATION
The business of processing gold has
pioneered several techniques and
methods.
The gold mining process
begins with geologists
discovering a deposit
To learn how gold is mined go to:
http://www.newmont.com/co_profile/howgoldismined.htm
What are the four steps of mining gold?
hauling, blasting, loading, drilling
The uses of Gold
Gold is used in coinage and is
a standard for monetary
systems in many countries.
Gold is also extensively used
for jewelry, decoration, dental
work, and for plating.
Gold is used for coating certain
space satellites, as it is a
good reflector of infrared.
Lunar Module
Without gold the
first step on the
moon would not
have been possible.
Gold protects astronauts on the moon and
in outer space. Sheets of 0.1 5mm thick
are used in space programs as a radiation
shield. Because gold is such an effective
reflector, it deflects the burning heat
of the sun.
Industrial uses of gold
Historically,
gold was a
rare metal,
afforded only by the wealthy.
In the 20th century gold
jewellery has come within
the pocket of most people.
Did you know?
The earliest gold
jewelry dates from
the Sumer civilisation,
which lies between the
Tigris and Euphrates rivers in
southern Iraq, around 3000 BC.
Many civilizations left a rich
legacy of golden treasures.
Let’s explore part of the
history of gold on the time line.
Ancient
Egypt
Roman
Empire
America
Columbus's
discovery
of
America
3100 BC
27 BC –
– 343 BC
476 AD
1492
Cortes
conquerors
Mexico
1519
Francisco
Pizarro
invaded
Peru
1531
Ancient Egypt
Egyptian art was highly symbolic and a
painting or sculpture was not meant to
be a record of a momentary
impression.
Detail from a panel
on the gold plated
shrine from the tomb
of Tutankhamun in
the Cairo Museum.
Tutankhamun
The boy-king of Egypt from
1361 to 1352 BC preserved
some of the greatest treasures
of the Egyptian goldsmiths' craft.
The king's body was encased in a
coffin of solid gold. The head of the
mummy was shrouded in a great mask
of beaten gold. It is considered to be
the most famous piece of gold.
Roman Empire The Romans inherited
much from the Etruscans, but they also
borrowed many ideas from the Greeks.
Sculpture was used to decorate public
and private buildings and much of Roman
art was made as official propaganda to
glorify the ruler, proclaim victories, or
to make pious references
to the state and its
governors.
Roman gold jewelry was generally
formed from thin sheets of gold,
rather than solid gold. This way
they used the minimum amount of
the precious and expensive material.
Pair of
Earrings
America
After the fall of the
Roman Empire, little gold was
produced for almost a thousand years.
This was changed by Columbus's
discovery of America in 1492.
Adventurers were encouraged by
European kings to sail for the new
continent in search of riches.
This led to the Spanish conquests of
the early sixteenth century when
Cortes and Pizarro invaded Mexico and
Peru respectively.
Treasure-laden
ships bound for
Spain gave rise to
the "golden age of piracy"
By the time of the Spanish invasion,
the civilizations of South America had
thrived for centuries and had reached
a high level of sophistication.
In the next slide we can
see some of the beautiful
gold work of these
ancient civilizations.
One of the Inca’s
treasures. The Inca
Temple of Sun was
covered with gold
This mask is from the
Chimu civilization in Peru
The Treasure of Amiens
The end of the 13th
century
A Chimú sacrificial knife
with a gold handle
Throughout civilization, from ancient
Egypt to the present day, Gold stands
alone in its magic and allure. Gold has the
power to evoke deep emotions:
moments of tenderness, moments of
passion, moments of joy.
Beautiful, desirable and incorruptible, gold
is a continuous thread connecting world to
world, generation to generation, lives to
lives.
Check your
answers!
Yellow
Metal
AU
Indo-European
root
a measure of
the
purity of gold
about 142,600
tons.
hauling
blasting
loading
drilling
Coinage
jewelry,
decoration,
dental
work,
plating and
coating
In
California
Sumer
Civilization
rocks,
mountains,
rivers and
deposits
ruling royal
family in the
East
The head of the mummy
of Tutankhamun
South Africa
You have
found
the gold!
South
America
In this lesson you learnt about
the qualities of gold
how gold is mined
gold in ancient civilizations
the American gold rush
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