Exploring the World
(one continent at a time)
Map Skills
• Find the continent you live on below on the map and then
determine what direction you would travel to get to South
America by using the compass rose. Fill in the blank---”I
need to go ____________ to get to South America.”
(N, S, E or W)
Map Skills
• Practice your map skills by clicking on the link
below and playing the continent map game.
When you are finished playing, come back to
this powerpoint presentation.
• http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/World_Co
ntinents.htm
South America
• Fourth largest continent
• South Pacific Ocean borders
South America on the left
• South Atlantic Ocean borders
South America on the right
• 13 Countries – Brazil is the
biggest country
• Landmarks include Angel Falls,
Amazon River, Andes
Mountains, Atacama Desert ,
Amazon Rainforest
• Spanish and Portuguese-two
most popular languages
Angel Falls
• Highest waterfall in the
world
• Located in Venezuela
• More than a half mile
long at 3,212
Amazon River
• Second longest river in the
world – 4000 miles long
• Home to the Amazon River
dolphin
• Starts in the mountains of
Peru, flows through the
Amazon Rain Forest and
empties out into the Atlantic
Ocean through Brazil
• Huge cargo ships can sail on
this river
Andes Mountains
• Longest mountain chain
(4,200 miles) in the world
and one of the highest
• Runs along the west coast
of South America
• Some of these mountains
are still active volcanoes
• People live in these
mountains raising sheep,
llamas and alpacas
Atacama Desert
• Known as the driest place
on earth
• There are some places
that rain as never been
recorded
• Located along the coast
of South America in Chile
• Is considered “moon-like”
because it is so barren
looking
The Amazon Rain Forest
Amazon Rain Forest video
The Four Layers
of the Rainforest
•Emergent layer – this is the top layer of the
rain forest. These tall trees get the most sun
and rain. The harpy eagle, blue morpho
butterflies, macaws, vultures and some
monkeys are animals you will see at this layer
•Canopy layer – this is the second layer. These
smaller trees that form this layer are very close
to each other preventing most of the rain from
going down to the lower layers. Sloths,
monkeys, bats, iguanas and snakes can be
found in this layer.
•Understory layer – this layer is very dark; not
much sunlight gets through these close-knit,
small trees. Bats, snakes, monkeys, frogs, wild
cats, owls and lizards live in this layer.
•Forest floor – this is the bottom layer and it is
very dark and quiet. There are small ferns and
bushes. The forest soil gets its nutrients from
the decomposing trees and leaves and dead
animals. Animals that live in this layer are
anteaters, frogs, snakes, armadillos, tapirs and
ocelots.
Types of Animals
Fish
Has fins, scales,
and lives in water
Reptile
Amphibian
Has scales and
a backbone
Only animal that starts life
in the water and spends the
second half of its’ life on land
Types of Animals
Bird
The only animal
that has feathers
and wings
Mammal Animal covered
with fur or hair; gives
birth to live babies
Harpy Eagle
Found in the emergent layer
• Bird - one of the largest and
most powerful in the world
• Talons can be as big as a
grizzly bear’s claw
• Carnivore (meat eater)
• Endangered
• Three feet tall with
wingspan of 6 ½ feet
• Harpy Eagle video
Toucan
Found in the canopy layer
• Has an enormous, colorful
beak
• Omnivore (eats meat and
plants)
• Bird
• Known as one of the
noisiest birds in the jungle
• Considered clowns of the
rainforest
Howler Monkey
Found in the canopy layer
• Loudest monkey and
loudest animal in the world
• Mammal
• Herbivore (eats plants and
fruit)
• In decline due to loss of
habitat
• Prehensile tail
• Howler Monkey video
Jaguar
Found in the understory layer
• Largest cat in South America
(3rd largest in the world)
• Mammal
• Endangered
• Carnivores (meat eaters)
• Nocturnal
• Very good swimmers
• Only predator is humans
Blue Poison Dart Frog
Found in the understory layer
• Extremely poisonous skin
• Eat insects (insectivore)
• Amphibian
• Bright colors warn predators
that it is poison
• Its’ poison is used by South
American Indians on the
tips of their hunting arrows
Anaconda
Found on the forest floor
• Biggest snake in the world
• Cold-blooded reptile
• Smells with its tongue
• Has no fangs
• Carnivore (eats meat)
• Nocturnal
• Lives in swamps in the rain
forest
Black Caiman
Found on the forest floor
• Cold-blooded reptile
• Carnivore (eats meat)
• Nocturnal
• Can grow up to 20 feet
long
• Swallows prey whole
• Lives in lakes of the
rainforest
• Good swimmer
Piranha
Found in the Amazon River
• Fresh water fish
• Found in lakes and
streams
• Carnivore (meat eater)
• Teeth will be replaced if
broken
• Predators include
caimans, turtles,
snakes, birds and
people
Electric Eel
Found on the forest floor
• Fish
• Generates electricitywill shock its’ prey
• Grows to eight feet long
• Surfaces to gulp air
• Electric shock will get
stronger as this fish gets
older
Galapagos Tortoise
• Lives on the Galapagos
Islands
• Can live up to 150 years old
• Reptile
• Herbivore (eats plants and
fruits)
• Store food and water so
well, doesn’t have to eat or
drink for a year
• Endangered species
Rainforest Matchup Game - Part 1
Animals
B 1
C 2
E 3
A 4
D 5
Type of Animal
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
mammal
fish
reptile
amphibian
bird
Incorrect - Click anywhere to
continue
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Rainforest Matchup Game - Part 2
Animals
C 6
Types of Animal
A. Fish
B. Mammal
A 7
C. Bird
D. Reptile
D 8
B 9
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continue
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- Click anywhere to
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completely
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The Amazon Rain Forest