Unit 3 Latin America
Chapter 10-13
Pages 220-285
Vocabulary
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Plateau
Irrigation
Hacienda
Land Redistribution
Latifundio
Migrant Worker
Estuary
Maquiladoras
Gasohol
Mulattoes
2
3
4
5
6
Population
Distribution
7
Cultural Aspects of Latin America
• Mix of peoples from Asia, Africa, and Europe
• A site of civilizations and empires
• Greatest cultural contribution:
• Largest number of Native American groups in
the world.
8
Conquest
Spanish - first to colonize
the region
– Initial pursuit of silver and gold
developed into a more diversified
Economy
Portuguese colonization Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
– The Treaty was meant to divide the
world between the Spanish and
the Portuguese
–Never recognized by the British,
Dutch or French
9
10
New Spain - Mexico
• Aztec decline
• 4 Social Classes emerged
– Hacienda
• 1810 – Began revolution
• Democracy?
• Indian Life
11
Mexico’s Industry
• Petroleum extraction
• Tourism
– “Smokeless industry”
• Maquiladoras
12
Chapter 11
Central America & Caribbean
Central America
People
•Indians
•Mestizos
•Africans
•Europeans
Conflicts
•Land
•Wealthy
•Unstable
governments
14
Agriculture and Fishing
The Panama Canal
Going Through the Panama Canal
Caribbean Islands
Island groups
• Greater Antilles
• Lesser Antilles
• Bahamas
People
• African
• European
Economy
• Agriculture
18
Banana Plantation
Harvesting Sugar Cane
Growing Coffee
Rubber Industry
Brazil
Chapter 12
23
Regions
Landforms
• Plains & Plateaus
Regions
• Northeast
• Southeast
• Brazilian Highlands
• Amazon Basin
24
Brazilian Highlands
Sao Paolo, Brazil
Overcrowding in
Sao Paolo, Brazil
Amazon Rain Forest
Amazon Rain Forest
On the Ground Floor
of the Rain Forest
Three-Tiered Vegetation
Three-Tiered Canopy
Native Indians of the Amazon
Jungle Fauna
Minerals of the Amazon Region
Amethyst
Quartz
Diamonds
Bauxite
Deforestation in the Amazon
Original Forest Cover
Current Forest Cover
Future Forest Cover
Eco-Tourism
Brazil’s Economy
Challenges
• Favelas – Poor
• Plantations – Wealthy
•  redistribution
Growth
• Gasohol
• Service industry
39
South America
Chapter 13
40
Northern Tropics
• Guianas – Human Characteristics
– Differ because of colonization
– Economic Activities
• Venezuela
– Completely contrasts the Guianas
– Use oil wealth to launch poverty programs
– Climate based on altitudinal zonation
• Pg. 270
– Oil!!
• Could be Western Hem. Biggest oil & gas
producer
41
• Columbia
– Most people live between Cordilleras
– Coffee – Problem?
– Drug trade
42
Andean Countries
Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile
Physical Geography
• Mountain stretches 5,500 miles from
Caribbean Sea to southern tip of South
America
• Divide countries into coastal plain,
highlands and forest regions
Human Geography
Jobs these people might hold
1. An Ecuadorian mestizo living on the
coastal plain
2. A descendant of a European family in
Ecuador
3. A Peruvian family living in the
mountains
Southern Grassland Countries
Economy depends on one single product!
Paraguay – Democratic since 1993
Uruguay – 85% of land devoted to primary
economic activity
Argentina – 88% of people live in cities.
Democratic since 1983
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Unit 3 Latin America