Would You believe another Power Point by Neumo?
Affects of Climate
Change on People
and Their Lifestyle
Ahead of the global climate talks in
December 2009, nine photographers from
the photo agency NOOR photographed
climate stories from around the world.
Their goal: to document some of the causes
and consequences, from deforestation to
changing sea levels, as well as the people
whose lives and jobs are part of the carbon
culture.
Russia's Reindeer Herders
Yes, almost like the Eskimos in
Alaska
The 435-mile-long Yamal Peninsula in
Russia's Siberia is one of the world's last great
wildernesses and home to the nomadic
Nenet tribes.
For centuries, the Nenet have herded their
domesticated reindeer to summer pastures
above the Arctic Circle. But now, the Nenet’s
traditional way of life is threatened by warming
temperatures.
Nanets
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•
•
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Nomadic people of Siberia
Follows the Reindeer herds
Stay mainly on the peninsula
Lives like the Eskimo do
Nenet families live on the tundra in
reindeer-skin tents.
Until recently, the Nenets crossed the frozen
Ob River in November to set up camps farther
south. But the pilgrimage is now usually
delayed until late December when the river ice
is thick enough to cross.
Firewood is gathered for a Nenet campsite. The
peninsula is 1,250 miles northeast of Moscow, and
the Nenets migrate north to south more than 100
miles every year, spending only a few days in one
place, living off reindeer and fish.
A Nenet herder prepares to lasso a reindeer. The
Nenet culture relies on reindeer for food and
clothing. Herds have been impacted, however, by
the changing climate. The delay of the annual
migration south means less fresh pasture for the
herds to feed on before spring.
The Nenets travel with herds of domesticated
reindeer, using lassos when it's time to slaughter
one.
A Nenet family shares raw reindeer with pasta.
A typical family slaughters a reindeer every
couple of weeks.
7. This Nenet, Vasilyi Ivanovich, is the elder of his
tribe. Some 42,000 Nenets live along the
peninsula. Once a majority, they are now
outnumbered by natural gas industry workers
The Yamal Peninsula stretches deep into the
Arctic Ocean. In the language of the Nenet,
Yamal means “world’s end.”
Like much of the Arctic, Yamal has been locked
in permafrost, land that was thought to be in
deep freeze. But the permafrost is thawing in
places, and if the thaw goes deep and last long
enough, the land will release methane, a
greenhouse gas much more potent than carbon
dioxide.
Mobile phones, albeit sometimes hard to use,
have become part of the Nenet network. The
peninsula contains huge natural gas reserves. It's
already home to Russia's largest natural gas
field, and more drilling is planned. Most gas is
exported to Europe.
Environmentalists fear that the drilling could ruin
the peninsula's delicate Arctic ecology.
Similar to the North Slope of Alaska where Oil
and Gas Drilling Rights are legislated and
protected.
Gazprom, Russia's state energy giant, is
building a new pipeline, a railway line and
several bridges
More Climate Changes of Culture
•AMAZON
RIVER
Brazil's Rain Forest
• When forests are cleared in Brazil's
Amazon, the trees end up as lumber or
charcoal, the latter produced in ovens like
these outside the city of Rondon do Para.
The clearing of forests by fire and logging
releases carbon dioxide earlier than would
occur naturally, adding to greenhouse gas
emissions.
The charcoal operation in Rondon do Para had
47 ovens when photographed and plans were to
increase that to 200 in the near future. The
charcoal is used at a steel smelter in Maraba,
Brazil.
These ovens, and the once-forested land they are
on, are owned by a cattle rancher. That's a typical
scenario here, and often one whose legality is
clouded.
Workers move charcoal into trucks for delivery
to the steel smelter in Maraba. Each basket
weighs 110 pounds.
Brazil's Amazon still accounts for more than
half of the world's standing forest.
This man works at the Rondon do Para charcoal
ovens. Many of the workers in Rondon have come
from other areas of Brazil in search of jobs and,
someday, their own land.
This is a typical worldwide dream. People get
there by working the low-skilled, low safety
controlled jobs, and hopefully sending money back
home.
A truck moves logs near Rondon do Para. Brazil
says a larger environmental police force reduced
illegal logging in 2009 to its lowest level in two
decades. The slumping economy, and reduced
demand for beef and timber, could also be a factor.
Deforestation peaked in 2004 at 10,000 square
miles, but it still happens. The 2,700 square miles
cleared in 12 months through August 2009 is nine
times the size of New York City.
The Amazon's trees are a major natural defense
against global warming, acting as "sinks" by
absorbing carbon dioxide. But burning those trees
to make room for ranches and farms releases that
CO2. About 75 percent of Brazil's CO2 emissions
come from rain forest clearing.
Globally, deforestation accounts for up to 20
percent of carbon emissions -- more than all the
world's cars, ships and planes combined.
East Africa's ‘Climate
Refugees'
A woman waits to be processed into Dadaab, the
world's largest refugee camp.
Located in Kenya 55 miles from the Somali
border, the overcrowded camp houses many
people fleeing violence in Somalia. Others have
fled their homes due to famine and severe
drought, a category now being described as
"climate refugees."
A girl takes drinking water back to her family at
the Dadaab refugee camp.
Some 700 children are born here each month.
Built to house 90,000 people, the camp received
62,000 arrivals from Somalia in 2008 alone –
nearly half children.
Ethiopians fleeing famine and drought in their country
arrive in Galkayo, northern Somalia. Many of these
refugees are trying to get to Yemen. The drought is so
severe in Ethiopia that even camels have been dying of
thirst.
