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Pre-school institutions (nurseries and
kindergartens)
Primary school
Secondary school
Higher education
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For children aged 1 – 6
Attended by 35% of the children (116,382
children in 2009)
Lasts for eight years (6 or 7 until 14 or 15)
 Compulsory education
 Article 65 of the Constitution states:
Primary education shall be compulsory and
free.
 Uniform curriculum

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Lower level or classroom teaching (1st to 4th
grade) – one teacher except for Foreign
Language and Religious Education
Higher level or subject teaching (5th to 8th
grade) – each subject taught by a particular
teacher
Not compulsory
 Article 65 of the Constitution states:
Secondary and higher education shall be made
equally accessible to all, on the basis of
capacity
 Last for three or four years
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Grammar schools (general, language, science,
classical and sports grammar schools)
Vocational schools (commercial, medical,
technical, art, dance, ballet, agricultural etc.)
Industrial and craftsmanship schools (3 years)

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Types of school
State graduation examination
Acces to higher education

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Universities
Public polytechnics
Schools of professional higher education
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Institutions of higher education that organise and
implement university studies in at least two
scientific and/or artistic areas in a larger number of
fields.
Universities of Zagreb, Osijek, Split, Rijeka, Pula,
Dubrovnik and Zadar
Universities include components that are legal
persons and are called faculties or art academies.
They carry out university study programmes and
conduct research

In Croatia there are:
◦ private polytechnics (e.g. Polytechnic in Velika Gorica,
VERN Business College, Polytechnic for media, business and
management etc.)
◦ 25 private schools of professional higher education
(e.g. American College of Management and Technology,
International Graduate School for Management in Zagreb,
RRiF School of Financial Management, etc.)

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Undergraduate
Graduate
Postgraduate (doctoral study)
Exception: integrated undergraduate and
graduate study (e.g. Law)

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The first level normally lasts for three years
during which students earn 180 ECTS
A smaller number of undergraduate studies
in Croatia are administered as four-year
studies during which students earn 240 ECTS
(e.g. Social Work)
University degree: bachelor

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The second level normally lasts for two years
during which students earn 120 ECTS.
A smaller number of graduate studies in
Croatia are administered as one-year studies
in which students earn 60 ECTS.
After the completion of the studies, students
receive the diploma and the academic title of
master with the indication of the profession.
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The third level normally lasts for three years.
After its completion, students receive the
diploma and the academic title of the doctor
of science with the indication of the scientific
or art field.
Universities autonomously regulate the usage
of ECTS in postgraduate university studies.

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Public polytechnics and schools of professional
higher education are institutions of higher
education that implement professional studies.
These two types of higher education institutions
differ in the scope of their curriculum: polytechnics
are the institutions of higher education that
organise and implement at least three different
studies from at least three different scientific
fields.
Their mission is to provide professional education
to students, with the emphasis on practical
application and they commonly include practical
work.


The grading system in the Republic of Croatia
consists of five grades:
5 – excellent, 4 – very good, 3 – good, 2 –
sufficient, 1 – insufficient. The minimum
positive grade is 2 – sufficient.

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All children between the ages 5 and 16 in
England, Scotland and Wales, and 4 and 16 in
Norther Ireland, must, by law, receive fulltime education
About 93% receive free education financed
from public funds (state schools), and 7%
attend independent schools financed by fees
paid by parents

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Private-owned schools which charge tuition
(which can be very high)
Larger and more famous private fee-paying
boarding schools (such as Eton, Harrow,
Rugby and Roedan) are also called public
schools – they were originally founded by
benefactors for families who valued
education, but could not afford private tutors

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There are four stages:
1. Primary
2. Secondary
3. Sixth Form
4. University

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
Age 5 – 11
Primary education starts with infant school
(5-7)
This is followed by junior (or first) school (711)

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
Age 11- 16
Schools are mainly comprehensive (nonselective); a few grammar schools still exist
Comprehensive schools are divided into six
forms; pre-programme
Ends with GCSE – General Certificate of
Secondary Education

