Education System in India
Nalanda University (450 -1150 AD)
• All levels of education in India, from
primary to higher education, are overseen
by the Ministry of Human Resource
Development (Department of Higher
Education (India) and Department of
School Education and Literacy), and
heavily subsidized by the Indian
government, though there is a move to
make higher education partially selffinancing.
• In India, the main types of schools are those
controlled by:
• The state government boards, in which the vast
majority of Indian school-children are enrolled,
• The Central Board of Secondary Education
(CBSE) board,
• The Council for the Indian School Certificate
Examinations (CISCE) board,
• National Open School and
• "International schools."
• Overall, according to the latest Government
Survey undertaken by NUEPA (DISE, 2005-6),
there are 1,124,033 schools.
Educational oversight Ministry of HRD
HRD Minister Arjun Singh
National education budget
• Discretionary
• Mandatory
Rs.24,115 crore (2006-07)
Primary language(s) of education
English, Other regional languages
Literacy (2001)
• Men
• Women
64.8 %
75.3 %
53.7 %
1
Enrollment (2001-02)
• Primary (I-V)
• Mid/Upper Prim. (VI-VIII)
• Higher Secondary (IX-X)
189.2 million
113.9 million
44.8 million
30.5 million
1. doesn't include kindergarten enrollment
Higher Education in India
• 227 government recognized universities in
India.
• Out of them 20 are central universities.
• 109 are deemed universities.
• 11 are open universities and rest are state
universities.
• Affiliating colleges- St Joseph’s Bangalore.
• 16,885 colleges-99.54 lakh students- 8%
• University grants commission(UGC).
Indian Institutes of
Technology(IITs)
•
•
•
•
13 autonomous engineering and
technology-oriented institutes of higher
education.
Institutes of National importance.
Created to train scientists and engineers.
About 15,500 undergraduates and
12,000 graduates and research scholars.
Indian Institute of Science(IISc)
• Premier post-graduate institution of
research and higher learning located in
Bangalore.
• 2000 students,400 faculty members,48
departments ranging from aerospace
engineering to molecular biophysics to
management.
Indian Institutes of
Management(IIMs)
• Premier management institutes.
• Conduct research and provide
consultancy services.
• Top business schools of India.
• 6 IIMs in 6 different places.
National Institutes of
Technology(NIITs)
• Premier colleges of engineering and
technology education.
• Originally called regional engineering
colleges.
• 17 NIITs at present and many more to
come.
All India Institute of Medical
Sciences(AIIMS
• Autonomous medical college and hospital
funded by India’s Union government.
• Best medical college and public hospital in
the country.
Compulsory and free elemetary
education to all between the age
group 6-14
• The strategies adopted by the
Government to check drop-out rate are:
• Creating parental awareness
• Community mobilization
• Economic incentives
Initiatives
• Non-formal education (NFE) age group of
6-14.
• Bal Bhavans – creative and sports skills of
children age group of 5-16.
• Distance education – Open universities.
Education for special sections of
Society
• Women – NFEs exclusively for girls.
• SC/STs and OBCs – 60% of themScholarships, subsidy and fees waiver.
• Post graduate classes at correctional
homes.
Contemporary education issues
• Rote learning – emphasis on passing
examinations with high percentage.
• Caste, language and religion based
reservations- forged certificatescorruption.
• Expenditure on education has to be 6% of
the GDP- in 2004 only 3.5% was spent.
• Sarva Shikshana abhiyan
Non-graduation market of India as per Census 2001.
Educational level
Holders
Total
502,994,684
Unclassified
97,756
Non-technical diploma or certificate not equal to degree
386,146
Technical diploma or certificate not equal to degree
3,666,680
Higher Secondary, Intermediate, Pre-university or Senior Secondary 37,816,215
Matriculation or Secondary
79,229,21
Graduation market of India as per Census
2001.
Degree
Total
Holders
37,670,147
Post-graduate degree other than technical degree 6,949,707
Graduate degree other than technical degree
25,666,044
Engineering and technology
2,588,405
Teaching
1,547,671
Medicine
768,964
Agriculture and dairying
100,126
Veterinary
99,999
Other
22,588
Country
Adult Literacy Rate
Youth Literacy Rate
China
90.9
98.9
India
61.3
73.3
Nepal
44.0
62.7
Pakistan
41.5
53.9
Sri Lanka
92.1
97.0
Bangladesh
41.1
49.7
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