Guide to implementation of
phytosanitary standards in forestry
Name
Title
Organization
WHY do we have so
many new forest pests?
Change in global e xports, 1 9 9 2 -2 0 0 8 (m illion m 3 )
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Con iferou s rou n d w ood
N on -con iferou s tem p erate
rou n d w ood
Trop ical rou n d w ood
1992
2008
Con iferou s saw n w ood
N on -con iferou s saw n w ood
(Source: FAOSTAT)
Increased pest movement
• Travel - faster
• Trade - increased
• Transport - further
Increasing global trade
Increased trade moves
Expanded
global
trade
pests globally
Slide courtesy of Hugh Evans,
Forest Research Agency (Wales)
Pathways for pest movement in
international trade
• Wood as a commodity
• Wood packaging
materials
• Plants for planting
• Cut plants
• Seeds
• Industrial equipment
International control
mechanisms
• International Plant Protection Convention
(IPPC): an international agreement among
countries to prevent the introduction and
spread of pests
• 177 countries are contracting parties
• NPPOs: use national legislation to protect
natural resources from pests
International standards
• International Standards for
Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs):
provide guidance for harmonized
regulatory measures
• ISPM No. 15: regulates wood packaging
material in international trade
New guide
• To initiate a common understanding of
phytosanitary concepts
• To make ISPMs more
accessible to the forest
sector
• Thus to reduce the
movement of pests
Guide development
• Developed by FAO with international
scientists, phytosanitary authorities and
forest sector representatives
• Supported by the International Plant
Protection Convention Secretariat
• Financial support from FAO-Finland Forestry
Programme
Guide development
Albania
Argentina
Australia
Belgium
Bhutan
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
Brazil
Canada
Chile
China
Colombia
Denmark
Egypt
Ethiopia
Fiji
Germany
India
Indonesia
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Kenya
Kyrgyzstan
Lithuania
Malaysia
Netherlands
New Zealand
Philippines
Russian
Federation
Seychelles
Slovenia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Switzerland
The FYR
of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Trinidad
and Tobago
Uganda
Ukraine
United Kingdom
United Republic
of Tanzania
United States
of America
Uruguay
Features
• Forestry terminology and plain language
• Appropriate guidance on good forest health
management
• Practical examples of how implementation of
ISPMs can improve forest health
Who is it for?
Nurseries
Policy-makers, planners
& managers
Importers &
Exporters
Planted forests
Guide
Product transportation
& distribution centres
Naturally regenerating
forests
Operations
Sawmills & post-harvest
treatments
Dissemination
• Publication date - early 2011, followed by
periodic updates
• Available in all 6 official FAO languages
• Widely distributed to forest sector workers,
universities, forestry schools & libraries, &
will be made available to NPPOs
• Will also be made available online & on CD
Core Group
Hesham A. Abuelnaga
USA
Hugh Evans
UK
Shane Sela
IPPC
Eric Allen
Canada
Su See Lee
Malaysia
Adnan Uzunovic
Canada
Kerry Britton
USA
Roddie Burgess
UK
Sarah A.H. Olembo
Ethiopia
Andrei Orlinski
France
Brian Zak
Canada
Gillian Allard
FAO
Edson Tadeu Iede
Brazil
Shiroma Sathyapala
New Zealand
Beverly Moore
FAO
The way forward
• Disseminating the key messages
• Implementation through regional forest
invasive species networks and/or through
Regional Forestry Commissions
• Field testing in developing countries with
support from the FAO-Finland Forestry
Programme and other sponsors
Awareness raising
Awareness raising activities
Presentations to international fora:
• NAPPO meeting, 18-22 October 2010, Kelowna, British Columbia,
Canada
• Forest Faculty, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 20 October 2010
• Regional launch of Centre for Phytosanitary Excellence (COPE), 27
October 2010, Nairobi, Kenya
• Regional workshop for networks in the Near East, 7-9 November
2010, Cairo, Egypt
• UK Forestry Commission Biosecurity Programme Board, 17
November 2010
• EU Standing Committee on Plant Health, January 2011
• 2011 Annual Training Conference, UK
• USDA Forum on Gypsy Moth and Other Exotic Pests, Annapolis, MD,
USA, January 2011
• Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) 6, 14-18 March 2011
Increased communication
• A regional workshop for 15 Russian-speaking
countries to be held in Estonia, early June
2011 will bring NPPOs and forest health
professionals together
Testing the guide
• Adnan Uzunovic presentation
to Forest Faculty, Sarajevo,
Bosnia and Herzegovina, 20
October 2010
• Attended by Dean, professors,
100 students, Bosnian NPPO
representatives
• Applied needs assessment
questionnaire
• Group identified needs,
discussed how to gather the
information & bridge the gap
between foresters & NPPOs
Thank you!
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