New Zealand
Cultural Geography
I. History(2)
-the first organized
colonial settlement
was founded in 1840
by the British
-New Zealand became an
independent dominion in
1907 but still supported Britain in wars
-New Zealand is about the size of the state of Colarado
-capital is Wellington which is situated in the North Island
-it is the youngest country in the world
II. History(2)
-the total population is 4,213,418 people
-the literacy rate is 99% within the entire
-the GDP per capita is $27,400
-in the human development index New Zealand is ranked 20th
-the total GDP is 117.8 billion dollars
-the natural increase rate is .7 %
-New Zealand is currently in Stage 4 of the Demographic
III. History(2)
-the Maori people migrated to New Zealand only a thousand
years ago
- the Maori people are a moderately developed tribe and have
their own language
- the Maori language became
an official language in 1987
Music (10)
Maori music is more than just aggressive chants and bellicose dances.
Their traditional performance, a fusion of song and dance, is known as
kapahaka; haka being the generic name for Maori dance. The songs, often
determined by a lyrical theme, are accompanied by traditional instruments such
as the koauau (rotund flute), putorino (small flute), nguru (nose flute) and
pututara (conch shell).
The types of songs can be divided into two categories:
powhiri (a welcome ceremony recited by men and women)
haka taparahi (a dance without weapons)
haka peruperu (with weapons)
karakia (incantations and spells)
paatere (reactions to gossip).
Music continued... (10)
poi (songs accompanied by a dance in which women hit their body
rhythmically with cotton balls attached to a string)
oriori (songs composed to teach children of high rank their special
descent and history)
pao (improvised songs of local interest)
waiata ahore (love songs)
waiata whaiaaipo (laments)
waiata tahit, chants or song poetry
Maori action song- Te Hokioi
Official Languages(1)
- there are currently three official languages in New
Zealand: English, Maori, and New Zealand sign language
-the official language of New Zealand is English
- as of April 2006, New Zealand is the first country to
declare sign language an official language
Food (6)
• New Zealand's cuisine has been described as Pacific Rim, drawing
inspiration from Europe, Asia and Polynesia.
• Because there is a large amount of sheep in New Zealand, it is part
of everyday diet.
• New Zealand's diet largely consists of seafood since it is an
island. This includes bluff oysters, cod, flounder, hapuka, and king
• Barbecues are a custom in New Zealand's culture during the
• Fish and chips is also a favorite meal in New Zealand.
Food Continued (8)
• For a traditional barbecues, its common to cook with a maori
• A maori hangi is an oven that is dug in the ground, lined with red
hot stones and covered with vegetation. The food being cooked is
then placed on top. More vegetation is then added, with water
sprinkled on top. The food is then cooked by steaming for several
• The hangi is prepared for special occasions, with men digging the
hole and women preparing the food.
Food continued (3)
• Pavlova is a dessert named for the Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova. She
toured both Australia and New Zealand in 1926. Both countries argue over
where the dessert was really invented, but both have taken it as the national
dessert of their country.
Ethnicity (9)
As of 2006, 77.6% of New Zealanders
identified themselves as European or from
Southern Asians in New Zealand
European decent.
14.6% identified themselves as Maori, the
indigenous people of New Zealand .
6.9% as Pacific peoples, 9.2% as Asians and
.9% as others.
New Zealand vs France
-English is off the language branch of the Indo- European
Maori (7)
- Maori, the native language, is used only in New Zealand but not many people
speak it
-the language originated in isolation until the 19th century in New Zealand
-approximately 130,000 people know some Maori and the rest of the country
speaks English
- in 1987 the native language of
Maori became an official language
Religion (11)
In 2006 just over 2 million people, or 55.6% of the population
of New Zealand identified themeselves as Christians or
Over 8 out of 10 Pacfic peoples identify themselves as Christian
as well.
- Maori is an ethnic religion in New Zealand, there are apox 2,427 followers.
