Vocational Education & Training (VET) • A presentation by i Watch, about VET, in 37 slides • Slides 2 to 7 explain the 5 building blocks for INDIA • Slides 8 to 18 bring out the advantages of VET • Slides 19 & 20 show aspects of Human Development • Slides 21 to 26 show aspects of Education with special reference to Vocational Education & Training or VET & Entrepreneurship Skill development or ESD • Slides 27 to 32 show the Planned Policy for VET for INDIA • Slides 33 to 35 highlight the 16 Stake Holders of VET • Slide 36 highlights the need to use TV & Radio for Education and Social causes Vision 2020 – the Building Blocks 1. Good Governance & Effective Administration 2. 100% Primary Literacy 3. Vocational Education & Training, VET 4. SME’s (Small & Medium Enterprises, 93% of Indians work here) 5. Exports & Tourism 1. Vision 2020 – the Building Blocks Good Governance & Effective Administration 2. Vision 2020 – the Building Blocks 100% Primary Literacy- A Dream? (450/600 million illiterate at present!) 3. Vision 2020 – the Building Blocks Vocational Education & Training or VET In Europe nearly 1.5-2.0% of the population is under training with VET at any given time! (For India it would mean 20 to 30 million people trained per year. Presently the figure is very low, about 1 to 2 million & quality is not adequate nor the variety of courses offered!) 4. Vision 2020 – the Building Blocks SME’s or Small & Medium Enterprises - Account for 80% of GDP of most Nations 5. Vision 2020 – the Building Blocks India’s Exports – 0.62% India’s Tourism – 0.38% of World (Big Scope to improve, Big employment generator) 1. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA India in 2003 GDP – 1.32% of World (Buying Power is related to GDP) World Trade – 0.62% of World World Population – 17% of World 2. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA • Primary Education • Secondary Education & • Vocational Education & Training or (VET) 3. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA VET in Europe, USA, Japan & ‘Asian Tigers’ Nearly 80 to 90% of youth opt for VET 4. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA VET - Advantage INDIA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Reduction in unemployment Creation of SME’s World Class productivity & quality Exports & Tourism surge GDP increase, per capita advantage 5. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA Prepare the Youth 1. 70% of India, 728 millions are less than 35 years of age! 2. Employment & Entrepreneurship…………….. …………only with VET & 6. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA Build-up a World Class Work Force Big scope for MNC’s to come to India, but where are the trained people? 7. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA INDIA Needs Trained People to fight Globalization 8. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA Reduce Unemployment Presently about 300 million are unemployed! Most of them lack some sort of 1.Competency or Skills or 2.Vocational Education & Training (VET) or 3.Entrepreneurship Skills Development (ESD)! 9. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA Improve Productivity Reduce Cost Make India Competitive 10. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA Expand existing Educational Infrastructure for VET 11. Vocational Education & Training - The Real Winner for INDIA Let us work together for a Common Cause & a Win-Win-Win-Win-Win • Government • Educational Institutions • Industry • Trade • Services Holistic Human development Employment & Unemployment A. - Purpose of Education 1. How can I survive in this World? 2. How can I earn enough? 3. How will it benefit me & my Family? 4. Can I start my own business? 5. Indian buying power is limited, can I export? 6. How to do something better / faster? 7. The need for more knowledge / learning 8. The need for benchmarking & improving 9. The urge & need to become World Class 10. To excel in any particular field of activity A. - Purpose of Education, contd. 10. To reduce growth rate of population 11. To reduce Law & Order problems 12. To reduce the incidence of AIDS 14. To improve SECURITY within INDIA 15. To improve HORMONY between the people 16. To improve personal hygiene 17. To improve general health and reduce disease 18. To improve productivity 19. To reduce pollution & improve environment 20. Find new ways to solve old problems B. - Planning for the Youth of INDIA 1. Emphasis on 100% Primary Literacy 2. Empowerment of the Female Child 3. Entrepreneurial Skill Development (ESD) from Primary Stages 4. Vocational Education & Training (VET) to start at the earliest stages, based on likes and preferences 5. Emphasis on ESD & VET rather than the present college system C. - Planning for Skill levels 1. Level - 1 – Primary School or less…..30% 2. Level - 1a – Secondary School or less..30% 3. Level - 2 – High School or 10th ...........30% 4. Level - 3 – 10+2 (English Medium)…...7% 5. Level - 4 – Level 3 or equivalent……...2% 6. Level - 5 – Level 4 or equivalent……...1% % indicates % of suggested importance of total work force, which is presently 400 million and 26 - 29 million per year are added every year! D. Suggested sources for VET Syllabus Level 1 & 1a – This is the informal sector. We strongly suggest that one should contact DEIS, Pune at www.deispune.org or contact Indian NGO’s, Thane at www.IndianNGOs.com Level 2 – This is the formal sector. Contact PSSCIVE at Bhopal, part of NCERT/MHRD. PSSCIVE syllabus can also be adapted for Levels 1&1a. Level 3, 4 & 5 – International Level, World Class, English medium, contact i Watch for City & Guild, or C&G, UK, courses. 53 main courses, 1200 mini-modules. E. - Master plan for ESD & VET 1. Both go hand in hand, to be nurtured together 2. Both are required in India, even at Levels 1, 2 and 3. 