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English Language
Other modern languages including student’s native
language
Maths
Sciences (either combined or separate Biology,
Chemistry and Physics) and ICT
Humanities (History, Geography, Law, Psychology,
Sociology etc)
Arts (Music, Drama, Art & Design)


The National Curriculum in England and
Wales consists of statutory subjects for 5- to
16-year-olds
All state schools must provide religious
education, and all state secondary schools
must provide sex education
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
English
Mathematics
Science
Art & design
Citizenship
Design & Technology
Geography
History
Information & Communication Technology (ICT)
Modern Foreign Languages
Music
Physical Education



GCSE – General Certificate of Secondary
Education; taken at the age of 16
O-levels
UK students usually begin a 2-year GCSE
programme at age 14, with exams that test
knowledge and skills

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After completing a Pre-Programme (for
international students) or GCSEs, students can
choose from four courses:
A-level (2 years or 1 year fast-track)
International Baccalaureate (2 years only)
University Foundation (1 year fast-track)
Cambridge Pre-U (2 years only)
On completion of their Sixth Form studies, most
students can progress straight to University



About 70% of 16-year-old pupils continue in fulltime education, studying for examinations which
lead to higher education, professional training or
vocational qualifications
GNVQ – the General National Vocational
Qualification (today replaced by BTEC – Business
and Technology Education Council - exams)
A levels – the academic General Certificate of
Education Advanced level examination

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
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State-run universities (over 100)
Polytechnics
Colleges of higher education (1 or 2 year
non-degree courses)
Private universities

Approximately one-third of UK sixth form
students progress to higher education. This
means that competition for the top
universities is very fierce, and a good
education at sixth form is essential for
ambitious students.


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The most prestigious, the oldest and most
traditional universities
Special entrance exams
Half the students come from private schools

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Preschool education: nursery school or
kindergarten; not obligatory, but
kindergartens are often part of the public
school system
Americans start school at the age of 6 (first
grade)
Every year they go up a grade until they leave
school at the age of 18, from twelfth grade
Schoolchildren are called students


Elementary (grade school) – 1st to 6th grade
Secondary school
◦ Junior high – 7th to 8th grade
◦ Senior high – 9th to 12th grade

Higher education


Public schools – state schools, free of charge
(even for foreigners); important in the life of
the local community; social centres
Private schools – parents required to pay fees
(tuition); organization and curricula similar to
public schools, but the administration differs;
frequently associated with religious
institutions

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Education regulated at federal, state and local
levels
This results in certain differences in the
organisation of schools (advanced classes, choice
of sports, activities and vocational training)
Grades (classes) regulated at the federal level
High school curriculum is regulated at the state
level, so it differs from state to state

Promotion from one grade to the next is
based on the pupil’s achievement of specified
skills in reading, writing, spelling, arithmetic,
history, geography and art


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Compulsory (prescribed) subjects: English,
science, social studies, mathematics, physical
education
Elective subjects chosen in many fields
(foreign languages, arts, vocational training,
science...)
In senior high school half of the student
workload is elective

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Freshman
Sophomore
Junior
Senior

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Pep rally
Homecoming
Prom
Yearbook launch
Graduation (ceremonies, caps and gowns,
diplomas, speeches, farewell speech by
valedictorian)

Colleges and universities
◦ Colleges (community and junior) – associate degree
 Junior college – the first two years of an undergraduate
curriculum or final vocational training
 Community college – largely attended by students who
want to live at home

Colleges of liberal arts
◦ Humanities, social studies

Professional colleges
◦ Engineering, education, business...
Universities – bachelor’s degree, master’s degree,
PhD or advanced professional degree (Law,
Medicine, Dentistry)
Undergradute and graduate departments
State universities and private universities
The best universities are private (Yale, Princeton,
Harvard)



A system of credits (units) which are
transferable
Students must select a major (the main
subject of study) in order to earn a Bachelor’s
degree
Students are required to take a certain
number of courses within that major in order
to receive the degree


The Greek system (sororities and fraternities)
Life on campus
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Education in Croatia