Religion continued...(11)
Over the past years there has been an increase in people affiliating with nonChristian religions. This mainly attributed to migrants, particularly from Asia.
Almost 8 in 10 people (78.8 percent) affiliated with the Hindu religion were born
overseas, particularly in Southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. A similar
proportion of people affiliating with Islam (77.0 percent) were born overseas,
mainly in Southern Asia, but also in the Middle East. The majority of people born
overseas affiliating with Buddhism (37,590 people) were born in Asia (34,422
• When New Zealand was separated from other land masses 100
million years ago ancient plants and animals survived and evolved
into unique species.
• New Zealand's landscape is very unique, ranging from mountains,
beaches, rainforests, glaciers, and active volcanoes.
• But, because of Maori and European settlers new plants and species were
introduced. This began to overpower the natural species of New Zealand.
Environment (17)
• N
ew Zealand lies about 1,600 km from both Australia and Polynesia. Its three
main islands are the North and South islands and Stewart Island, or Rakiura,
lying due south of the South Island.
• Much of the history of mountain building, earthquakes and volcanic activity is
due to its location on the Pacific ‘Ring of Fire’.
• There is no location in New Zealand that is more than 130 km from the sea. It
is a very long coastline: estimates range from 15,000 to 18,000 km.
Popular Culture (13)
In New Zealand, organized sports are
popular such as cricket, rugby, and
Rugby originated in England and
diffused to New Zealand where it
became popular
Soccer also has origins in England
but is now popular in New Zealand
-however when first introduced to the culture
it was not very popular
II. Popular Culture (14)
The culture that resembles
American pop culture is found
mainly in Auckland
-Auckland is the center of
New Zealand's fashion industry
-it is home to many fashion
houses such as Karen Walker
and Trelise Cooper
-Auckland is also a hub for
popular music in the country
Folk Culture (5)
-The folk culture in
New Zealand primarily
consists of the Maori
culture because it is
unique from the typical
culture in the rest of the
-The Maori people have their own language and tribal customs
-They have belief in many different gods and have their own
legends about how the Earth was formed
North Island Tourist Destinations (16)
Waitamo Glow Worm Caves
Te Papa
Since 1887 when the Waitomo Glowworm •
Caves were first explored, people have been
attracted to this fascinating network of
limestone caves and grottos
You can take a tour on boat through the
glow worm caves.
The National Museum of New Zealand
tells the story of the national people
and history.
Located in Wellington, the museum is
free and has interesting and
informative displays about Maori and
New Zealand.
South Island Tourist Destinations (16)
Christchurch Gondola
• You can take a ride from
Christchurch to the summit of
Port Hills.
• Get 360 degree views of the city,
Lyttelton Harbour, the Southern
Alps, and Canterbury Plains.
Hanmer Springs
• With thermal pools ranging in
temperature from 95 to 115
• There are also water slides
• Located inland from Kaikoura
Web SitesNew Zealand Language. (n.d.). (1)
Retrieved from
New Zealand World Fact Book. (n.d.). (2)
Retrieved from
Pavlova. (n.d.). (3)
Retrieved from
Travel Stories . (n.d.). (4)
Retrieved from
Sources continued
Folk Culture. (n.d.). (5)
Retrieved from
Food and Wine in New Zealand. (n.d.). (6)
Retrieved from
Maori Culture. (n.d.).(7)
Retrieved from
New Zealand Cuisine.(8)
(n.d.). Retrieved from
Ethnic composition of the population. (n.d.). (9)
Retrieved from
sources continued...
Hancock, D. (n.d.). Maori Music Music. (10)
Retrieved from
QuickStats About Culture and Identity. (n.d.). (11)
Retrieved from
Natural Environment. (n.d.). (12)
Retrieved from
Popular culture. (n.d.). (13)
Retrieved from
Popular culture media. (n.d.). (14)
Retrieved from
Indo-European Languages. (n.d.). (15
Retrieved from
sources continued... (16) (16) (17)
sources continued