3. Need to develop ESD & VET for the masses 4. Holistic Plan for ESD 5. Holistic Plan for VET Holistic Plan for VET 1. Map the Enterprises as a National Data Bank Identify all economic activity in a geographical zone • Village wise • City wise • District wise • State wise Information to be compiled street wise and area wise Information to be compiled category wise/enterprise 2. Register all Institutions in VET 1. Identify the type of Institution 2. Types of courses offered 3. Duration, costs, entry level qualifications 4. Facilities and Infrastructure offered 5. Tie-ups for practical training, if not inhouse 6. Certification offered & Quality Assurance 7. Details about the faculty 3. Amend National Labour Policy – especially in regard to VET 1. Depending upon the size of the enterprise, trainees/apprentices can be kept and used 2. Draw out rules for their part time employment 3. Can be paid a stipend – on days worked 4. No conflict with permanent staff 5. No guarantee of a permanent job 6. Maximum stipend will be minimum wages 4. Get the Best Possible Syllabus 1. Start off with the best possible & proven courses, e.g., those from City & Guilds, U.K. 2. Consider the use of courses from Germany, available from GTZ in New Delhi 3. Use these courses for Levels 3, 4 and 5 as they must be World Class 4. If required amend some of these courses, to suit Indian conditions 5. Develop, within India, Level 1 & 2 courses 6. VET courses must be developed in all Indian languages, since only 5% of Indians understand English VET courses from City & Guilds, U.K. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Accommodation Operations & Services Applied Information Technology Beauty Therapy Hairdressing Journalism & Radio Competences Cleaning Services Clothing & Knitting Kraft Creative Skills Certificate – 93 different skill sets Creative Studies – 97 different skill sets Food & Beverage Service Food Preparation & Culinary Arts International Teaching & Training Awards International Tourism Library & Information Assistants Numeracy Radio Amateurs Examination Reception Operations & Services Retailing Television & Radio Production Sewing Skills Tropical Agriculture Health & Safety Wig making Media Techniques – TV & Video Footwear Manufacturing Operations • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Basic Engineering Trade Subjects Communication & Technical Information CAD Construction Industry Concrete Technology & Construction Electrical & Electronic Engineering Craft Studies Electrical & Electronic Engineering Technicians Awards Electronics Servicing Technology Engineering Systems Maintenances Competences Fabrication & Welding Inspection & Quality Control Flour Milling General Course in Engineering – Manufacturing, Plant Technology, Design & Manufacture, Mechatronics, Control Systems. International Assessors Award Knowledge of Security & Emergency Alarm Systems Maintenance & Repair of Construction Equipment Mechanical Fitting, Plant Maintenance & Metal Machining Motor Vehicle Engineering Pattern making & Model making Process Plant Operation…basic Process Plant Operation…advanced Quality Assurance Repair & Servicing of Motorcycles Technicians Awards in Engineering Telecommunications & Electronics Engineering Vehicle Body Competences Vehicle Parts Personnel Welding & Fabrication Electrical Installation work Clothing Machine Mechanics Telecommunication Systems Engineering Skills 5. Change Education Policy at Centre & State levels 1. Advertise the advantages of VET 2. Advertise the advantages of ESD 3. Communicate to the people that only 27 million work with Govt. & Private Industry 4. Explain why 373 million work with SME’s, Agriculture, Construction, etc. 5. Explain the reasons why India must export more and be World Class, to improve buying power of Indian Citizen. Examples of I.T./Soft Ware & Diamonds, must be highlighted. The 16 Stake Holders who need to know about the importance and advantages of VET & ESD for Nation Building 1. Media – Print /TV / Radio /Internet – all of them. In English & in the 12 Indian languages. 2. Politicians – MP’s, MLA’s, Think Tanks, Economic Cells, Municipal Councilors in Cities. 3. Youth Organizations – Universities, Colleges, Schools, Political parties, e.g., BJP, Congress, etc 4. All India Business Organizations – CII, FICCI and ASSOCHAM 5. Chambers of Commerce – PHDCCI, IMC, etc… The 16 Stake Holders who need to know about the importance and advantages of VET & ESD for Nation Building 6. Small & Medium Business and trade organizations – There are hundreds of such organizations in each state. 7. All India Management Organizations – AIMA, DMA, BMA…total of 67 such centres in India 8. Economic Ministries in Centre & States – Labour, HRD, Finance, Industry, Commerce, etc.. 9. Universities in India – Their Councils and Boards 10. Colleges in India – Their Councils and Boards The 16 Stake Holders who need to know about the importance and advantages of VET & ESD for Nation Building 11. Schools in India – Their Councils and Boards 12. Management Colleges - Their Councils & Boards 13. Engineering Colleges - Their Councils & Boards 14. Medical Colleges - Their Councils and Boards 15. Banks & Financial Institutions - Their Councils and Boards 16. NGO’s / Rotary International / Lions Clubs/ Religious Organizations - Their Councils & Boards Use of TV & Radio for Education • Too much emphasis given to Cinema & TV serials on TV and Radio media, and very little for Nation Building Social Causes & Education neglected, in the last 55 yrs. • India is a poor country and needs to give high priority for education, VET, SKD …300 million are unemployed, 450/600 million are illiterate, 300 million are below the poverty line as per GOI (440 million as the World Bank estimates of US$ 1 per day earning per person) • Ministry of I&B needs to work with Centre and States. M of HRD & M of Labour should insist for at least one dedicated channel, 24 hours per day, in each language, ONLY for all forms of Education & Social Causes. English channels are NOT enough, since ONLY 5% understand English. An ‘i’ Watch presentation www.wakeupcall.org www.india-watch.com Dhanyawad!