Across Africa, warming temperatures are expected to
worsen droughts and access to water. "By 2020, between
75 million and 250 million people are projected to be
exposed to increased water stress due to climate change,"
the U.N. panel on climate change wrote in its most recent
assessment. "The area suitable for agriculture, the length
of growing seasons and yield potential, particularly along
the margins of semi-arid and arid areas, are expected to
decrease."
An elderly man rests at the hospital at Dadaab, sick after
the long trek to the relative safety of the camp.
The camp, which is actually three separate areas, has
operated since 1991. Nearly all its refugees are Somali,
and many have lived there for more than a decade.
The worst drought in a decade is destroying crops and
livestock across the horn of Africa. In Kenya, there are
fears of a new humanitarian crisis.
Another reason why Somalia is such a mess.
Newly arrived refugees from Somalia and Ethiopia
wait to be registered at the U.N. offices at Dadaab.
Refugees without registration are not given any
help.
Kenya closed its border with Somalia in 2007, but
that has not stopped the refugee influx.
Women wait for food to be distributed at
Dadaab. While most refugees here come from
other countries, Kenya itself is feeling the
pressure of severe drought.
"It is nearly certain that 2010 and possibly
beyond will be periods of prolonged drought and
water scarcity," the U.N. said of Kenya in
October 2009
Somalis regularly cross this area into Kenya,
bribing border guards in order to make it to
Dadaab. In 2009, some 4,000 refugees made their
way each month to the camp.
While parts of the Horn of Africa are experiencing
severe drought, this area saw severe flooding that
only aggravated poor farming conditions.
Ethiopian refugees arrive in Galkayo, Somalia, after
several weeks travel. The immediate area is thought
to house some 220,000 refugees, many trying to
make it to Yemen.
Somali and Ethiopian refugees arrive in Aden,
Yemen, after crossing the Gulf of Aden on
smugglers' boats.
Some die on the way, beaten to death or thrown
overboard. Tens of thousands cross each year,
hoping for a better life but often being deported
back to Somalia or Ethiopia.
Ethiopian refugees in Galkayo build ramshackle
huts while waiting to move on toward Yemen. The
town in northern Somalia includes several U.N.
refugee camps.
Maldives' Rising Oceans
The Maldives is situated in the South West of Sri Lanka, on the equator.
The numerous coral reef islands, 1,190 in total, form an archipelago of 26
natural atolls ( groups of neighbouring coral islands). These 26 atolls are
organised into 19 administrative atolls with the capital island of Male'
established as an entity of its own forming the twentieth division. Seen
from air, the atolls and the islands form breathtakingly beautiful patterns
against the blue depths of the Indian Ocean.
• While the sources of greenhouse gases are
often in the industrial world, consequences
often are visible in non-industrial areas. The
Indian Ocean nation of Maldives, which is
struggling to hold back rising seas, is one
such example. The capital Malé, seen here, is
one of the world's most densely populated
cities. Nearly 104,000 people are crammed
onto an island about a square mile in size.
The Maldives capitalizes heavily on its main natural resource,
its bewildering collection of pristine tropical isles.
Malé sits on an island just three feet above sea
level. The natural shape was added to by filling
shallow waters with sand and rocks. That took the
land closer to an outside coral reef, reducing the
reef's ability to buffer the island from storms and
rising seas.
To counter the tides and storms, a $60 million
concrete barrier system, part of it seen here, now
rings Malé.
"I chose Maldives because it's the country
which is the closest to sea level," says
photographer Francesco Zizola.
"If it's true what the majority of scientists
claim regarding global warming, then
Maldives would be the first country to
disappear underwater."
Residents often take advantage of low tide to
collect rocks and other material to reinforce
exposed areas near their homes or businesses.
Over the last century, sea levels globally have
risen about eight inches, much of that from
melting ice sheets in Greenland and the
Antarctic Peninsula, as well as thermal
expansion of warmer waters. Eight inches
might not sound like much, but for Maldives
every inch counts.
The $60 million seawall was financed by Japan and
runs nearly four miles around Malé. It's about 11
feet tall.
Rising sea levels are not the only worry here.
Warming seas, and more acidic seas due to CO2
emissions, have the potential to impact fisheries
and the coral reefs on which many fish rely.
Fishing makes up 20 percent of Maldives' gross
domestic product and provides an estimated
22,000 jobs.
Sand is mined at Villingili Island and some of the
other 1,200 that comprise Maldives. The practice
is often done illegally, most of it to supply the
cement industry, making the islands even more
vulnerable to rising seas, high tides and storms.
Besides climate concerns, Maldives struggles with
trash from locals and tourists. Most of its garbage is
sent to Thilafushi Island, also known as "Rubbish
Island." Originally a vast lagoon, it became an island
in 1992 when garbage was used to fill it in.
Workers incinerate or bury most of the waste.
Crushed cans, metals and cardboard are shipped to
India, but any hazardous waste is not removed from
regular garbage.
Maldives has an international airport on
Hulhulé Island.
The runway is just 6 feet above sea level.
At high tide, that can narrow to just 20
inches.
Residents of Malé and the rest of Maldives are
part of an island culture that dates back at least
2,000 years.
"We do not want to leave the Maldives,"
President Mohamed Nasheed has said, "but we
also do not want to be climate refugees living in
tents for decades."
• Most of this was stolen from an msnbc
thingy
• Neumoized of course
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Affects of Climate Change on People and Their Lifestyle